Islamic Legal Thought

A Compendium of Muslim Jurists


In Islamic Legal Thought: A Compendium of Muslim Jurists, twenty-three scholars each contribute a chapter on a distinguished Muslim jurist. The volume is organized chronologically and it includes jurists who represent the formative, classical and modern periods of Islamic legal thought. Each chapter contains both a biography of an individual jurist and a translated sample of his work. The biographies emphasize the scholarly milieu in which the jurist worked—his teachers, colleagues and pupils, as well as the type of juridical thinking for which he is best known. The translated sample highlights the contribution of each jurist to the evolution of both the method and the methodology of Islamic jurisprudence. The introduction by the volume's three editors, Oussama Arabi, David S. Powers and Susan A. Spectorsky, provides a concise overview of the contents.

Contributors include: Oussama Arabi, Murteza Bedir, Jonathan E. Brockopp, Robert Gleave, Camilo Gómez-Rivas, Mahmoud O. Haddad, Peter C. Hennigan, Colin Imber, Samir Kaddouri, Aharon Layish, Joseph E. Lowry, Muhammad Khalid Masud, Ebrahim Moosa, David S. Powers, Yossef Rapoport, Delfina Serrano Ruano, Susan A. Spectorsky, Devin J. Stewart, Osman Tastan, Etty Terem, Nurit Tsafrir, Bernard G. Weiss, Hiroyuki Yanagihashi.

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David S. Powers, Professor of Arabic and Islamic Studies, Cornell University is the author of Studies in Qur’an and Hadith: The Formation of the Islamic Law of Inheritance (1986); Law, Society and Culture in the Maghrib, 1300-1500 (2002); Muhammad is Not the Father of Any of Your Men: The Making of the Last Prophet (2009); editor of Islamic Law and Society.

Oussama Arabi, Adjunct Professor of Inter-Cultural Studies, Haigazian University, has contributed a number of articles to scholarly journals and is the author of Wittgenstein, langage et ontologie (1982); Karl Popper, Madkhal ilā al-ʿAqlāniyya al-Naqdiyya (1994); Studies in Modern Islamic Law and Jurisprudence (2001).

Susan A. Spectorsky, Associate Professor Emerita, Queens College, City University of New York is the author of Chapters on Marriage and Divorce: Responses of Ibn Hanbal and Ibn Rahwayh (1993); Women in Classical Islamic Law: A Survey of the Sources (2010).
Islamic Legal Thought is a well-rounded survey of the history of Islamic law. Its scope is broad and the individual chapters are, on balance, well-structured and give the reader a good introduction to the life and thought of the scholar under consideration.” - Felicitas Opwis, in: Ilahiyat Studies 9.2 (2018), 293-297
“…this book is a significant landmark in the representation of Islamic legal thought and its history. Its scope and scale by themselves demonstrate its monumentality […]. In conclusion, this volume is a major contribution.” - Scott Morrison, in: The Cambridge Law Journal 73.2 (2014), p. 446-449
“… a major contribution to the field. […] While the volume as a whole will appeal primarily to specialists in Islamic legal history, the individual chapters are engaging and accessible enough for use in the classroom and by non-specialists.” - Jocelyn Hendrickson, in: Journal of Near Eastern Studies 74.2 (2015) p. 383-386
"On saura gré aux Éd. de ce volume d’avoir mis à la disposition des étudiants et des chercheurs un instrument de travail aussi stimulant qu’utile." - J. Dean, in: Revue d’histoire et de philosophie religieuses2014, Tome 94 n° 4, p. 493-494
List of Contributors
Introduction - Oussama Arabi, David S. Powers, Susan Spectorsky

Part 1 - Formative Period (150-261/767-874)
Chapter 1. Abū Ḥanīfa (d. 150/767) - Hiroyuki Yanagihashi
Chapter 2. Mālik b. Anas (d. 179/795) - Yossef Rapoport
Chapter 3. al-Shāfiʿī (d. 204/820) - Joseph E. Lowry
Chapter 4. Saḥnūn (d. 240/854) - Jonathan E. Brockopp
Chapter 5. Ibn Ḥanbal (d. 243/855) - Susan Spectorsky
Chapter 6. al-Khaṣṣāf (d. 261/874) - Peter C. Hennigan

Part 2 - Classical Period (300-1213/912-1798)
Chapter 7. Abū Jaʿfar al-Ṭaḥāwī (d. 321/933) - Nurit Tsafrir
Chapter 8. al-Jaṣṣās (d. 370/981) - Murteza Bedir
Chapter 9. al-Sharῑf al-Murtaḍā (d. 436/1044) - Devin J. Stewart
Chapter 10. Ibn Ḥazm al-Qurṭubῑ (d. 456/1064) - Samir Kaddouri
Chapter 11. al-Sarakhsī (d. 483/1090) - Osman Taştan
Chapter 12. Abū Ḥāmid al-Ghazālī (d. 505/1111) - Ebrahim Moosa
Chapter 13. Ibn Rushd al-Jadd (d. 520/1126) - Delfina Serrano Ruano
Chapter 14. Qāḍī ʿIyāḍ (d. 544/1149) - Camilo Gómez-Rivas
Chapter 15. Sayf al-Dῑn al-Āmidī (d. 631/1233) - Bernard Weiss
Chapter 16. Abū Isḥāq al-Shāṭibī (d. 790/1388) - Muhammad Khalid Masud
Chapter 17. Aḥmad al-Wanshārīsī (d. 914/1505) - David S. Powers
Chapter 18. Ebu’s-suʿud (d. 982/1574) - Colin Imber
Chapter 19. Muḥammad Bāqir al-Bihbihānī (d. 1205/1791) - Robert Gleave

Part 3 - Modern Period (1798-present)
Chapter 20. al-Mahdῑ al-Wazzānī (d. 1342/1923) - Etty Terem
Chapter 21. Muḥammad Rashīd Riḍā (1865-1935) - Mahmoud Haddad
Chapter 22. ʿAbd al-Razzāq al-Sanhūrī (d. 1971) - Oussama Arabi
Chapter 23. Ḥasan al-Turābī (1932 - ) - Aharon Layish

All specialists in Islamic legal studies, undergraduate and graduate students studying the Islamic world, and lawyers interested in the development of Islamic legal thought from its inception through the modern period.
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