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The Glossary was designed primarily as a key to an understanding of the terms and terminology employed in Anglo-Chinese society at the turn of the twentieth century. It covers subjects as diverse as the origin of words (such as 'amok' and 'chop'), practices such as footbinding, consideration of the thoughts of Confucius, and many other items of interest and information. Against each entry the equivalent Chinese characters are given. First published in 1878, a third edition appeared in 1900.
Histories, Encounters, Identities
These essays argue that recentring Asia necessitates a revision not only of notions of Asia but also of the centre itself. On the one hand, recentring Asia asserts the centrality of overlooked Asian histories, encounters and identities to world history, culture and geopolitics. On the other hand, recentring provides a way to address and rethink the concept of the centre, a term critical to Asian Studies, area studies and, more broadly, to the study of globalization, postcolonialism, diaspora, modernism and modernity. Drawing on new approaches in these fields, Recentring Asia asks the reader to rethink the centre not as a single site towards which all is oriented, but as a zone of encounter, exchange and contestation.
Visions of the Future
Editor: Rebecca Empson
How do prophets and their prophecies influence the processes of decision-making, concepts of authority and ideas about causality and time? How can we talk about prophets and prophecy in the Mongolian cultural region when prophetic forms and people seem so varied? This book brings together anthropologists, historians and religious specialists to focus on the role of prophets and the distributed language of prophecy in relation to these questions. Central Asia has a longstanding tradition of prophets who have either challenged or collaborated with political leaders, and due to new uncertainties about the future, current interest in prophetic announcements has recently re-surfaced. This volume explores the arenas in which prophets and their prophecies have influenced the processes of decision-making, concepts of authority and ideas about causality and time in the Mongolian cultural region.
From Onon Bridge to Cambridge
The distinguished Mongolian scholar Urgunge Onon’s reminiscences offer a rare insight into the culture and lifestyle of a Daur Mongol in the first half of the twentieth century. Covering the years from his youth to middle age, the author offers a wide spectrum of experiences from a disappearing world, including everyday family life, shamanist customs, the role of the bonesetter, wolf hunting, falconry, folklore and some of the great legends of the past, including the story of ‘The Black Old Man’. He also recalls at length how he was kidnapped and held to ransom, his association with Prince Demchügdongrob and Mongolia’s fight for independence, as well as his relationship with the Japanese Imperial Army and wartime experiences in Japan. In 1948 he took his family off to the US and studied at Johns Hopkins University – the first Mongol to do so – and acquired US citizenship in 1957. In 1963 he moved his family to England and taught at the University of Leeds until his retirement in 1985, when he became a Visiting Fellow at Clare Hall, Cambridge, and helped to found the Mongolia and Inner Asia Studies Unit (MIASU). Onon’s reminiscences have deepened over time and will be welcomed by students of Mongolian history and culture as well as those familiar with his earlier writings on shamanism and his childhood.
Ki and Ri in Chinese and Japanese Thought. A Survey
Ki emerged first and is the thread that runs through the millennia of Chinese philosophy. Ri was added later in Sung times and, together, ki and ri became the mainstay and core of Chinese beliefs in Sun (960-1279), Ming (1279-1644) and Ch’ing (1644-1911) times. In this remarkable and inspirational study, researched over many years, the author takes the view that ki can profitably be compared with European philosophy. In China, the ki thread appears as an original ‘primal ki’ ( genki), which is the source of all things and affairs. The search is for the whole. In Greece, and later in Europe, the thinking goes in the opposite direction: it searches for the exact truth in the independent units of the cosmos, the atoms, the truth being found in the part. The study has three separate but interrelated parts. Part I delineates the ki and ri philosophy as it developed in China; Part II presents Confucian study and learning in Tokugawa Japan (1600-1868); Part III finishes with conclusions about things East and West and the situation in today’s world. From Taoism to Einstein will have wide appeal to students of Eastern religion and philosophy, as well as students of East Asian history and political science, and Chinese and Japanese studies in general.
A Major Philosophy of Life in East Asia
This book provides an outline and an appraisal of Confucianism as a system of ideas and beliefs that evolved during the past 3 millennia and continue to do so. Its roots are traced back to pre-Confucian times, followed by a detaled examination of some 40 Confucian thinkers. It also describes the social context of evolution of Confucian thought.
Editor: Edwina Palmer
To what extent are our futures likely to be determined by our traditions from the past? Asian Futures, Asian Traditions is a collection of conference papers by scholars of Asian Studies, who explore the topics of continuity and change in Asian societies through essays in history, politics, gender studies, language, literature, film, performance and music. Recurring among the themes of the book are the invention and reinvention of tradition, nostalgia, issues of national and ethnic identity, colonial heritage, nationalism, ‘reform,’ and the effects of globalizing economies. Both the power and the precariousness of several Asian economies are revealed in studies of the ‘Asian Economic Crisis’ of the late 1990s and the conversion of some communist states to ‘market socialism.’
A Function of Language, Power and Violence
During the Chinese Cultural Revolution from 1967 to 1969, some 16,000 Mongolians died and over a quarter of a million suffered injury during the purge of what was claimed to be a separatist party in the Inner Mongolian region. This study looks at the purge through an analysis of the voices found in contemporary documents – those of Red Guard groups, local leaders felled during the campaign, and the new leaders put in place by the central government in Beijing. At the heart of this was the struggle for domination by a central government asserting national unity, opposed to any expression of local particularities in Inner Mongolia. The author examines the discourse strategies by which central government attempted to impose total control , asserting a dominant ideology and narrative based on Marxism-Leninism. The volume offers a unique insight into the relationship between language and culture of political power in modern China, at a time of crisis and violence.
The Force Within
Ki, or inner energy, has been a propelling force in Japanese culture, religion and martial arts for centuries. The 1980s and 1990s were notable for increasing interest in Ki in self-fulfilment. The book includes pictures of ki’s healing powers as well as ki in action in Aikido.
This is the first history of Mongolia available in English which benefits from access to historic data that only became available following the collapse of the socialist regime in 1990. Accordingly, it highlights the role of international politics, especially the former Soviet Union, Russia, China and Japan, in the shaping of modern Mongolia’s history. The volume actually comprises three ‘books’. Book One, entitled 'The Steppe Warriors', offers a history of Mongolia up to the 1911 revolution; Book Two, entitled ‘Incarnations and Revolutionaries’ addresses political developments in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries (1920s); Book Three, entitled ‘A Puppet Republic’ provides an in-depth analysis of the 1920s and 30s, concluding with the 1939 Haslhyn Gol Incident, The Second World War, the Post-war Map of Asia and the Fate of Mongolia’s Independence.