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From Democratic Peace Theories to Forcible Regime Change
Author: Rein Müllerson
This book analyses the recent and on-going regime changes, their internal causes and the external factors that either stimulate or obstruct political reforms. Comparing today’s political reforms with the evolution of the political systems in the Western world, and especially with the sequencing of and congruence between the development of civil institutions and economic and political systems then and there, permits to reveal serious problems with the current attempts at regime change. A comparison of the processes started by Gorbachev in Russia and the Chinese reforms initiated by Deng Xiaoping, and the current situation in these countries and their respective positions in the world, highlights both the benefits and dangers of radical reforms. The second part of the book is devoted to the study of moral, legal and political aspects of various forms of external interference with the aim of influencing change.
The book is meant to elucidate the concept of justice and its dictates in the various fields of life as well as the implications of injustice. Human rights, the rule of law and democracy are the offspring of justice. The Judiciary is the agent of justice, the persona of justice, trusted to uphold justice in the ever-changing circumstances of life. Of old, justice was perceived as encompassing all virtues. It has a pananthropic character charting the way for symmetry in life and the ascent of man. The book has a lego-philosophical character of interest to every anthropological and societal discipline.
This volume is the product of the Centre for Studies and Research of the Hague Academy of International Law for 2007. A total of 23 young academics and practitioners from 16 countries participated in the Centre’s summer session, and all contributed to a very valuable scholarly exploration and exchange of views on a vital topic. The volume consists of the introductory reports of the two Directors of Studies (Professor D. Momtaz of the University of Teheran and Professor M.J. Matheson of George Washington Law School), together with contributions by 13 of the Centre participants that were deemed to be particularly worthy of publication, an extensive bibliography and a general index.
The topic for 2007 was “Rules and Institutions of International Humanitarian Law Put to the Test of Recent Armed Conflicts”. It reflects the fact that international humanitarian law has gone through a period of considerable expansion and development in the past two decades, including the conclusion of several new international humanitarian law conventions and codes of offences, the creation of a number of criminal tribunals to prosecute international humanitarian law violations, and the effort by the ICRC to produce a comprehensive elaboration of customary law in the field. But the topic also reflects the fact that this body of law has been seriously tested by the armed conflicts
of recent years, which have often been vast in scope, long in duration and severe in their human consequences. These conflicts have challenged both the norms themselves and the new institutions that have been created to enforce them.

Cet ouvrage est le fruit des travaux du Centre d’étude et de recherche de l’Académie de droit international de La Haye de 2007. Un total de vingt-trois jeunes enseignants et praticiens provenant de seize pays différents ont participé à la session d’été du Centre, et tous ont contribué à une exploration scientifique et à un échange de vues d’un grand intérêt sur un sujet essentiel. Ce volume comporte les rapports introductifs des deux directeurs d’études, ainsi que les contributions de treize participants au Centre qui ont été jugées particulièrement intéressantes pour être publiées, une bibliographie très étendue et un index général. Le sujet choisi pour 2007 a été « Les règles et les institutions du droit international humanitaire à l’épreuve des conflits armés récents ». Ce choix reflète le fait que le droit international humanitaire a connu une période d’expansion et de développements importants au cours des deux dernières décennies, y compris la conclusion de plusieurs nouvelles conventions et codes pénaux en cette matière, la création d’un certain nombre de juridictions pénales pour la répression des violations du droit international humanitaire, et les efforts du CICR en vue de circonscrire le droit coutumier dans ce domaine. Mais le choix de ce sujet reflète également le fait que ce corpus de droit a été sérieusement mis à l’épreuve par les récents conflits armés, lesquels ont souvent été vastes dans leur étendue, longs dans leur durée, et sévères dans leurs conséquences humaines. Ces conflits ont mis au défi à la fois les normes ellesmêmes et les nouvelles institutions créées pour les sanctionner.

Originally published as Colloques / Workshops – Law Books of the Academy, Volume 30.
Author: Veenhof
Author: Leemans
Author: Hugo Mantel
Author: L.M. Epstein
The Philonic Interpretation of Biblical Law in Relation to the Palestinian Halakah (1940)
Author: S. Belkin