Peter Aureol on Predestination: A Challenge to Late Medieval Thought


By 1300 theologians had established a consensus position concerning predestination stating that God predestines without regard to human causes, but reprobates with regard to sin. In the fourteenth Century this consensus was shattered, first by those arguing that God also predestines on account of human causes, and then by those who asserted that God does neither with regard for human causes.
The first part of the book examines the theology of Peter Aureol, who first broke with the consensus position on predestination. The second part traces the impact of his theology on late Medieval thought.
Previously overlooked, Peter Aureol's unique doctrine of predestination and the impact it had on late Medieval and Reformation thought is a crucial chapter in the history of Western theology.

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James L. Halverson, Ph.D. (1993) in History, University of Iowa, is Chair of Department of History and Political Science at Judson College, Elgin, Illinois.
' The content and argument of the book, however, are well researched and convincing. Halverson’s study effectively replaces previous work on the doctrine of predestination in late-medieval thougth, and it should receive recognition as one of the best studies in late Scholasticism to have appeared in recent years.'
William J. Courtenay, Speculum, 2004.
' James Halverson has written a superb and learned book exploring the specific development of this doctrine in the Middle Ages...this research is substantial and makes a real contribution to the study of late medieval history and theology...Having reconnoitered the soteriological terrain of the latter Middle Ages, Halverson has made an important contribution to our understanding of this historical period and reminded us of its intellectual vitality.'
Frank A. James III, Sixteenth Century Journal, 1999.
' Halverson’s study displays an impressive command of the material. Evinced in his treatment of a variety of primary sources a well as his engagement with modern scholarship...This is an important contribution to the study of an especially consequential aspect of late medieval thought.'
Ian Christopher Levy, Church History, 1999.
' …sheds valuable light for the professional scholar on issues of influence, historical context, and modern historiography.'
R. Ward Holder, Religious Studies Review, 2000.
All those interested in intellectual history, the history of the late Middle Ages, the history of the Church, as well as theologians and philosophers.