This volume - grown out of an international conference at Freiburg University in 1999 - deals with various aspects of Shiite Islam since the 18th century. It is divided into two major parts, the first of which is dedicated to traditional institutions of theology and learning and their transformation in modern times. The second part treats internal debates and the activities of Shiite dissidents, showing that Shiism is far from being uniform. Ideological and political developments in the 20th century and especially the Islamic Revolution in Iran have shaped the image of modern Shiism more than any other tendencies and are therefore also discussed in greater detail in Parts three and four.
This book reflects the state of the art in this field of Islamic studies, its 21 contributions covering three centuries and a vast geographical range.
Rainer Brunner, Ph.D. (1996) in Islamic Studies, University of Freiburg, is Assistant Professor there. He has worked on Shiite exegesis of the Qur'an and Sunnite-Shiite relations in the 20th century, including
Annäherung und Distanz. Schia, Azhar und die islamische Ökumene im 20. Jahrhundert (Berlin, 1996).
Werner Ende, Ph.D. (1965) in Islamic Studies, University of Hamburg, is Professor of Islamic Studies at the University of Freiburg. He is co-editor of
Die Welt des Islams (Brill) and has published extensively on modern Arab historiography, the Salafiyya, the Twelver Shia and related subjects.
All those interested in intellectual history, the study of modern Islam and political developments in the Muslim world, the history of Shiism as well as religious history in general.