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How does milk become cow milk, donkey milk or human milk? When one closely explores this question, the species difference between milks is not as stable as one might initially assume, even if one takes an embodied perspective. To show this, this book takes readers through an ethnographic comparison of milk consumption and production in Croatia in a range of different social settings: on farms, in mother-infant breastfeeding relations, in food hygiene documentation and in the local landscape. It argues that humans actually invest considerable work into abstracting and negotiating milks into their human and animal forms.
This is a ground-breaking philosophical-historical study of the work of Galen of Pergamum. It contains four case-studies on (1) Galen’s remarkable and original thoughts on the relation between body and soul, (2) his notion of human nature, (3) his engagement with Plato’s Timaeus, (4) and black bile and melancholy. It shows that Galen develops an innovative view of human nature that problematizes the distinction between body and soul.
This book presents an analysis of the social aspects of Carl Gustav Jung's thought and its followers, the interpretation of the phenomena of contemporary social life (social imagery) from the perspective of the main categories of this thought (archetype, unconscious, collectivity, mass society, mass man). It also contains an attempt of their application for understanding contemporary social and political phenomena (e.g. Brazilian sebastianism, Balkan conflicts, virtual-imagery sphere of communication, figures of imagery in popular culture, and others). The authors examine the relationship between Jung’s and Jungians' (E. Neumann, J. Hillman, J. L. Henderson) conceptions and many accompanying them (e.g. Frankfurt school, Bachelard’s philosophy, American cultural psychoanalysis) and the background of contemporary conceptions of social psychology, sociology, and cultural anthropology.
This book makes the attempt to wed reason and the poetic. The tool for this attempt is Rational Poetic Experimentalism (RPE), which is introduced and explored in this book. According to RPE, it makes sense to look for poetic elements in human reality (including reason), outside of the realm of imaginative literature. Provocatively, RPE contends that philosophy’s search for truth has not been a great success so far. So, why not experiment with philosophical concepts and look for thought-provoking ideas by employing the principles of RPE, instead of fruitlessly searching for truths using conventional methods?
In 1906, Jan Łukasiewicz, a great logician, published his classic dissertation on the concept of cause, containing not only a thorough reconstruction of the title concept, but also a systematization of the analytical method. It sparked an extremely inspiring discussion among the other representatives of the Lvov-Warsaw School. The main voices of this discussion are supplemented here with texts of contemporary Polish philosophers. They show how the concept of cause is presently functioning in various disciplines and point to the topicality of Łukasiewicz’s method of analysis.
Urbanisation and (Neo-)Colonialism in Transatlantic Context
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What do struggles over pipelines in Canada, housing estates in France, and shantytowns in Martinique have in common? In Urban Revolutions, Stefan Kipfer shows how these struggles force us to understand the (neo-)colonial aspects of capitalist urbanization in a comparatively and historically nuanced fashion. In so doing, he demonstrates that urban research can offer a rich, if uneven, terrain upon which to develop the relationship between Marxist and anti-colonial intellectual traditions. After a detailed dialogue between Henri Lefebvre and Frantz Fanon, Kipfer engages creole literature in the French Antilles, Indigenous radicalism in North America and political anti-racism in mainland France.
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This volume explores the influence of the Socratic legacy in the Russian, East European, and Soviet contexts. For writers, philosophers, and artists, Socrates has served as a potent symbol—of the human capacity for philosophical reflection, as well as the tumultuous (and often dangerous) reality in which Russian-speaking and Soviet intellectuals found themselves. The thirteen chapters include surveys of historical periods and movements (the 18th century, Nietzscheanism, and the “Greek Renaissance” of Russian culture), studies of individual writers and philosophers (Skovoroda, Herzen, Dostoevsky, Rozanov, Bely, Narbut, and many others), and investigations of Socratic subtexts (e.g., in Bulgakov’s Master and Margarita and Nosov’s Neznaika series for children). The volume concludes with a “Socratic Texts” section of new translations. The plurality of these topics demonstrates the continued relevance of the Socratic myth not only for Russian-speaking culture, but for the world.
Die Idee der Energie in der französischen Spätaufklärung (1770–1820). Aus dem Französischen von Heinz Thoma
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Die erstmalige Übersetzung eines Standardwerks zur Geschichte der Idee der Energie im Übergang vom 18. zum 19. Jahrhundert.
Diese Ideengeschichte löst eingeführte Sichtweisen auf das Zeitalter der Aufklärung auf. Sie konstatiert am Beispiel der Energie einen Bruch mit der Kultur des Klassizismus, zieht neue Verbindungslinien zur Romantik, löst tradierte Gegensätze von Idealismus und Materialismus, Tugend und Libertinage, Empfindsamkeit und Grausamkeit auf und erlaubt einen neuen Blick auf die Epoche der Terreur.
The Hadhrami Arabs in the Netherlands East Indies and Indonesia (1900-1950)
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In In Search of Identity: The Hadhrami Arabs in the Netherlands East Indies and Indonesia (1900-1950) Huub de Jonge discusses changes in social, economic, cultural and national identity of Arabs originating from Hadhramaut (Yemen) in the Netherlands East Indies and Indonesia. Within the relatively isolated and traditionally oriented Hadhrami community, all sorts of rifts and divisions arose under the influence of segregating colonial policies, the rise of Indonesian nationalism, the Japanese occupation, and the colonial war. The internal turmoil, hardly noticed by the outside world, led to the flourishing of new ideas, orientations, loyalties and ambitions, while traditional values, customs, and beliefs were called into question.
Die Frage nach sozialer Integration und die Idee Performativer Sozialphilosophie
Um zu vermeiden, soziale Integration nach Maßgabe eurozentrisch-assimilativer Narrative aufzufassen, ist die Konstitution sozialer Ordnung als eine performative Praxis leiblicher Verkörperung zu begreifen. Dann nämlich hat man das Fremde zwischen uns anzuerkennen und zwar als die je individuelle Realität des Leiblichen. Die Anerkennung der fremden und insofern unverfügbaren Realität leiblichen Seins muss einer exklusionskritischen Politik sozialer Integration als ethische Richtschnur dienen. Dementsprechend erweitert die Performative Sozialphilosophie klassische diskurstheoretische Auffassungen des Performativen um eine leib-phänomenologische Dimension. Ferner ergänzt sie die zeitgenössischen post-anthropologischen Konzeptionen des Sozialen um eine anthropologische Kritik. Schließlich gilt es die performative Verkörperung sozialer Ordnung vor dem Hintergrund der spezifischen Natur humaner Leiblichkeit zu verstehen.