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Author: Junqing Wu

Abstract

Buddhist monks were commonly portrayed as seducers and even rapists in late sixteenth-century vernacular literature, including, most commonly, courtroom tales (gong’an 公案). Do these stories reflect a deterioration in clerical morality and behavior, or a decline in Buddhist faith and practice, as is sometimes argued? Neither explanation is credible. I argue that the image of monks in courtroom tales should be understood as a literary convention, growing out the burgeoning market for entertainment literature, rather than a window onto social reality. It also reflects an increasing male anxiety about the control of women.

In: T'oung Pao
In: Bulletin of Chinese Linguistics
In: Bulletin of Chinese Linguistics
Author: Nathan W. Hill

The prevailing internal reconstruction of the Classical Tibetan verbal system accounts for all ablaut phenomena as innovations triggered by erstwhile segmental affixes. The traditional account cannot be correct, because the paradigms of nine verbs show -o- in the present stem without g- and a further three verbs show g- in the present without -o-.

In: Bulletin of Chinese Linguistics
In: Bulletin of Chinese Linguistics

This paper proposes the use of network techniques in the exploration of Old Chinese phonology as reflected in the phonophoric determinatives of xiéshēng 諧聲 characters. We use the approach to examine five specific proposals in Chinese historical phonology, and whether the distinctions suggested by these proposals can be said to be recoverable on the basis of phonophoric choice. The major finding is that the type A versus type B distinction is in some cases encoded in the choice of phonophoric determinative, while other distinctions are only spuriously if at all reflected in the phonophoric subseries.

In: Bulletin of Chinese Linguistics
Author: 李子 鶴

提要

方言比較的證據顯示原始納西語存在複輔音。以往的研究已經構擬了原始納西語的前冠音*C1-和鼻冠音。進一步將書面藏語與原始納西語對應的結果顯示︰*C1-只與書面藏語m-、’-兩個前冠音對應;鼻冠音與書面藏語除b-外所有前冠音都有對應。*C1-和鼻冠音與書面藏語的對應都有明確的語音條件。與*C1-對應的既有語音性的前冠音,也有語法性的前缀。

In: Bulletin of Chinese Linguistics
Author: 杜佳 倫

提要

本文藉由彙整、析論古漢語「抴/曳」與「掣」的語義用法及其所處語詞孳生脈絡,對照閩南、閩東若干方言相關語詞的語義用法及其發展演變,閩南方言以廈門話、台灣閩南語為例,閩東方言則以福州話、馬來西亞詩巫閩清話為例,進而探究兩者之間密切的源流關係以及方言內部的個別發展。我們一方面彙整閩南方言tsʰua7、tsʰuaʔ4 具體的語義用例,同時也列舉閩東方言相應語詞的語義用例;另一方面藉由爬梳古漢語文獻來詳細探究漢語詞「抴/曳」與「掣」的語義用法以及其音義孳乳關係;最後從歷史音韻規則與語義對應關係,辨析漢語詞「抴/曳/掣/泄」在閩語的發展與演變。

In: Bulletin of Chinese Linguistics