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Travel Sketches from Liberia

Johann Büttikofer's 19th Century Rainforest Explorations in West Africa


Edited by Henk Dop and Phillip Robinson

In the 1880s a Swiss-born biologist, Johann Büttikofer, while working for the Royal Museum of Natural History in Leiden, The Netherlands, carried out two extended expeditions to Liberia, West Africa. In 1890 he published the results of his work in German in two-volumes, entitled Reisebilder aus Liberia (Travel Sketches from Liberia).
Büttikofer worked extensively in the forested regions of coastal Liberia and made the acquaintance of many prominent Liberians and other personalities of that era. His zoological work there is actually exceeded by his detailed descriptions of the state of Liberia some 50 years following its colonization by freed American slaves and their descendents. It constitutes the first comprehensive monograph on the Republic of Liberia.

Fred Punzo

This book covers many aspects of the biology of spiders including morphology, physiology, neurobiology, ecology, evolution, classification, natural history, and behavior. The physiology of all major systems are covered (integument, digestion, excretion and osmoregulation, neurophysiology, respiration and metabolism, circulation and hemolymph), as well as the biochemistry of spider silk and venom. Behavioral topics include, but are not limited to, foraging, dispersal, antipredator tactics, nest and web construction, communication, and social interactions. Topics on physiological ecology, habitat selection, diet composition, and community ecology are also addressed.
Additional ttopics include spider systematics and evolution, as well as the role of spiders in mythology and literature.

This publication has also been published in hardback, please click here for details.

Insects and Mites Feeding on Olive

Distribution, Importance, Habits, Seasonal Development, and Dormancy


Minos E. Tzanakakis

This review of literature includes an introduction on the origin of the olive tree and lists 116 species of insects and 30 species of mites known to infest it. It treats the geographical distribution, host plants, feeding habits, voltinism and seasonal history of 34 species of phytophagous insects as well as of 7 species of mites. Most of these are monophagous or oligophagous and closely associated with the olive tree. Of the species covered, 16 are Homoptera, one Hemiptera, one Thysanoptera, five Coleoptera, four Diptera, seven Lepidoptera, six Eriophyoidea and one Tetranychoidea.
The review shows that all species, except one, have a seasonal dormancy and for most of them diapause is certain or reasonably suspected to occur. Seasonal displacement does occur in a number of species, especially shortly before or after dormancy.
Differences of opinion on seasonal history between authors are pointed out and conclusions drawn based on the most convincing papers. Suggestions are made for further research on important, yet neglected aspects of the life history of olive arthropods.

Evolution, Function, Development and Causation

Tinbergen's Four Questions and Contemporary Behavioural Biology

Edited by Johan Bolhuis and Simon Verhulst

Ethologist and Nobel laureate Niko Tinbergen laid the foundations for the scientific study of animal behaviour when he formulated its four main problems: evolution, function, development and causation. Celebrating the fortieth anniversary of the publication of Tinbergen’s classic article ‘On aims and methods of ethology’, in this book an international cast of leading behavioural biologists reflect on the enduring significance of his groundbreaking proposals. Following a reprint of Tinbergen’s seminal paper on the famous ‘four why’s’, a contemporary perspective is presented on each of the four problems. In addition, two essays discuss the wider significance of recent trends in evolutionary psychology and neuroecology to integrate the four why’s. This wide ranging book, with a foreword by Aubrey Manning, will appeal to students and researchers in behavioural biology, experimental psychology and cognitive neuroscience.

The Larvae of Indo-Pacific Coastal Fishes. Second edition

An identification guide to marine fish larvae

Edited by Jeffrey Leis and Brooke Carson-Ewart

Now available in paperback, this second, revised volume in the Fauna Malesiana Handbook series gives an extensive overview of larval development in 125 fish families, many of which are important from both ecological and fishery perspectives. The families described are from the center of global marine biodiversity: the tropical Indo-Pacific, a region rich in coral reefs, as well as mangrove, estuarine, and coastal shelf habitats. This handbook covers fishes from all these habitats and not only documents their ontogeny, but also provides the means to identify their extraordinarily diverse larvae to the level of family. As well as detailed descriptive text, the book offers a wealth of instructive and detailed illustrations (219 plates, each consisting of approximately 4 figures) and an illustration-based identification guide. The book focuses on the tropical regions of the Indo-Pacific, but many of the 125 families also occur in other tropical waters as well as in warmer temperate seas, so this handbook will also be of great value for workers in these regions.

