Makran, Oman and Zanzibar

Three-Terminal Cultural Corridor in the Western Indian Ocean (1799-1856)


Winner of the Society for Arabian Studies Grant in 2003. This study examines a view '‘from outside’ of the three terminals: Makran, Muscat and Zanzibar which is a partial one in the history of the western Indian Ocean. Such themes are, however, essential when viewed against the background of Anglo-French rivalry in the Gulf and Indian Ocean during the first half of the nineteenth century, and are central to numerous debates. The methodological perspective, therefore, whilst concerned with oriental figures and events, is still largely based on sources in western languages precisely because it concentrates on the relations between Saʾ īd bin Sulṭān Āl Bū Saʾ īdī (r. 1806-1856), the Arab-Omani sovereign of Muscat and Zanzibar, and Europe, and on Baluch presence in Oman and in East Africa.

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Beatrice Nicolini, Ph.D. (1995) in History of Africa, is Assistant Professor of History and Institutions of Africa, Faculty of Political Sciences, at the Catholic University, Milan, Italy. She has published several essays and monograph studies on History of South-Central Asia and Sub-saharan East Africa translated also in Arabic.
' …the general reader will enjoy its well-crafted narrative and accessible overview of Makran and Swahili cultures and histories.' James R. Brennan, Tanzanian Affairs, 2005.
PART I Chapter One The Western Indian Ocean Idyll, 1.1 Makran: ‘Terra Incognita’, 1.2 British descriptions of 19th Century’s Muscat, 1.3 Sub-Saharan East Africa’s Terminus, 1.4 Tribes and Trade Interfaces Chapter Two The Maritime Routes to East Africa, 2.1 Indian Merchant Communities, 2.2 Why Zanzibar?, 2.3 Magic East African Practices, 2.4 Luxury Goods, 2.5 Europeans in Zanzibar Chapter Three Zanzibar and Swahili Coast: Land, Power Groups and Social Classes, 3.1 Swahili Origins, 3.2 Swahili Urban Landscape, 3.3 Landed Property and Social Stratification PART II Chapter Four The Anglo-French Rivalry: The Rise of Zanzibar (1799–1810), 4.1 Sul†an bin A˙mad Al Bu Sa"idi (1792–1804): TheFather of the First Sultan of Zanzibar, 4.2 Napoleon and the ‘Intercepted Letters’, 4.3 Sa"id bin Al Bu Sa"idi and the British Conquest of the Île de France/Mauritius (1810), 4.4 The Memoranda of J.S. Buckingham: A Portrait of Sa"id bin Sul†an Al Bu Sa"idi, 4.5 David Vatrin and Vincenzo Maurizi, Two ItalianSpies in the Indian Ocean? Chapter Five Slave Trade and British Abolition Policy, 5.1 Slaves, 5.2 Ivory and Spices, 5.3 The Swahili Coast and the Hinterland, 5.4 British View of Sa"id bin Sul†an Al Bu Sa"idi Chapter Six The Moresby Treaty (4/22 September 1822), 6.1 United States of America and Zanzibar, 6.2 Sa"id bin Sul†an Al Bu Sa"idi and Atkins Hamerton Conclusions Appendix—Coins in use Sources and Bibliography, 1. Archive Sources—Manuscripts, 2. Printed Sources, 3. Published Primary Sources, 4. Secondary Sources, Glossary Notes on the Index Index of Names Index of Places
All readers curious about a new history of Oman and Zanzibar and European relationships during the first half of the 19th century. Accurate bibliographical references will be useful to scholars.