Until recently, only one specimen from the series of syntypes of the Cape Verde Cane Warbler Acrocephalus brevipennis, collected by H. Dohrn and J.G. Keulemans in 1865, was known to be still in existence. Another specimen belonging to this series has now been discovered in the collections of the Berlin museum. Some additional information on the Dohrn-Keulemans collection is given, based on listings in the old catalogues of this museum.
C.J. Hazevoet and S. Fischer
In a comparison of basic reproductive variables (number of teats, litter size, and duration of pregnancy) in the Madagascan Tenrecinae, some striking features (hyperthelia, litter size) are observed in Tenrec ecaudatus Lacépède, 1799 and the genus Hemicentetes Mivart, 1871. These variations are compared to Setifer setosus Froriep, 1806 and Echinops telfairi Martin, 1838. Tenrec ecaudatus gives birth to litters at intervals shorter than what was once believed to be the duration of pregnancy. This could be due either to superfetation, or to giving birth to one litter in two or more installments.
Netherlands biospeleological explorations in Turkey, 5
Jean-Paul Henry, Guy Magniez and Jos Notenboom
Asellus aquaticus is present in 19 of about 100 Turkish groundwater stations prospected during biospeleological explorations. All specimens of these stygophilic populations remain oculate, even though their integumental pigmentation is more or less reduced.
Paul L.Th. Beuk
The species of Orientopsaltria with unicolorous opercula and three related species of Platylomia are transferred to the genus Dundubia and allocated in the ‘Dundubia jacoona assemblage’ pending further investigation. The assemblage comprises eleven species in total; all are found in the Indo-Malaysian Archipelago, Indo-China, and the adjoining parts of China and India. The four species which were until now placed in Orientopsaltria are D. feae (Distant, 1892), D. jacoona (Distant, 1888), D. nigripes (Moulton, 1923), and D. oopaga (Distant, 1881). The three species transferred from Platylomia are D. hainanensis (Distant, 1901), D. nagarasingna Distant, 1881, and D. spiculata Noualhier, 1896. These seven species are all redescribed. Four species are described as new: D. ayutthaya, D. laterocurvata, D. myitkyinensis and D. sinbyudaw. Seven species are synonymized: O. andersoni (Distant, 1883) with D. oopaga, D. bifasciata Liu, 1940 with D. hainanensis, O. hastata (Moulton, 1923) and D. siamensis Haupt, 1918 with D. spiculata, O. fratercula (Distant, 1912) and D. helena Distant, 1912 with D. nagarasingna, and D. longina Distant, 1917 with D. feae. Lectotypes are designated for the following species: Cosmopsaltria andersoni, C.feae, C. fratercula, C. hastata, C. nagarasingna, C. nigripes, C. oopaga, D. helena, D. longina, and D. spiculata. A key to the males is presented and the distributions of the species are discussed. The relationships of the D. jacoona assemblage with Dundubia, Platylomia, and the remaining species of Orientopsaltria are discussed. The species of the D. jacoona assemblage most likely do not form a monophyletic group on their own but rather with Dundubia s. str.
Thomas Glatzel and Horst Kurt Schminke
In the course of a cohort study of Parastenocaris phyllura several matings were observed under a microscope and recorded on video. In Parastenocaris phyllura no “precopulatory mate guarding” was found. Each mating behaviour comprises three phases and lasts for about 15 minutes, during which time the male actively moves its antennulae and antennae, pereiopods 1, 2, 3, 4, and furcal rami. The female is held in a characteristic position by the male and is entirely passive during the process.
Frank Fiers, Janet W. Reid, Thomas M. Iliffe and Eduardo Suárez-Morales
Four previously unknown hypogean species of cyclopoid copepods were collected in cenotes and wells of the Yucatán Peninsula, Mexico. Diacyclops chakan sp. n. and D. puuc sp. n. differ from their congeners in combining 3-segmented swimming legs, 11-segmented antennules, and legs 1–4 endopodite segment 2 all with 2 setae. Species of Diacyclops rarely occur in tropical regions, and the Diacyclops described here are only the second and third species recorded from Mexico. The benthic D. puuc was found in the large underground reservoir of a cenote. Diacyclops chakan was encountered in such large open subterranean water basins, but more frequently and abundantly in wells.
Odette Afonso, Jean-Paul Henry and Guy Magniez
From now on, the genus Bragasellus Henry & Magniez, 1968 includes 2 oculated and 17 stygobiotic species. As a natural and monophyletic taxonomic unit, we consider it a good genus.
Peter Romanow, Walter Poduschka and Werner Deutsch
The Russian Desman Desmana moschata (Linnaeus, 1758) is a highly endangered semiaquatic mammal, confined to disjunct areas. Between 1983 and 1992 several specimens were kept and investigated, firstly in the zoological garden of Moscow (4 ♀ ♀, 1 ♂), and afterwards in the field station of the former Soviet-Russian Academy of Sciences at Cernogolovka (1 ♀, 4 ♂ ♂). Parallel to this, numerous extended field trips to the huge wetlands of the Oka Reserve allowed the verification of the results obtained in captivity.
Frederick A. Sundberg
An analysis of duplomere ( = segment) distribution within the cephalon, thorax, and pygidium of Cambrian trilobites was undertaken to determine if the Arthropod Pattern Theory (APT) proposed by Schram & Emerson (1991) applies to Cambrian trilobites. The boundary of the cephalon/thorax occurs within the predicted duplomere node 1 (duplomeres 4 or 6). The boundary between the thorax and pygidium generally occurs within node 2 (duplomeres 11–13) and node 3 (duplomeres 18–20) for corynexochids and ptychopariids, respectively. This boundary occurs within field 4 (duplomeres 21–n) for olenellids and redlichiids. The termination of the body generally occurs within node 3 for corynexochids and within field 4 for olenellids, redlichiids, and ptychopariids. In addition, the location of macropleural spines, which may indicate the location of the gonopores or anus, generally falls at the predicted duplomeres. The boundary between the prothorax and opisthothorax of olenellids occurs within or near node 3. These results indicate that the number and distribution of duplomeres within Cambrian trilobites were somewhat constrained by some genetic patterning program. However, the common distribution of boundaries outside of the predicted locations and the possible shifting of nodes suggest that other factors were also controlling the number of duplomeres within the body parts. This variation supports the idea that Cambrian arthropods, unlike modern arthropods, had a simpler genetic program, which easily allowed for changes in the Bauplan.
P. Barranco, J. Cabrero, J.P.M. Camacho and F. Pascual
Morphological and cytogenetic analyses of a spontaneous gynandromorph of Pycnogaster inermis, found in a natural population in the Spanish Sierra Nevada, have shown that the left side was male and the right side female, with almost perfect bilateral symmetry. Ventral valves of the ovipositor were very short, appearing as two spurs; dorsal valves were longer but still shorter than normal. The specimen had an apparently normal testis on the left side and a well-developed ovary on the right side.