From 1872 to 1917 legislation banned Jesuits from Imperial Germany. Believing the Jesuits sought to control the social, political, and religious realms, the Protestant bourgeoisie championed the ban and promoted a politics of paranoia against the Jesuits. By exploiting widespread fears of the "specter" of Jesuitism, Protestants pushed their own confessional, nationalist, and often liberal agenda. Author Roisin Healy charts the path of anti-Jesuitism against the background of society, politics, and religion in Imperial Germany. The core of the book is evenly divided between an analysis of the political struggle over the passage, gradual dilution, and eventual repeal of the Jesuit Law and the main themes of anti-Jesuitism: the order's internationalism, moral theology, and scholarship. This book will interest all scholars of modern Germany, particularly those specializing in religion, nationalism, liberalism, and political mobilization.
Róisín Healy, Ph.D. (1999) in History at Georgetown University, lectures at the National University of Ireland, Galway.
"...this book provides a careful examination of a seminal piece of Kulturkampf legislation that endured into the early twentieth century. Like other recent work, it shows the endurance of religious and confessional friction in an age that had once been considered increasingly secular, and it explores an important dimension of imperial German political culture. It will be of particular interest to historians of religion, the Catholic Church, politics, and the Protestand middle class."
Michael B. Gross,
The Catholic Historical Review, 2005.
"...an interesting and informative work that not only illuminates a colorful chapter in the religious history of Imperial Germany but also provides important insights into the intellectual and cultural life of the
Kaiserreich more generally."
German Studies Review, 2006.
1. The Anti-Jesuit Tradition, 1540-1870
2. The Jesuit Law of 1872: Genesis and Implementation, 1870-1890
3. The Jesuit Law after the Kulturkamf, 1890-1904
4. The Historical Critique: Opponents of the German Nation
5. The Moral Critique: Infiltrators of the Private Sphere
6. The Intellectual Critique: Gate-crashers of the Public Sphere
7. The Fall of the Jesuit Law, 1904-1917
All those interested in modern German history, the history of religion, Jesuits, Catholic-Protestant tensions, church-state relations, the role of hate figures and interest groups in political culture.