Reprinted and available under ISBN 9789004254497 / E-ISBN 9789004261723.
Edited by Leanne Hinton and Kenneth Hale
Elizabeth Hume and Keith Johnson
Do human auditory perceptual abilities shape language sound structures? If so, what aspects of phonology may be driven by perception, and how should perceptually driven processes be captured in linguistic theory? These and similar questions have come to the forefront of linguistic research in the past decade because the technology used in speech perception research has become much more widely available and portable and because developments in constraint-based theories of phonology have made it possible to incorporate "perceptual constraints" into linguistic grammars. The "Role of Speech Perception in Phonology" is a collection of authoritative articles on the role of speech perception in phonology by leading phonologists, phoneticians, and cognitive psychologists. It presents a diverse range of views on the linguistic implications of speech perception research. It reports a number of new empirical research findings on speech perception. It provides definitive theoretical positions and contrasting viewpoints. It offers clearly defined implementation options.
De Bao Xu
In the 1990's, the focus of phonological studies has changed from rule-based analysis to constraint-based analysis. The study of Chinese phonology has also undergone such a change, as have other area studies in Generative Phonology. Why and how this change has occurred, the difference between the two kinds of analyses, and what has really happened in phonology after the change are the primary concerns of linguists and anyone interested in the study of Generative Phonology or other area studies in Generative Linguistics. To answer these questions, one must: review the developing process of the change; compare the two kinds of analyses in terms of their different frameworks and research focuses; and profile the studies in phonology (in any area studies) in recent years. "Chinese Phonology in Generative Grammar" is intended to offer such a review and comparison while outlining the studies in Chinese phonology. Eight unpublished papers written by seven authors are selected to cover the areas of field-work, dialectology, and synchronic studies of segmental and tonal systems of the Chinese language family. These papers are directly related to the theoretical issues in: the SPE Model; Lexical Phonology and Morphology; Autosegmental Phonology; Metrical Phonology; and Optimality Theory. By putting the study of Chinese phonology into the generative perspective, this collection provides useful data for further theoretical work and draw significant feedback to the theory of Generative Phonology. It reviews the theoretical development from rule-based analysis to constraint-based analysis in the study of Generative Phonology over the last three decades. It compares the two kinds of analyses with respect to their different frameworks and research focuses and their relations with each other in Generative Phonology. It profiles the study of Chinese phonology in recent years by putting it into the generative perspective.
Errors in the Perception of Casual Conversation
Occasionally, listeners' strategies for dealing with casual speech lead them into an erroneous perception of the intended message - a slip of the ear. When such errors occur, listeners report hearing, as clearly and distinctly as any correctly perceived stretch of speech, something that does not correspond to the speaker's utterance. This book describes and analyzes a collection of almost 1000 examples of misperceptions from real-life conversations. Its coverage includes: complete data set of misperceptions in casual conversation; language understanding in ordinary circumstances; and, classifications and descriptions according to linguistic properties.
Edited by Ken Turner
This volume examines explicitly the question of how the semantics and pragmatics of a number of expressions might be responsibly discussed. In the past, the temptation has been for the expressions in question to be discussed either in terms of the semantics, or in terms of the pragmatics, but extremely rarely in terms of both. This book shows how revealing analyses for this interface can be provided for the expressions in question. In specially commissioned chapters from leading authors, the points of view represented include linguistics, logic, computational linguistics, and philosophy.
From the Perspective of Constraint-Based Nonlinear Phonology
Joseph Stemberger and Barbara Bernhardt
This book combines a vast collection of data on phonological acquisition with close attention to Optimality Theory. It blends the studies of linguistics, psycholinguistics, and speech-language pathology in reference to phonological development. It also contains a step-by-step evaluation of competing theories while presenting a complete view of non-linear phonology, including adult grammar, psychological processing, first and second language acquisition, and inter-generational language changes. The authors focus on speech production rather than perception, emphasizing data from the period of real words. The many tables and phonological trees help to make this timely and useful study accessible to students and professionals alike. Among its key features it: addresses the full range of phonological patterns observed in children's speech; surveys patterns of development in children's speech; and provides the only existing single framework for children's phonological development.
William Ritchie and Tej Bhatia
The New Handbook of Second Language Acquisition is a thoroughly revised, re-organized, and re-worked edition of Ritchie and Bhatia's 1996 handbook. The work is divided into six parts, each devoted to a different aspect of the study of SLA. Part I includes a recent history of methods used in SLA research and an overview of currently used methods. Part II contains chapters on Universal Grammar, emergentism, variationism, information-processing, sociocultural, and cognitive-linguistic. Part III is devoted to overviews of SLA research on lexicon, morphosyntax, phonology, pragmatics, sentence processing, and the distinction between implicit and explicit knowledge. Part IV examines neuropsycholgy of SLA, another on child SLA, and the effects of age on second language acquisition and use. Part V is concerned with the contribution of the linguistic environment to SLA, including work on acquisition in different environments, through the Internet, and by deaf learners. Finally, Part VI treats social factors in SLA, including research on acquisition in contact circumstances, on social identity in SLA, on individual differences in SLA, and on the final state of SLA, bilingualism.
Physiology, Psychology, and Public Health
This volume is a comprehensive source of information on the fundamentals of hearing and sound physics. Using research from 1980 onward, this book is a critical review of past and up-to-date research findings and concepts on the effects of noise on people; it focuses on the psychological and physiological affects of noise on hearing and performance. This text elucidates the interrelations of the acoustical, physiological, psychological, and sociological factors that are involved in making noise a problem to individuals and societies. Also discussed are hearing loss, speech communications, annoyance, and health effects criteria for the limitation of exposures to noise in living and work areas. It covers: physical characteristics of sound and noise; acoustical-sensorineural response characteristics of the ear; basic psychological sensations and perceptions that ensue from analysis of sound and noise by the auditory system; laboratory and real-life research on the impairments to hearing, speech communication, task performance, and mental and bodily health that occur from exposure to noise; and, physical measures which predict adverse effects on hearing, behavior, and health from exposure to noise.
Structure, Variation, Change
This book is a comprehensive advanced introduction to linguistics, unique in its integration of variation and change with the more structural or synchronic topics. It includes chapters on variation and change in lexicon, phonology, and syntax. It also covers the topics of pidgins and creoles, on first and second language acquisition, on the development of language in the human species, and on the growth of writing, printing in information technology and how these have affected, and continue to affect, language. Key features include: integration of variation and change; new treatment of functional and typological approaches to syntax; emphasis on the widest possible diversity of languages. It offers alternative ways of looking at language.
Edited by Rosalind Horowitz and S. Jay Samuels
Written by respected researchers in their field, this book is about the skills beyond basic word recognition that are necessary for the processing and comprehension of spoken and written language. The major topics presented are as follows: language and text analysis; cognitive processing and comprehension; development of literacy; literacy and schooling; and, factors influencing listening and reading.