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Editor: Michael Waibel
Edited by Michael Waibel

With the contribution of / avec la collaboration de:
M. M. Albornoz
R. Ben Khelifa
G. Bianco
E. Castellarin
A. De Luca
S. De Vido
F. Giansetto
F. Ghodoosi
A. Hertogen
C. Kleiner
H. Kupelyants
R. Rajesh Babu
C. J. Rault
A. Viterbo
Plusieurs phénomènes justifient de jeter un éclairage sur le concept de citoyenneté en droit international. D’un côté la mobilité des personnes, qui s’est accentuée dans la dernière partie du vingtième siècle, s’est traduite par la multiplication des nationalités multiples. D’un autre côté, le phénomène migratoire souvent lié à des crises, contribue à perpétuer la situation d’apatridie, et à interpeller le droit international. Mais un processus tel que l’internationalisation des droits de l’homme, peut aussi avoir un impact sur le droit de la nationalité. Par ailleurs, dans le cadre d’organisations régionales, on assiste à l’émergence de nouvelles formes de citoyenneté. Ce phénomène s’ajoutant à la persistance de citoyennetés historiques contribute à questionner le concept de citoyenneté en droit international.
Pour tenter d’y apporter des réponses, cet ouvrage envisage d’abord des aspects théoriques communs, qui se posent au niveau universel, avant de développer des aspects au niveau régional. Il essaie ainsi d’enrichir une réflexion en cours dans la communauté scientifique et au-delà, relative aux questions liées à la nationalité et à la citoyenneté.

Several trends justify why it is worth analysing the concept of citizenship in international law. On the one hand, human mobility enhanced in the last decades of the twentieth century contributed largely to the multiplication of multiple citizenship. The phenomenon of migration, often linked to crises, fosters statelessness and presents new challenges to international law. The internationalization of human rights can accordingly have an impact on the law of nationality. Moreover, within the framework of regional organizations, new forms of citizenship are emerging. This phenomenon, going hand in hand with the traditional, historybased citizenship is also contributing to the challenges that the concept of citizenship faces in international law.
Attempting to get answers to these questions, the volume tackles first common theoretical aspects at a universal level to be followed later by the analysis of the regional aspects. It tries to deepen the ongoing discussion in the scientific community and among the greater public on nationality and citizenship issues.
Author: Jonathan Vroom
In The Authority of Law in the Hebrew Bible and Early Judaism, Vroom identifies a development in the authority of written law that took place in early Judaism. Ever since Assyriologists began to recognize that the Mesopotamian law collections did not function as law codes do today—as a source of binding obligation—scholars have grappled with the question of when the Pentateuchal legal corpora came to be treated as legally binding. Vroom draws from legal theory to provide a theoretical framework for understanding the nature of legal authority, and develops a methodology for identifying instances in which legal texts were treated as binding law by ancient interpreters. This method is applied to a selection of legal-interpretive texts: Ezra-Nehemiah, Temple Scroll, the Qumran rule texts, and the Samaritan Pentateuch.
A Re-Assessment of the Influence of Deuteronomism in Genesis
Author: Megan Warner
In Re-Imagining Abraham: A Re-Assessment of the Influence of Deuteronomism in Genesis Megan Warner revisits the tradition that Genesis was edited by editors sympathetic to the theology of the Deuteronomist. On the basis of close, contextual readings of the four passages most commonly attributed to (semi-)Deuteronomistic hands, Warner argues that editorial use of Deuteronomistic language and themes points not to a sympathy with Deuteronomistic theology but rather to a sustained project to review and even subvert that theology. Warner’s ‘re-imagining’ of Abraham demonstrates how Israel’s forebear was ‘re-imagined’ in the post-exilic context for the purpose of offering the returning exiles a way forward at a time when all the old certainties, and even continued relationship with Yahweh, seemed lost.
Despite global undertakings to safeguard the full enjoyment of human rights, culture, traditional practices and religion are widely used to discriminate against women. In this volume 17 scholars approach women’s human rights globally, regionally and nationally, combining the perspectives of public and private international law in a hitherto unique manner. Comprehensive legal, culture-based and theoretical overviews are combined with analyses of topical issues, such as unbalanced sex-ratios, intercountry adoption, women as refugees or as “surrogate mothers”, violence against women and cross-border enforcement of protection orders.

Si les droits de l’Homme font l’objet d’un grand nombre d’instruments conventionnels universels et régionaux, leur effectivité et leur efficacité ne
sont pas encore acquises comme l’illustre ce volume consacré à la question de la discrimination. A travers des chapitres qui mêlent des approches de droit privé et de droit public, des considérations juridiques, politiques, religieuses, économiques et sociales et qui offrent une analyse globale de certaines thématiques liées à la discrimination fondée sur le genre, l’ambition de cet ouvrage est de souligner les visages divers qu’elle revêt ainsi que les solutions juridiques plus ou moins efficaces qui ont été mises en place par les Etats, les organisations internationales et la société civile pour y remédier.

