Jerusalem in Bible and Archaeology

The First Temple Period

What are archaeologists and biblical scholars saying about Jerusalem? This volume includes the most up-to-date cross-disciplinary assessment of Biblical Jerusalem (ca. 2000-586 BCE) that represents the views of biblical historians, archaeologists, Assyriologists, and Egyptologists. The archaeological articles both summarize and critique previous theories as well as present previously unpublished archaeological data regarding the highly contested interpretations of First Temple Period Jerusalem. The interpretative essays ask the question, "Can there be any dialogue between archaeologists and biblical scholars in the absence of consensus?" The essays give a clear "yes" to this question, and provide suggestions for how archaeology and biblical studies can and should be in conversation. The contributors include Yairah Amit, Jane M. Cahill, Israel Finkelstein, Richard Elliot Friedman, Hillel Geva, James K. Hoffmeier, Ann E. Killebrew, Gary N. Knoppers, Gunnar Lehmann, Ronny Reich and Eli Shukron, J. J. M. Roberts, William M. Schniedewind, Neil Asher Silberman, Margreet Steiner, Lynn Tatum, David Ussishkin, Andrew G. Vaughn, and K. Lawson Younger, Jr. This book will appeal to advanced scholars, nonspecialists in biblical studies, and lay audiences who are interested in the most recent theories on Jerusalem. The volume will be especially useful as a supplemental textbook for graduate and undergraduate courses on biblical history.

Paperback edition is available from the Society of Biblical Literature (

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Andrew G. Vaughn, Ph.D. (1996) in Old Testament, Princeton Theological Seminary, is Associate Professor of Religion at Gustavus Adolphus College in St. Peter, Minnesota. Ann E. Killebrew, Ph.D. (1999) in Biblical Archaeology, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, is Assistant Professor of Jewish Studies and Classics and Ancient Mediterranean Studies at The Pennsylvania State University in State College, Pennsylvania.
Introduction: “Jerusalem in Bible and Archaeology: Dialogues and Discussions” by Ann E. Killebrew and Andrew G. Vaughn Part One: Jerusalem During the Reigns of David and Solomon “Jerusalem at the Time of the United Monarchy: The Archaeological Evidence” by Jane M. Cahill “The Rise of Jerusalem and Judah: The Missing Link,” by Israel Finkelstein “Solomon’s Jerusalem: The Text and the Facts on the Ground,” by David Ussishkin “The United Monarchy in the Countryside: Jerusalem, Judah, and the Shephelah during the 10th c. b.c.e.” by Gunnar Lehmann “Solomon’s Jerusalem and the Zion Tradition,” by J. J. M. Roberts “Solomon and the Great Histories,” by Richard Elliot Friedman Part Two: The Rise and Fall of Jerusalem at the End of the Judean Kingdom “Western Jerusalem at the End of the First Temple Period in Light of the Excavations in the Jewish Quarter,” by Hillel Geva “The Urban Development of Jerusalem in the Late 8th Century b.c.e.,” by Ronny Reich and Eli Shukron “Egypt’s Role in the Events of 701 B.C. in Jerusalem,” by James K. Hoffmeier “Assyrian Involvement in the Southern Levant at the End of the Eighth Century b.c.e.” by K. Lawson Younger, Jr. “Egypt, Assyria, and Isaiah, and the Ashdod Affair: A Review Article,” by J. J. M. Roberts “Jerusalem in Conflict: The Evidence for the Seventh Century b.c.e. Religious Struggle Over Jerusalem,” by Lynn Tatum “‘The City Yhwh has Chosen’: The Chronicler’s Promotion of Jerusalem in Light of Recent Archaeology,” by Gary N. Knoppers Part Three: Biblical Jerusalem: Towards a Consensus “Biblical Jerusalem: An Archaeological Assessment,” by Ann E. Killebrew “Jerusalem in Bible and Archaeology: When Did Jerusalem Become a Subject of Polemic?” by Yairah Amit “Jerusalem, the Late Judaean Monarchy, and the Composition of Biblical Texts,” by William M. Schniedewind “Archaeology, Ideology, and the Search for David and Solomon,” by Neil Asher Silberman “Is Biblical Archaeology Theologically Useful Today? : Yes, A Programmatic Proposal,” by Andrew G. Vaughn