A diary kept by a boy in the 1790s sheds new light on the rise of autobiographical writing in the 19th century and sketches a panoramic view of Europe in the Age of Enlightenment. The French Revolution and the Batavian Revolution in the Netherlands provide the backdrop to this study, which ranges from changing perceptions of time, space and nature to the thought of Jean-Jacques Rousseau and its influence on such far-flung fields as education, landscape gardening and politics. The book describes the high expectations people had of science and medicine, and their disappointment at the failure of these new branches of learning to cure the world of its ills.
Epistula forti, Vita Ioannis Dullardi, Christi Triumphus, Ovatio Mariae, Clipeus Christi, Praelectio in quartum rhetoricorum ad herennium; Praelectio in convivia Philelphi. Edited by J. IJsewijn and A. Fritsen
The second volume of
Early Writings by J.L. Vives collects seven opuscula written during Vives' student years in Paris, namely the Life of his master J. Dullardus of Ghent, a letter to his friend J. Fortis, three pious treatises (
Triumphus Christi; Clypeus Christi; Ovatio Mariae) and finally, two inaugural lectures to courses on Ad Herennium and Filelfo's Convivia.
Except for the Life and the letter, all these texts appear here for the first time in critical editions accompanied by an English translation and explanatory notes. Since Vives used to rewrite his texts for later editions some of the texts are published here in parallel versions. The easy comparison of the two texts will allow scholars to gain a better insight into the linguistic and intellectual development of young Vives in the years between the two versions. The English translation will make understandable the often very obscure originals. By studying these early writings, it is shown that Vives' knowledge of Latin in Paris was still very modest and that he obviously had serious problems in formulating his thoughts adequately.
This is a critical, annotated, bilingual edition, with introduction, notes, and indices, of the first two of Vives' five dramatic speeches on the theme of the abdication of the late Roman Republican dictator Lucius Cornelius Sulla. These speeches belong among Vives' experiments, in the years 1514-1523, with various imaginative genres, in which he was trying techniques of personal involvement of both himself and the reader in exploration of pressing issues, whether political, ethical, or esthetic.
The fundamental theme is the danger of ruling by fear. Sulla's two friends, Fundanus and Fonteius, counsel respectively against and for Sulla's retirement when Rome is full of vengeful survivors of his savage proscriptions.
This volume presents four early works by Vives:
De initiis sectis et laudibus philisophiae (On the Origins, Schools and Merits of Philosophy);
Veritas fucata (Painted Truth);
Anima senis (the Soul of an Old Man); and
Pompeius fugiens (Pompey in Flight). In each case the Latin text is accompanied by an English translation. The main aim of the editors has been to provide for the first time critical editions of the texts. The texts published here were included by Vives in the volume of collected essays which appeared in 1519 in Louvain under the title
Opuscula varia. The text published at that time has also become the
Variants are, of course, included in the critical apparatus.
apparatus fontium gives us an insight into Vives as a humanist. To the English translation are appended a small number of explanatory notes. Finally, there are these three indices: an
index nominum (with reference in each to an encyclopaedia article which contains the bibliography forming the basis), an
index locorum, and an
index verborum memorabilium (which indicates deviations from Classical Latin forms).
This volume is the first in a planned series of
Selected Works which will follow the same concept.