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The Authority of Law in the Hebrew Bible and Early Judaism

Tracing the Origins of Legal Obligation from Ezra to Qumran

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Jonathan Vroom

In The Authority of Law in the Hebrew Bible and Early Judaism, Vroom identifies a development in the authority of written law that took place in early Judaism. Ever since Assyriologists began to recognize that the Mesopotamian law collections did not function as law codes do today—as a source of binding obligation—scholars have grappled with the question of when the Pentateuchal legal corpora came to be treated as legally binding. Vroom draws from legal theory to provide a theoretical framework for understanding the nature of legal authority, and develops a methodology for identifying instances in which legal texts were treated as binding law by ancient interpreters. This method is applied to a selection of legal-interpretive texts: Ezra-Nehemiah, Temple Scroll, the Qumran rule texts, and the Samaritan Pentateuch.

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Edited by Maarit Jänterä-Jareborg and Hélène Tigroudja

Despite global undertakings to safeguard the full enjoyment of human rights, culture, traditional practices and religion are widely used to discriminate against women. In this volume 17 scholars approach women’s human rights globally, regionally and nationally, combining the perspectives of public and private international law in a hitherto unique manner. Comprehensive legal, culture-based and theoretical overviews are combined with analyses of topical issues, such as unbalanced sex-ratios, intercountry adoption, women as refugees or as “surrogate mothers”, violence against women and cross-border enforcement of protection orders.

Si les droits de l’Homme font l’objet d’un grand nombre d’instruments conventionnels universels et régionaux, leur effectivité et leur efficacité ne
sont pas encore acquises comme l’illustre ce volume consacré à la question de la discrimination. A travers des chapitres qui mêlent des approches de droit privé et de droit public, des considérations juridiques, politiques, religieuses, économiques et sociales et qui offrent une analyse globale de certaines thématiques liées à la discrimination fondée sur le genre, l’ambition de cet ouvrage est de souligner les visages divers qu’elle revêt ainsi que les solutions juridiques plus ou moins efficaces qui ont été mises en place par les Etats, les organisations internationales et la société civile pour y remédier.

Originally published as Colloques / Workshops – Law Books of the Academy, Volume 37.

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Edited by Guy S. Goodwin-Gill and Philippe Weckel

International migration and refugee protection are at a crossroads. On the one hand, contested rules and the absence of competent institutions open the door to exploitation, smuggling and trafficking, and also to inefficient, often ineffective management at the State level; on the other, long-accepted rules of refugee protection, such as non-refoulement, are under strain as States struggle to cope with increasing numbers of the displaced and an international infra-structure seemingly incapable of dealing adequately with causes, including conflict, of promoting solutions and sharing responsibility fairly and equitably, and of ensuring protection of the rights of those on the move.
This collection of essays could not be more timely. Coming from a wide range of backgrounds and experience, the authors take up these issues, from the very nature of migration and displacement in a world of sovereign States, through tentative efforts to improve migration management by way of treaty, to the ever-present tension between individual rights and State interests.
This volume provides essential reading for anyone interested in the burning questions of today, and in the role of international law in steering coherent responses and facilitating humane solutions.

La migration internationale et la protection des réfugiés sont à un tournant. D’un côté, des règles contestées et l’absence d’institution compétente ouvrent la porte à l’exploitation et au trafic de contrebande, ainsi qu’à une gestion étatique inefficace. D’un autre côté, des règles concernant la protection des réfugiés acceptées depuis longtemps, comme le principe de non-refoulement, sont mises à mal car les Etats ont du mal à gérer le nombre grandissant de personnes déplacées. De plus, l’infrastructure internationale est incapable de gérer de façon adéquate les causes, tels que les conflits, ou de promouvoir des solutions et de partager la responsabilité de façon juste et équitable, ainsi que d’assurer la protection des droits des personnes en déplacement.
Ce recueil d’essais arrive à point nommé. Les auteurs viennent d’horizons très variés et tentent d’aborder ces problématiques en partant de la nature même de la migration et du déplacement dans un monde d’Etats souverains en essayant d’apporter des solutions afin d’avoir une meilleure gestion de la migration par des traités, en observant la tension entre les droits individuels et les intérêts des Etats.
Ce volume est incontournable pour quiconque s’intéresse à ce sujet d’actualité, et plus particulièrement au rôle du droit international dont on attend des réponses cohérentes et des solutions humaines.

Originally published as Colloques / Workshops – Law Books of the Academy, Volume 36.

With a contribution of:
C. d’Orsi
J. Pina-Delgado
S. Iglesias Sánchez
J. Silga
F. Baetens
F. Ippolito
E. Papastavridis
C.-A. Chassin
J. Beqiraj
P. Wojcikiewicz Almeida
F. Zorzi Giustiniani
J. Ríos Rodríguez
S. Scarpa
B. M. Metou
E. Hostettler
E. Salamanca Aguado
V. Moreno-Lax

Ḍawʾ al-sārī li-maʿrifat ḫabar Tamīm al-Dārī (On Tamīm al-Dārī and His Waqf in Hebron)

Critical edition, annotated translation and introduction by Yehoshua Frenkel

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Edited by Yehoshua Frenkel

The present book investigates three short late Mamluk treatises about land properties (waqf) in the Palestinian city of Hebron, which the prophet Muhammad granted to Tamīm al-Darī. The treatise entitled Ḍawʾ al-sārī li-maʿrifat ḫabar Tamīm al-Dārī by al-Maqrīzī (d. 845/1442) is the core of the book. It is edited here for the first time on the sole basis of the copy corrected by the author. A facsimile of the manuscript is also provided at the end of the book. In order to illuminate the discourse on property rights and donation that prevailed in the Mamluk period and al-Maqrīzī’s position, two additional treatises dealing with the same issue are included. The first is al-Ǧawāb al-ǧalīl ʿan ḥukm balad al-Ḫalīl by Ibn Ḥaǧar al-ʿAsqalānī (d. 852/1448). The second is al-Faḍl al-ʿamīm fī iqṭāʿ Tamīm by al-Suyūṭī (911/1505). The three texts are fully translated and annotated and preceded by a thorough introduction.