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The Making of Israel

Cultural Diversity in the Southern Levant and the Formation of Ethnic Identity in Deuteronomy

C.L. Crouch

In The Making of Israel C.L. Crouch presents the southern Levant during the seventh century BCE as a major period for the formation of Israelite ethnic identity, challenging scholarship which dates biblical texts with identity concerns to the exilic and post-exilic periods as well as scholarship which limits pre-exilic identity concerns to Josianic nationalism. The argument analyses the archaeological material from the southern Levant during Iron Age II, then draws on anthropological research to argue for an ethnic response to the economic, political and cultural change of this period. The volume concludes with an investigation into identity issues in Deuteronomy, highlighting centralisation and exclusive Yahwism as part of the deuteronomic formulation of Israelite ethnic identity.

Early Egyptian Christianity

From its Origins to 451 CE

C. Wilfred Griggs

In this well-documented and clear study, the history of Christianity in Egypt is discussed. It critically and attractively focuses on early Egyptian Christianity, from its earliest recorded origins to the Council of Chalcedon in 451 CE. That was the moment, after the separation from the Catholic University, when the Egyptian Coptic Church became the national religion.
During this period, we observe the development of features unique to Egyptian Christianity, such as the imposition of Catholic ecclesiasticism in Alexandria and southward, and the presence of forces that would lead to the establishment of a national religion.
This study will greatly contribute to an increased understanding of early Egyptian Christian history and the manner in which that religion was dispersed in other countries. It also adds to the understanding of the general history of early Christianity.


van Loon

In his previous fascicle (XV, 12) the author showed that the native Anatolian nature goddess and her son, the hunting god, remained much more popular throughout the second millennium B.C. than one might deduce from the written sources.
The present fascicle permits comparison of the iconographies of Neo-Hittites, Uratians, Phryigans, Lydians and Lycians. Inherited beliefs manifested themselves in widely differing ways. Thus the old nature goddess Kubaba or Cybele appears in the Neo-Hittite pantheon alongside many other deities; her cult among the Phyrgians, while emphasizing motherhood, seems to have been almost monotheistic.
With much information on new finds from Sardis, Gordion and easten Turkey this volume is a comprehensive survey of the religious iconography of Anatolia on the eve of its absorption into the Hellenic world.

A Cuneiform Anthology of Religious Texts from Ugarit

Autographed Texts and Glossaries


Johannes de Moor and Spronk

Chaeremon, Egyptian Priest and Stoic Philosopher

The Fragments Collected and Translated with Explanatory Notes. Reprint with a Preface, Addenda et Corrigenda


Pieter W. van der Horst