Programming and Computational Thinking in Technology Education

Swedish and International Perspectives

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In the last decade, programming and computational thinking (CT) have been introduced on a large scale in school curricula and standards all over the world. In countries such as the UK, a new school subject—computing—was created, whereas in countries such as Sweden, programming was included in existing subjects, notably mathematics and technology education. The introduction of programming and CT in technology education implies a particular relationship between programming and technology. Programming is usually performed with technological artefacts—various types of computers—and it can also be seen as a specific branch of engineering.

This book analyses the background to and current implementation of programming and computational thinking in a Swedish school technology context, in relation to international developments. The various chapters deal with pertinent issues in technology education and its relation to computers and computing, for example, computational thinking and literacy, teachers’ programming competence, and computational thinking, programming, and learning in technology education. The book includes examples from educational research that could also be used as inspiration for school teaching, teacher education and curriculum development.

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Jonas Hallström, Linköping University, Sweden, is Professor of Technology Education. His research concerns historical, philosophical, and sociological aspects of technology (education), and his most recent book is Teaching and Learning about Technological Systems (Springer, 2022, co-edited with P. John Williams).

Marc J. de Vries, Delft University of Technology, the Netherlands, is Professor of Philosophy of Technology and Professor of Science and Technology Education. He is the Editor-in-Chief of the International Journal of Technology and Design Education (Springer) and author of, among other publications, the book Teaching about Technology: An Introduction to the Philosophy of Technology for Non-philosophers (Springer, 2016, 2nd edition).
Series Editors:
Marc J. de Vries, Delft University of Technology


Editorial Board:
John Dakers, Delft University of Technology
Jonas Hallström, Linköping University
Philip Reed, Old Dominion University
Preface
List of Figures and Tables
Notes on Contributors

1 Introduction: Programming and Computational Thinking in Technology Education
Jonas Hallström

PART 1: Definition, Philosophy and History of Programming and Computational Thinking, in Relation to Technology Education


2 How Computers Entered Swedish Classrooms: The Importance of Educating Digital Citizens
Jörgen Nissen and Linnéa Stenliden

3 Transposition of Computing and Programming Knowledge in Swedish Upper Secondary School during the 1970s and 1980s
Lennart Rolandsson, Cecilia Kilhamn and Kajsa Bråting

4 Introducing Programming and Computational Thinking in Grades 1–9: Sweden in an International Context
Linda Mannila and Fredrik Heintz

5 Design and Make—and Code? Technology Education and a Unified Conception of Technology
Jonas Hallström

6 Framing Computational Thinking and Digital Competence in Technology Education
Helena Isaksson Persson and Arnold Pears

7 Visual Programming as a Tool for Developing Knowledge in STEM Subjects: A Literature Review
Karin Stolpe and Jonas Hallström

PART 2: Curriculum and Teacher Perspectives on Computational Thinking and Programming in Technology Education


8 Programming in School Technology Education: An Insight into Teachers’ Efforts to Unpack and Shape Programming in Technology Education
Peter Vinnervik

9 Discourses of Programming Teaching within Compulsory Education
Susanne Engström and Eva Björkholm

10 Student Teachers’ Experiences of Programmed Technological Artefacts: Range of Understanding and Ideas for Development
Anna Perez and Maria Svensson

11 Swedish Technology Teachers’ Understandings of Computer Programming as Modelling
Helen Brink

12 Teachers’ Experience of Science Centres as a Resource for Programming Education
Maria Sparf

PART 3: Computational Thinking and Programming in Technology Teaching


13 Introducing Programming in an Early Primary Technology Classroom: The Distinction between Human and Robot
Astrid Berg and Cecilia Axell

14 Students’ Conceptions of Programmed Technological Solutions: A Basis for Organising Teaching
Anne-Marie Cederqvist

15 Metaphors and Gestures in Programming Education
Andreas Larsson

16 Product or Process Criteria? What Teachers Value When Assessing Programming
Lars Björklund and Charlotta Nordlöf

Index
All those interested in programming and computational thinking in education in general, and in technology education in particular. The book is of interest to researchers, teachers, student teachers, teacher educators, and curriculum developers.
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