Identity, Culture and Globalization

The Annals of the International Institute of Sociology – Volume 8


This book is about contemporary sociological analysis: its discussions, contradictions and controversies. Authors from various backgrounds discuss developments on all continents.
The 34 contributions are centered on six themes. The first is multiple modernities, showing us that there is no single road to the modernization of societies. The second theme is globalization, with new concepts like spatialization, world languages and new social movements. In part three, multiculturalism and diaspora movements are viewed as the pivotal factors for change in many societies. The fourth theme is the decline of the accountability of the state, concentrating on the shortcomings of traditional states and the emergence of new resources. In part five, the concept of postmodernity is discussed from the angles of identity, social reality, detachment and legacy.
Finally, the sixth part, ‘Toward a New Agenda’ looks into the future and lets sociology (or rather social knowledge) play a major part in today’s society.
This volume is a rich collection of practical examples and solid arguments by some of the best sociologists in the world.

Also available in paperback (ISBN 9004128735).

Biographical Note

Eliezer Ben-Rafael, Ph.D. (1974) in Sociology, University of Jerusalem, is Weinberg Professor of Sociology at Tel-Aviv University. He has published on ethnicity and language in Israel, and Jewish identities, including Language, Identity and Social Division (Clarendon, 1994) and Ethnicity, Religion and Class in Israel (with S. Sharot, Cambridge University Press, 1991)

Table of contents

Contents Foreword General Introduction 1. Analyzing our time: a sociological promblématique, Eliezer Ben-Rafael and Yitzhak Sternberg SECTION ONE: MULTIPLE MODERNITIES Introduction 2. The vision of modern and contemporary society, Shmuel N. Eisenstadt 3. Rethinking Modernity, Björn Wittrock 4. Modernity, civilization and globalization, Yitzhak Sternberg 5. Islam and Modernity, Dale F. Eickelman 6.‘Confucian’ East Asia and Modernity, Tu Weiming 7. Latin American Modernity, Renato Ortiz 8. The Multiplication of Modernity, Johann P. Arnason SECTION TWO: GLOBALIZATION Introduction 9. Convergence in societal systems, Alex Inkeles 10. Spatializing Turkey, Aysegul Baykan and Roland Robertson 11. Democracy and democratization in Africa, Benyamin Neuberger 12. A Political sociology of the world language system, Abram de Swaan 13. Language and modernity in Algeria, Mohamed Benrabah 14. Globalization and privatization in higher education, Jerzy J. Smolicz 15. The new capitalist society, Alain Touraine 16. Americanization versus globalization, Johan Galtung SECTION THREE: MULTICULTURALISM AND TRANSNATIONAL DISSPORAS Introduction 17. The discourse on modernity in the United States, Jürgen Heideking 18. Media technologies, social organization and democratic polities, Elihu Katz 19. Language policy, practice and ideology, Bernhard Spolsky 20. Vignettes of present day diaspora, Stanley J. Tambiah 21. The transformation of diaspora: the linguistic dimension, Eliezer Ben-Rafael, 22. Ethnicity cosmopolitanized? The new German Jewry, Y. Michael Bodemann SECTION FOUR: THE DECLINING ACCOUNTABILITY OF THE STATE Introduction 23. Becoming State Jews: from visibility to discretion, Pierre Birnbaum 24. The gift-relationship in an era of ‘loose’ solidarities, Ilana F. Silber 25. The elite connection in Israel, Eva Etzioni-Halevy 26. Voicing ‘resistance’: race& nation in the global space, Denise Ferreira Da Silva SECTION FIVE: POSTMODERNITY Introduction 27. Nationalism, modernism, and their multiplicities, Craig Calhoun 28. Identity in the globalizing world, Zygmunt Bauman 29. Postnational flows, identity formation and cultural space, Mike Featherstone 30. Postmodernity, cosmopolitanism and identity, Bryan S. Turner 31, Modernity and postmodernity in Japanese attitudes, Masamichi Sasaki IN CONCLUSION:TOWARD A NEW AGENDA Introduction 32. Some coming duties of sociology, Michael Wieviorka 33. Sociology as the heir of the social science, Erwin K. Scheuch 34. Transitions in post-social knowledge societies, Karin Knorr Cetina Epilogue Bibliography List of Contributors Index of Names Index of Matters


All those interested in studies in the following areas: sociological theory, comparative sociology, political sociology, postmodernity, cultural studies, sociology of modernity and modernization, globalization, multiculturalism, transnational diasporas, sociolinguistics and sociology of language.