J.L. Vives: De Subventione Pauperum sive De Humanis Necessitatibus, Libri II

Introduction, Critical Edition, Translation and Notes


This work by the Spanish humanist and philosopher, Juan Luis Vives, is the first tract of its kind in the Western world to treat the problem of urban poverty and propose concrete suggestions for a policy of social legislation. The treatise, published in 1526, is dedicated to the civil authorities of Bruges and deals specifically with the problems of that city, but with potential universal application. Vives calls upon the wealthy to share their blessings with those less fortunate, emphasizing that possessions are not given to us for our own use only but to share them with our neighbour. The reader will often find Vives' reflections and solutions surprisingly modern. The book includes an edition of the Latin text and an English translation.

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Charles E. Fantazzi, Ph.D. (1964) in Comparative Literature, Harvard University, is Professor Emeritus of Classics at the University of Windsor and currently teaches at East Carolina University. He is an editor and translator of the Toronto Collected Works of Erasmus, and has published several texts and translations of Vives with Brill.
Constant Matheeussen †, Ph.D. (1974) in Classical Philology, was Professor of Roman Law at the Catholic University of Brussels (K.U. Brussel), of which university he was the previous rector magnificus. He has published extensively on humanist writers (Haloinus, Erasmus, Vives and Lipsius) including six volumes of Vives, The Selected Works (Brill, 1987-1998).
'...an essential bilingual edition of the first European tract to examine urban poverty and to propose suggestions for policies on social legislation.'
Carmen Peraita, The Year's Work in Modern Language Studies, 2005.
I. Prefatroy Remarks
II. Circumstances of Composition
III. Summary
IV. Historical Background
V. Editions and Constitution of the Text
VI. Translations
VII. Abbreviations used in the Introduction, Apparatus and Notes

De Subventione Pauperum sive De humanis necessitatibus
Praefatio: Iohannes Lodovicus Vives Consulibus et Senatui Brugensi Salutem
Book I. De subventione privata quid unumquemque facere oporteat
Book II. De subventione publica quid civitatem deceat

Appendix: Annotatiunculae fratris Ioannis Moyardi

Index Nominum
Index Locorum
Interesting for those interested in the Neo-Latin, 16th century, History of Humanism, History of the Netherlands, Social History, Relief of the Poor, Social Justice, Beggars, Almsgiving and Social Responsibility.
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