Linguistic Advances in Central American Spanish


Covering all seven countries on the isthmus, this volume presents the first collection of original linguistic studies on Central American Spanish varieties, which have long been neglected in Hispanic Linguistics. The analyses in this collection span across disciplines such as sociolinguistics, corpus linguistics, bilingualism, historical linguistics, and pragmatics. This volume bridges the gap between international and Central American scholars, as it highlights the work that has already been done by Central American scholars but is relatively unknown to scholars outside of the region. It also introduces readers to more recent work that sheds new light on Central American Spanish varieties, from both urban and rural settings as well as in bilingual communities where Spanish is in contact with indigenous languages.

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Brandon Baird, Ph.D. (2014), University of Texas, Austin, is associate professor of Luso-Hispanic Studies and Linguistics at Middlebury College (Vermont, USA). His research focuses on bilingual phonetics and phonology, Guatemalan Spanish, and Mayan languages.

Osmer Balam, Ph.D. (2016), University of Florida, is a visiting assistant professor of Spanish at The College of Wooster (Ohio, USA). His research focuses on Belizean Spanish, Spanish in the U.S., code-switching, and bilingual morphosyntax.

M. Carmen Parafita Couto, Ph.D. (2005), University of Kansas, is María Zambrano senior researcher at the University of Vigo (Spain) and university lecturer (Latin American Studies, Linguistics) at Leiden University (The Netherlands). Her research focuses on the impact of multilingualism and language contact on language structure, with emphasis on multilingualism in the Hispanic and Lusophone world.
List of Figures, Maps, and Tables
Notes on Contributors

1 On the Linguistic Analysis of Central American Spanish in Monolingual and Bi/Multilingual Contexts
Brandon Baird, Osmer Balam, and M. Carmen Parafita Couto

2 Rhotic Variation in Northern Belize: Beyond Tap-Trill Contrast Maintenance
Trevor Bero

3 Phonological Contrast Maintenance and Language Contact
An Examination of the Spanish Rhotic System in a Bilingual Guatemalan Speech Community
Sean McKinnon

4 Variation of Absolute-Final /s/ in Tegucigalpa Spanish
Julio Ventura and Brandon Baird

5 Social Evaluations of Onset /s/ Lenition in Salvadoran Spanish
Franny D. Brogan, Lia Slotten, and Juan Manuel Menjívar

6 An Initial ToBI Analysis of Costa Rican Spanish Intonation
Eva Patricia Velásquez Upegui

7 Two Contact Induced Grammatical Changes in Spanish in Contact with Tz’utujil in Guatemala
Ana Isabel García Tesoro

8 Big Data and Small Dialects: Transitive andar in Central American Spanish
Shannon P. Rodríguez and Chad Howe

9 Variable Number Marking in Mosquito Coast Spanish
Madeline Critchfield

10 The Historical Evolution of Usted in Costa Rican Spanish
Munia Cabal-Jiménez

11 Rates and Constraints of Present Perfect and Preterit in Costa Rican Spanish: A Variationist Approach
Javier Rivas and Érick García Pineda

12 Address Pronouns in Panamanian Spanish
A Historical Overview
Miguel Ángel Quesada Pacheco

13 Corner-Store Service Encounters in Nicaraguan Spanish in a Rural Setting
Jeff Michno, Evan Colby Myers and Will Przedpelski

14 Central American Spanish: Then, Now, and Onward
John M. Lipski

This volume is of interest to students, sociolinguists, language contact and multilingualism scholars, as well as anyone interested in linguistic and sociohistorical aspects of Central American Spanish varieties.
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