Browse results

You are looking at 1 - 10 of 123 items for :

  • Mathematics & Computer Sciences x
  • All content x
Clear All

How Language Informs Mathematics

Bridging Hegelian Dialectics and Marxian Models

Series:

Dirk Damsma

In How Language Informs Mathematics Dirk Damsma shows how Hegel’s and Marx’s systematic dialectical analysis of mathematical and economic language helps us understand the structure and nature of mathematical and capitalist systems. More importantly, Damsma shows how knowledge of the latter can inform model assumptions and help improve models.

His book provides a blueprint for an approach to economic model building that does away with arbitrarily chosen assumptions and is sensitive to the institutional structures of capitalism. In light of the failure of mainstream economics to understand systemic failures like the financial crisis and given the arbitrary character of most assumptions in mainstream models, such an approach is desperately needed.

The Language of Mathematics Education

An Expanded Glossary of Key Terms and Concepts in Mathematics Teaching and Learning

Series:

Shannon W. Dingman, Laura B. Kent, Kim K. McComas and Cynthia C. Orona

The Language of Mathematics Education: An Expanded Glossary of Key Terms and Concepts in Mathematics Teaching and Learning offers mathematics teachers, mathematics education professionals and students a valuable resource in which common terms are defined and expounded upon in short essay format. The shared vocabulary and terminology relating to mathematics teaching and learning, and used by mathematics educators is an essential component of work conducted in the field.

The authors provide an overview of more than 100 terms commonly used in mathematics teaching and learning. Each term is defined and is followed by a short overview of the concept under discussion that includes several bibliographic references the reader can use for further investigation. In addition to terms specific to the domain of mathematics education, select key terms common across all fields of education (e.g., curriculum, epistemology, metacognition) are included. The goal for this book is to serve as a resource for those entering the field as they navigate the language and terminology of mathematics education and as an asset for more established professionals who wish to gain additional insights into these ideas.

The Narrative of Mathematics Teachers

Elementary School Mathematics Teachers’ Features of Education, Knowledge, Teaching and Personality

Edited by Dorit Patkin and Avikam Gazit

The issue of mathematics teaching and its impact on learners' attainments in this subject has continuously been on the public agenda. The anthology of chapters in this book consists of varied up-to-date studies of some of the best mathematics education researchers and mathematics teaching experts, exploring the varied aspects of this essential. The book depicts the elementary school mathematics teachers' world while relating to three aspects which comprise the professional environment of mathematics teachers: Teachers' education and teachers' knowledge, Teaching and Teachers' personality. The chapters are written on a level which addresses and might interest a wide readership: researchers, in-service teachers, pre-service teachers, parents and learners.

Series:

John McNutt, Chao Guo, Lauri Goldkind and Seongho An

Information and communication technologies (ICT) are major forces shaping our current age. ICT affects many areas of human existence and influences the both human wellbeing and human evil. The nonprofit sector is already heavily involved in technology both as a way to pursue its mission and as an influential factor in the evolution of the sector. This article examines how technology affects the sector and how the sector uses technology in its work.
The article begins with a discussion of how the emerging information society will change the nonprofit sector. The sector that we know is grounded on our experience in the agrarian and industrial periods in the United States and Europe. We then explore how technology evolved in the sector. This is followed by an examination of technology and nonprofit organizational behavior. Technology changes the organizations that make use of its capacities. Next is a discussion of the types of technology that nonprofit organizations use. The final three sections deal with technology and social change, technology in nonprofit settings, and issues and trends. This article provides the reader with a current appreciation of the scholarly and professional literature on ICT in the nonprofit sector.

Series:

Edited by Walter Krämer and Katharina Morik

Big Data, Data Science, maschinelles Lernen – Begriffe, die auf Daten und ihren Wert für vielfältige Anwendungen hinweisen. Wem nützen die Daten? Wer darf sie nutzen? Wie werden wissenschaftlicher Fortschritt, Erfolg im ökonomischen Wettbewerb und Schutz der Privatsphäre gleichzeitig erreicht? Der Sammelband gibt die Referate einer Fachtagung der Nordrhein-Westfälischen Akademie der Wissenschaften und der Künste wieder, mit Beiträgen aus der Informatik, Statistik, Medizin, den Ingenieursdisziplinen, Rechts- und Wirtschaftswissenschaften. Damit beteiligt sich die Akademie an der dringend nötigen Diskussion, wie den Herausforderungen durch die heutigen Möglichkeiten der Datensammlung und -nutzung zu begegnen ist.

