Equality in Law: United Kingdom


Equality in law between men and women in the European Community is an integral part of the EC's social policy and crucial to its economic and social cohesion. This 15-Volume Encyclopedia analyses the legal framework for equal opportunities which now exists in the Community due to the adoption of EC Directives on equal treatment, equal pay and social security, and to the work of the European Court of Justice in this area. It looks at how the EC Directives have been implemented and interpreted in each Member State, and at the other legislative and constitutional provisions affecting the principle of equality. All the principal legal provisions are reproduced or translated. Extracts from or digests of national case law are also included. Each volume is structured so that Member States's provisions on equality can be directly compared.

The editors of this Encyclopedia are Michel Verwilghen, Professeur ordinaire à la Faculté de Droit, Université catholique de Louvain, and Ferdinand von Prondzynski, Professor of Law and Dean of the Law School, University of Hull.
Preface. Foreword. Abbreviations. Table of legislation, etc. Table of cases. Commentary on Equality of Law. 1: General. 1.1. Introduction. 1.2. Sources. 2: Basic Concepts. 2.1. Equality and discrimination. 2.2. Direct discrimination. 2.3. Indirect discrimination. 2.4. Victimization. 3: Equal Pay. 3.1. Principle. 3.2. Exceptions. 3.3. Personal scope of principle. 3.4. Activities covered. 3.5. Definition of remuneration. 3.6. Comparator. 3.7. Woman does same work as man. 3.8. Equal value. 3.9. Legitimate reason for pay differential. 3.10. Levelling up/down. 4: Equal Treatment. 4.1. Principle. 4.2. Exceptions. 4.3. Territorial scope. 4.4. Personal scope. 4.5. Activities covered. 4.6. Comparator. 4.7. Hiring. 4.8. Working conditions. 4.9. Exclusion, dismissal or other detriment. 4.10. Instructions to discriminate. 4.11. Pressure to discriminate. 4.12. Discrimination by an employer or a trade union. 4.13. Discriminatory practices. 4.14. Special treatment. 5: Social Security. 5.1. Definition of social security. 5.2. Social security Directives and other legislation. 5.3. Problematic concepts. 5.4. Exceptions. 5.5. Levelling up/down. 5.6. Part-time work. 6: Enforcement of the Principle. 6.1. Court or tribunal procedure. 6.2. Courts and tribunals. 6.3. Enforcement agency. 6.4. Collective agreements. Sources of Equality Law. Section I: Legislation 1. Equal pay. 2. Equal treatment. 3. Equal pay and equal treatment enforcement: further provisions. 4. Equality in social security. Section II: Cases. 1. Equal pay. A. House of Lords. B. Court of Appeal. C. Lower Court or Tribunal. 2. Equal treatment. A. House of Lords. B. Court of Appeal. C. Lower Court or Tribunal. 3. Equality in social security. Documentation. Index
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