Originally published as Colloques / Workshops – Law Books of the Academy, Volume 37.
International migration and refugee protection are at a crossroads. On the one hand, contested rules and the absence of competent institutions open the door to exploitation, smuggling and trafficking, and also to inefficient, often ineffective management at the State level; on the other, long-accepted rules of refugee protection, such as non-refoulement, are under strain as States struggle to cope with increasing numbers of the displaced and an international infra-structure seemingly incapable of dealing adequately with causes, including conflict, of promoting solutions and sharing responsibility fairly and equitably, and of ensuring protection of the rights of those on the move.
This collection of essays could not be more timely. Coming from a wide range of backgrounds and experience, the authors take up these issues, from the very nature of migration and displacement in a world of sovereign States, through tentative efforts to improve migration management by way of treaty, to the ever-present tension between individual rights and State interests.
This volume provides essential reading for anyone interested in the burning questions of today, and in the role of international law in steering coherent responses and facilitating humane solutions.

La migration internationale et la protection des réfugiés sont à un tournant. D’un côté, des règles contestées et l’absence d’institution compétente ouvrent la porte à l’exploitation et au trafic de contrebande, ainsi qu’à une gestion étatique inefficace. D’un autre côté, des règles concernant la protection des réfugiés acceptées depuis longtemps, comme le principe de non-refoulement, sont mises à mal car les Etats ont du mal à gérer le nombre grandissant de personnes déplacées. De plus, l’infrastructure internationale est incapable de gérer de façon adéquate les causes, tels que les conflits, ou de promouvoir des solutions et de partager la responsabilité de façon juste et équitable, ainsi que d’assurer la protection des droits des personnes en déplacement.
Ce recueil d’essais arrive à point nommé. Les auteurs viennent d’horizons très variés et tentent d’aborder ces problématiques en partant de la nature même de la migration et du déplacement dans un monde d’Etats souverains en essayant d’apporter des solutions afin d’avoir une meilleure gestion de la migration par des traités, en observant la tension entre les droits individuels et les intérêts des Etats.
Ce volume est incontournable pour quiconque s’intéresse à ce sujet d’actualité, et plus particulièrement au rôle du droit international dont on attend des réponses cohérentes et des solutions humaines.

Originally published as Colloques / Workshops – Law Books of the Academy, Volume 36.

With a contribution of:
C. d’Orsi
J. Pina-Delgado
S. Iglesias Sánchez
J. Silga
F. Baetens
F. Ippolito
E. Papastavridis
C.-A. Chassin
J. Beqiraj
P. Wojcikiewicz Almeida
F. Zorzi Giustiniani
J. Ríos Rodríguez
S. Scarpa
B. M. Metou
E. Hostettler
E. Salamanca Aguado
V. Moreno-Lax
Settlement and Territory at Old Babylonian Alalah
Author: Jacob Lauinger
Legal texts recording the purchase or exchange of entire settlements are among the most important cuneiform tablets discovered at Old Babylonian/Middle Bronze Age (Level VII) Alalah. Following the Man of Yamhad is the first book-length study of these legal texts and the socio-economic practice that they document. The author explores the nature of the alienated settlements, the rights enjoyed by their owners, the underlying system of land tenure, and the larger political context in which the transactions occurred. The study is supported by extensive collations and up-to-date editions of relevant legal and administrative texts. Its conclusions will be of interest to anyone working on the history, society, and economy of the Bronze Age Near East.
Composition, Reception, and Interpretation
Written by leading experts in the field, The Book of Exodus: Composition, Reception, and Interpretation offers a wide-ranging treatment of the main aspects of Exodus. Its twenty-four essays fall under four main sections. The first section contains studies of a more general nature, including the history of Exodus in critical study, Exodus in literary and historical study, as well as the function of Exodus in the Pentateuch. The second section contains commentary on or interpretation of specific passages (or sections) of Exodus, as well as essays on its formation, genres, and themes. The third section contains essays on the textual history and reception of Exodus in Judaism and Christianity. The final section explores the theologies of the book of Exodus.
The present book investigates three short late Mamluk treatises about land properties (waqf) in the Palestinian city of Hebron, which the prophet Muhammad granted to Tamīm al-Darī. The treatise entitled Ḍawʾ al-sārī li-maʿrifat ḫabar Tamīm al-Dārī by al-Maqrīzī (d. 845/1442) is the core of the book. It is edited here for the first time on the sole basis of the copy corrected by the author. A facsimile of the manuscript is also provided at the end of the book. In order to illuminate the discourse on property rights and donation that prevailed in the Mamluk period and al-Maqrīzī’s position, two additional treatises dealing with the same issue are included. The first is al-Ǧawāb al-ǧalīl ʿan ḥukm balad al-Ḫalīl by Ibn Ḥaǧar al-ʿAsqalānī (d. 852/1448). The second is al-Faḍl al-ʿamīm fī iqṭāʿ Tamīm by al-Suyūṭī (911/1505). The three texts are fully translated and annotated and preceded by a thorough introduction.
Editor: Per Sevastik
The overall objective of this unique volume is to understand what effects globalisation has had on the traditional views of sovereignty, seen from a
Chinese and European, primarily Swedish, perspective. Does the cultural-historical approach have any value in China today or is it only seen
as political reminiscence with very little real effects in the wake of globalisation? What are the differences between different understandings of
sovereignty in different parts of the world? How has the concept changed generally because of a different international structure, with for example
regional integration gaining in importance not least in Europe? These are some of the underlying questions being addressed in this anthology.
The authors are Chinese and Swedish scholars who offer reflections from the perspective of legal philosophy, public international law, international human rights law, economic law and international relations.