Series:

Friedhelm Meyer auf der Heide

Die Nordrhein-Westfälische Akademie der Wissenschaften und der Künste ist eine Vereinigung der führenden Forscherinnen und Forscher des Landes. Sie wurde 1970 als Nachfolgeeinrichtung der Arbeitsgemeinschaft für Forschung des Landes Nordrhein-Westfalen gegründet. Die Akademie ist in drei wissenschaftliche Klassen für Geisteswissenschaften, für Naturwissenschaften und Medizin sowie für Ingenieur- und Wirtschaftswissenschaften und in eine Klasse der Künste gegliedert.

Mit Publikationen zu den wissenschaftlichen Vorträgen in den Klassensitzungen, zu öffentlichen Veranstaltungen und Symposien will die Akademie die Fach- und allgemeine Öffentlichkeit über die Arbeiten der Akademie und ihrer Forschungsstellen informieren.

Series:

Angela Stevens

Die Nordrhein-Westfälische Akademie der Wissenschaften und der Künste ist eine Vereinigung der führenden Forscherinnen und Forscher des Landes. Sie wurde 1970 als Nachfolgeeinrichtung der Arbeitsgemeinschaft für Forschung des Landes Nordrhein-Westfalen gegründet. Die Akademie ist in drei wissenschaftliche Klassen für Geisteswissenschaften, für Naturwissenschaften und Medizin sowie für Ingenieur- und Wirtschaftswissenschaften und in eine Klasse der Künste gegliedert.

Mit Publikationen zu den wissenschaftlichen Vorträgen in den Klassensitzungen, zu öffentlichen Veranstaltungen und Symposien will die Akademie die Fach- und allgemeine Öffentlichkeit über die Arbeiten der Akademie und ihrer Forschungsstellen informieren.

Series:

Andreas Schumann

Die Nordrhein-Westfälische Akademie der Wissenschaften und der Künste ist eine Vereinigung der führenden Forscherinnen und Forscher des Landes. Sie wurde 1970 als Nachfolgeeinrichtung der Arbeitsgemeinschaft für Forschung des Landes Nordrhein-Westfalen gegründet. Die Akademie ist in drei wissenschaftliche Klassen für Geisteswissenschaften, für Naturwissenschaften und Medizin sowie für Ingenieur- und Wirtschaftswissenschaften und in eine Klasse der Künste gegliedert.

Mit Publikationen zu den wissenschaftlichen Vorträgen in den Klassensitzungen, zu öffentlichen Veranstaltungen und Symposien will die Akademie die Fach- und allgemeine Öffentlichkeit über die Arbeiten der Akademie und ihrer Forschungsstellen informieren.

Series:

Edited by Ahti-Veikko Pietarinen

This is the first book to collect research on game-theoretic tools in the analysis of language with particular reference to semantics and pragmatics. Games are significant, because they pertain equally to pragmatics and semantics of natural language. The book provides an overview of the variety of ways in which game theory is used in the analysis of linguistic meaning and shows how games arise in pragmatic as well as semantic investigations. The book is a balanced combination of philosophical, linguistic, logical and mathematical argumentation. The book has an introductory and a concluding chapter, written by the editor, to give a gentle introduction to the topics covered in the book and to provide wider conclusions and prospects arising from the individual essays.
The major topics covering the field of game theory and linguistic meaning included in the book are: language games, Wittgenstein evolutionary language games communication games, Grice games of partial information equilibrium semantics game-theoretic semantics logical modelling, and generalised quantifiers the semantics/pragmatics distinction. It includes international contributions from known leaders in the field. It is part of the Current Research in Semantics/Pragmatics Interface series.

F. Rodenas, P. Mayo, D. Ginestar and G. Verdú

One method successfully employed to denoise digital images is the diffusive iterative filtering. An important point of this technique is the estimation of the stopping time of the diffusion process. In this paper, we propose a stopping time criterion based on the evolution of the negentropy of the ’noise signal’ with the diffusion parameter. The nonlinear diffusive filter implemented with this stopping criterion is evaluated by using several noisy test images with different statistics. Assuming that images are corrupted by additive Gaussian noise, a statistical measure of the Gaussianity can be used to estimate the amount of noise removed from noisy images. In particular, the differential entropy function or, equivalently, the negentropy are robust measures of the Gaussianity. Because of computational complexity of the negentropy function, it is estimated by using an approximation of the negentropy introduced by Hyv¨arinen in the context of independent component analysis.