The Muslim community's political and socio-economic role in Jerusalem under Ottoman administration during 1830s is analyzed in this volume from a natural law perspective. A bitter political contest between Sultan Mahmud II and Muhammad Ali Pasha resulted in the military occupation of Syria and imposition of a brutal new political and legal regime which crushed the indigenous elites of southern Syria. Through a careful analysis of the archives of the Islamic law court of Jerusalem, the study offers a fresh appraisal of how the Ottoman Empire ruled Jerusalem and considers the Muslim response, elucidating the reasons for the breakdown of their relations with non-Muslim Ottoman subjects and differentiating the Ottoman understanding of law and government from that of their enemies, the Wahhabis.
Judith Mendelsohn Rood, Ph.D. (1993) in History, University of Chicago, M.A. (1982) in Arab Studies, Georgetown University, and B.A. (1980) in History, New College is Associate Professor of History and Chair of the Department of History, Government, and Social Science at Biola University in La Mirada, California.
All those interested in the Arab-Israel conflict, history of the Ottoman Empire, the Middle East, Jerusalem, Palestinians, Muslim and non-Muslim relations, and the relationship of religion, law and politics.