Immovable Truth: Divine Knowledge and the Bible at the University of Vienna (1384-1419)


In the 14th century, hypotheses about a lying God, deceived Christ, and the changeability of the past circulated. At the new University of Vienna, three German masters attempted in their lectures on the Old Testament to counter them. Their commentaries are the longest, the most influential, and perhaps even the most inspiring commentaries on the Bible written at Vienna.
This book offers a glimpse into their most unusual ideas, apocalyptic expectations, heretics, toads, and devils; assessments of Amalric of Bena, Moshe Taku, and Petrarch; and, last, but not least, the search for an immovable truth that fills their pages.

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Edit Anna Lukács, Ph.D. (2008), is Academy Scientist at the Department of Codicology and Palaeography, Institute for Medieval Research of the Austrian Academy of Sciences. Her most recent monograph, Dieu est une sphère, appeared in 2019.

 1 The Bible at the University of Vienna
 2 The complexe significabile: Adam Wodeham
 3 Syllogisms and the Communication of Properties: Robert Holcot
 4 Antecedent Necessity: Thomas Bradwardine
 5 The University of Vienna in Its Replies

1 Henry Totting of Oyta’s Commentary on Psalms 1–50
 1 Henry Totting of Oyta
 2 General Features of Divine Cognition
 3 Psalm 34:28: the Common Viennese Project
 4 The Ultimate Answer
 5 Conclusion

2 Henry of Langenstein’s Commentary on Genesis
 1 Henry of Langenstein
 2 Metaphysics
 3 Logic
 4 Conclusion

3 Lambert of Geldern’s Commentary on the Twelve Minor Prophets
 1 Lambert of Geldern
 2 Prophets and Divine Lies
 3 The Non-degree of Viennese Theology
 4 Conclusion


All those interested in the history of ideas, theology, and philosophy in the Middle Ages, and more specifically in the exegesis of the Bible at the universities and Christian-Jewish relations.
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