The Control of Fuddle and Flash: A Sociological History of the Regulation of Alcohol and Opiates provides a historical and comparative overview describing the regulation of the use of alcohol and drugs (opiates) in the United States, the United Kingdom and the Netherlands. It explains the conditions and causes of the various regulatory regimes, such as the economic benefits reaped from the colonial opium trade and the role that duties on alcohol played in state formation. Moreover, it explores the consequences of different regulatory regimes, e.g. the shift in the supply of (increasingly strong) liquor and the professionalisation of crime, both unintended consequences of American Prohibition.
The Control of Fuddle and Flash provides original insights into the political economy of regulatory regimes, and sheds new light on the contemporary debate on the ‘drug problem’.
Jan-Willem Gerritsen (1957-1993) graduated in sociology at the University of Amsterdam and completed his doctor's thesis at the Amsterdam School for Social Science Research. As a student, he worked as an assistant to professor Nobert Elias. As a journalist, he contributed to a variety of Dutch newspapers and periodicals. As a sociologist, he conducted extensive historical and comparitive research into different regimes of social control of alcohol and opiates. This book represents the fruits of this research. Jan-Willem Gerritsen died in 1993, shortly after finishing this study.
Preface Introduction 1. A taxonomy of intoxicants An alternative classification Developments in neurophysiology The action of opiates The lessons of ethology 2. The supply side: alcohol The control of yeast Beer, wine and strong liquor Commercialization and increased scale of operations 3. The supply side: opiates The domestication of Papaver somniferum The three markets for opium 4. The colonial opium trade Britain and the Netherlands: a profitable trade The global regulation of opiates: the role played by the United States 5. Excise taxes on alcohol: three countries The sociology of taxation Alcohol excise and state formation in the Netherlands and Britain Alcohol excise and state formation in the United States 6. Physicians as suppliers The origins of national medical regimes for opiates Morphine and the hypodermic syringe 7. Industrialization and the war on alcohol Three paces of industrialization The temperance movement and its origins The anti-alcohol struggle: three variants Coda 8. Physicians as detoxifiers Alcoholism: from sin to syndrome Medical practitioners and opiate addiction: a history of delayed reaction From sin to sickness—and back again? The modern addiction syndrome 9. The dynamics of prohibition and illegal supply US Prohibition”: 1920-1933 The illegal market for opiates: 1912 to the present day Illegal drug markets: global features 10 Summary and conclusions State formation and the regulation of intoxicants Physicians as suppliers Industrialization and the anti-alcohol movement Physicians as detoxifiers The dynamics of prohibition and illegal supply Coda Bibliography Update Credits Index
Academics in history, sociology, politics/international realtions and cultural studies. It should be required reading for those interested in the history and sociology of the colonial opium trade, the use and regulation of alcohol and opiates in general and on contemporary drug problems and drug policies in particular.