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الأخلاق الإسلامية ونسق الائتمانية: مقاربات في فلسفة طه عبد الرحمن
Volume Editors: Mohammed Hashas and Mutaz al-Khatib
Islamic Ethics and the Trusteeship Paradigm explores the emerging ethical theory of the trusteeship paradigm as developed by the Moroccan philosopher Taha Abderrahmane (b. 1944). The volume, with contributions in English and Arabic, examines the development of this modern Islamic theory of ethics and how it permeates various disciplines: philosophy, theology, legal theory, Sufism, moral theory, sociology and anthropology, communication, environment and biomedical ethics. The trusteeship paradigm aims to make ethics the compass of human thinking and action in order to overcome the predicaments humanity faces and realize a more just and balanced world. This makes of it one of the principal and profound ethical theories in Islamic scholarship that engages both classical and modern thought.

Contributors: Mutaz al-Khatib, Mostafa Amakdouf, Mohamed Amine Brahimi, Assia Chekireb, Abdelmounim Choqairi, Issam Eido, Hicham El Makki, Amin El-Yousfi, Adil Et-Tahiri, Ramon Harvey, Mohammed Hashas, Eva Kepplinger, Mohamed Ourya, Harald Viersen.

يدرس كتاب الأخلاق الإسلامية ونسق الائتمانية الفلسفة الأخلاقية للفيلسوف المغربي طه عبد الرحمن (و. 1944م)، والتي بدأ الاشتغال عليها منذ أواخر سبعينيات القرن الماضي. يضم الكتاب مساهمات باللغتين العربية والإنجليزية تعالج تطور النظرية وتطبيقاتها وحدودها في المجالات الآتية: الفلسفة وتاريخ الأفكار، وفلسفة الدين وعلم اللاهوت، والتشريع والفقه، والتصوف، والأخلاق، والسوسيولوجيا والأنثروبولوجيا، وعلم التواصل والبيئة، والأخلاق الطبية. يحاول نسق الائتمانية جعل الأخلاق روح الفعل والقول الإنساني بدلاً من الاكتفاء بالعقل المجرد الذي يُفقد الوجود الإنساني جوهره الأخلاقي. وبهذا يُعتبر نسق الائتمانية واحدا من أهم المدارس الفكرية التي تساهم في فتح أفق فكري إنساني أرحب انطلاقًا من الأخلاقية الإسلامية وروحها العقلانية النقدية.

المساهمون: مصطفى أمقدوف، محمد أوريا، محمد أمين البراهمي، محمد حصحاص، معتز الخطيب، عبد المنعم الشقيري، آسيا شكيرب، عادل الطاهري، عصام عيدو، هارالد فيرسن، إيفا كابلينغر، هشام المكي، رامون هارفي، أمين اليوسفي.
Abrégé arabo-latin de l’Éthique à Nicomaque d’Aristote. Édition critique, traduction française et introduction
Editor / Translator: Frédérique Woerther
This volume contains the first critical edition of the Summa Alexandrinorum, that is the medieval Latin translation made in 1243 by Hermann the German of an Arabic abridgment of the Nicomachean Ethics known as the Iḫtiṣār al-Iskandarānīyīn. It is accompanied by a French translation. The volume also contains a full study of the manuscript tradition of the Latin text and sets out the principles used in the edition, which takes account, where necessary, of the Arabic version of the text, which has survived in the form of fragments. A study of the origin of the Summa Alexandrinorum and the relations between the Summa and the fragments and testimonies which are extant in other traditions and different languages completes the volume.

Ce volume propose la toute première édition critique, accompagnée d’une traduction française, de la Summa Alexandrinorum, traduction latine médiévale exécutée en 1243 par Hermann l’Allemand d’un abrégé arabe de l’ Éthique à Nicomaque connu sous le titre d’ Iḫtiṣār al-Iskandarānīyīn. Il présente également une étude complète de la tradition manuscrite du texte latin, et les principes d’édition adoptés dans l’édition, qui prennent en compte, ponctuellement, la version arabe du texte qui a été conservée sous la forme de fragments. L’étude de l’origine de la Summa Alexandrinorum et des relations entre la Summa et les fragments et témoignages conservés dans d’autres langues et appartenant à autant de traditions parallèles et diverses vient compléter ce volume.
Author: Amin El-Yousfi

Abstract

In this chapter, I argue that Taha Abderrahmane’s concept of trusteeship (iʾtimāniyya) that I describe as worldly based, humanly shouldered and divinely led, is not only producing a discourse within the realm of Islamic discursivity, but it is nurturing conceptually the “anthropology of Islam” by defining the “correct model.” Abderrahmane’s “original unity” between taʿabbud (worship) and tadbīr (management) gives a clear definition of the source of ethical practice. I would illustrate how the concept of iʾtimāniyya is a necessary philosophical base to study some crucial aspects of the reality of faith that are downplayed by the works of Talal Asad (b. 1932), Saba Mahmood (1962–2018) and others who belong to the so called “ethical turn” in anthropological studies. In other words, in the absence of the “trusteeship paradigm” (al-unmūdhaj al-iʾtimānī) as a tool for analysis, MacIntyre’s (b. 1929) Aristotelian moral philosophy and the Foucauldian understanding of ethics, power and discourse that Asad and Mahmood based their framework on remain insufficient and to a certain extent misleading to the understanding of Muslim subjectivities.

In: Islamic Ethics and the Trusteeship Paradigm: Taha Abderrahmane’s Philosophy in Comparative Perspectives
In: La Summa Alexandrinorum
In: La Summa Alexandrinorum
In: La Summa Alexandrinorum

Abstract

While various Arab-Islamic modernist projects have proclaimed issues like politics and political authority, education, public culture, religious thought and institutions as the starting points for reforms, other projects have taken ethics as the starting point for any possible renewal, be it theoretical or practical, intellectual or political. This introductory chapter contextualises this discussion, following this outline. First, it briefly refers to the place of ethics in classical and early modern Arab-Islamic thought, touches on the reformist thought of the so-called Arab renaissance (nahḍa) of the late 19th century, focuses on the scholarship of the first half of the 20th century, and discusses the new trajectories of ethical thought and studies in the second half of the 20th century, i.e. the post-1967 era. Second, four major reflective notes on the trusteeship paradigm of Taha Abderrahmane as a modern robust theory of ethics are made. This in order to clarify the scope of the paradigm, to open new scopes of reflection and research around the issue of ethics and modernity. The chapter ends by presenting a summary of the book content.

In: Islamic Ethics and the Trusteeship Paradigm: Taha Abderrahmane’s Philosophy in Comparative Perspectives
In: La Summa Alexandrinorum
In: La Summa Alexandrinorum