Richard Askew

This is the only book written in English to cover the entire European fauna, comprising 124 species of resident damselfly (Zygoptera) and dragonfly (Anisoptera), illustrated on the 30 plates of 219 colour figures. In most cases, both sexes as well as important variants are depicted, all enlarged.
In his Foreword to this revised edition, Professor Philip Corbet, Past-President of the Worldwide Dragonfly Association and doyen of British odonatists, states that, as a standard reference work, “it will continue to contribute importantly to the progress of odonatology.”
The author has made a few corrections to his original text, which covered 114 species of Odonata breeding in Europe, and has added a new Preface and an updating Supplement.
The Introduction, which is largely unchanged, includes chapters on History; Life History; the Adult Dragonfly; Distribution; Morphology of the Adult Dragonfly; a complete, updated Check List; and Keys to the suborders and families.
The Systematic section gives keys to the genera and species, with clear descriptions and details of the biology, flight periods, and distribution of all species found in Europe, with distribution maps showing national boundaries.
This is now followed by the Supplement, in which Dr Askew has added a further ten resident species, including one new to science, and several adventives. It also provides new information under the following headings: Nomenclature; Orthography; Thermoregulation; American species observed in Europe; Accidental Introductions into Europe; Other species newly recognized in Europe; Species new to the British Isles; Expansion of recorded ranges within Europe; Other new distribution records; and Contraction of recorded ranges. The author goes on to list major European and national literature on the Odonata published since 1988.
There are numerous line-drawings throughout the text and over 100 new references to the European literature have been added to the supplement bringing the total to over 650. The book concludes with a new Index to English and scientific names, incorporating all species, subspecies and synonyms cited in the revised text. There are two plates of colour photographs showing biology and habitats and the author has added a further colour plate to his original 29 plates of adult insects, depicting five of the new European species and one from North America.
In its new, slightly-reduced, softback format, this classic work, which has already sold 3000 copies, will be more practical in the field and should prove extremely popular with British and Continental odonatists.

Private Wildlife Conservation in Zimbabwe

Joint Ventures and Reciprocity


Harry Wels

This book is the first about private wildlife conservation and community involvement in Zimbabwe. It is a case study based on ethnographic fieldwork done in 1998. It focuses on the joint venture between a private wildlife conservation initiative, the Save Valley Conservancy, and its surrounding communities in terms of reciprocal exchange and the land question. It makes clear, amongst other things, that the current political tragedy in Zimbabwe about land did not start when Mugabe lost the referendum in February 2000. The book tries to offer an explanation for the unforgiving route that Mugabe has obviously taken in the land question, despite his words of reconciliation when he came to power in 1980. This book is of particular interest to students, practitioners and academics in the fields of (private) wildlife conservation, community participation and organisational co-operation.

Gerrit Karssen

The genus Meloidogyne Göldi, 1892, or root-knot nematodes, represent a relatively small but economically important group of obligate plant pathogens. They are distributed worldwide and parasitize on almost every higher plant species. While reproducing and feeding within roots, they induce galls or root-knots and disorder the physiology of the infected plant, reducing crop yield and product quality.
More than eighty nominal species have been described worldwide, while twenty species have been detected in Europe so far. This book includes a historical review on the genus, followed by a revision of the European species, and completed with a study on one of the most characteristic morphological structures within the genus: the perineal pattern.

A Manual of Bamboo Hybridization

INBAR Technical Report No. 21



All major crop plants have been subjected to genetic improvement, either by selection and propagation or by breeding. Bamboos have received scant attention from plant breeders despite their importance as crop plants due to their unpredictable and uncontrollable flowering habits and to a limited understanding of genetic variation amongst the existing species. The potential for new, improved bamboo hybrids is enormous. The demand for bamboo is increasing worldwide and the diversity of uses to which it is put is growing steadily. Increases in demand can be met by increasing the areas of bamboo plantations, but improvements in the quality of raw bamboo can only be met by selection and breeding.
Professor Zhang Guangchu of Guangdong Forestry Research Institute has worked on bamboo hybridization for almost thirty years and has amassed a wide range of skills and experience. She has produced hybrid bamboos that are now being grown commercially in South China. INBAR recently invited her to distil her experiences and make them available to a wider audience and this manual is the result. The manual refers primarily to the bamboos of southern China where the author is based, but the principles and techniques are applicable worldwide.
This manual is one of the products of INBARs Ecological Security programme, which aims to improve the genetic diversity, conservation and management of bamboo and rattan resources, and to promote their use in environmental protection and rehabilitation. It aims to be the catalyst for scientists, technicians, foresters, farmers and individuals to undertake bamboo hybridization in their own regions, to stimulate relevant research and to promote the wider acceptance and use of hybrid bamboos.


Edited by John Langmaid, A. Maitland Emmet and John Heath

Each volume in the very well known series The Moths and Butterflies of Great Britain and Irelandcontains special introductory chapters on important aspects of the study of British Lepidoptera; keys to families and species; a systematic section consisting of a full description, details of the life history, and a distribution map for each species, as well as structural drawings where nessesary. In addition, all species and significant variants are illustrated in colour. Also available in paperback (ISBN 978-09-46-58972-2).