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Edited by Cornelia M. Ridderikhoff and Hilde De Ridder-Symoens

The four Livres des procurateurs de la nation germanique de l’Université d’Orléans (1444-1602) are a unique source for the history of European universities. The quarterly reports of the presidents of the association of law students allow us to reconstitute in detail the everyday life of students from the Germanic countries during the Renaissance. From the published first , second and third Livres between 1444-1587 (same authors, Brill 1971-2013) it appears that the alumni got key positions in Church and State in their homelands. The reports of the fourth Livre for the years 1587-1602 describe the fortunes of the German Nation and the University and offer a unique look at the role of Orleans and its graduates in the religious wars and the growing confessionalisation of Europe.

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Edited by Ilana Zinguer and Myriam Yardeni

The many ways in which the two major religious movements of the Reformation and the Counter Reformation - the Protestant and the Catholic - were diffused are brought forth through individual and collective efforts in the fields of the arts, literature, education, liturgy and rituals, preaching, propaganda, debates and polemics. The authors of this volume have used methods of cultural history, historical anthropology, history of communications, and micro-history to reveal a common source in the methods of propaganda, with the emphasis on what is inherent to the religious catholic sensibilities on the one hand, and the protestant view of the world on the other.

With contributions by Denis Crouzet, Francis Higman, Marianne Carbonnier-Burkard, Marc Vénard, Bernard Roussel, Jean Loup Lemaître, Alain Tallon, Leonardo Cohen, Nadine Kuperty-Tsur, Max Engammare, François Lestringant, Nicole Hochner, Raymond A. Mentzer, Robert Sauzet, Myriam Greilsammer, Nicole Lemaitre, Jacques Le Brun, Pierre Bonniffet, Edith Weber, Roger Zuber, Jean-François Gilmont, Isabelle Martin and Gabriel Guarino.

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Jacques V. Pollet

This book retraces the life and work of Julius Pflug (1499-1564), humanist, man of the church and diplomat. Born from a family of Saxon knights, Julius Pflug was educated mostly in Italy under such masters as Amaseo and Bonamico - hence his excellent Latin style, which even Erasmus admired. During his ecclesiastical career he was provost of Zeitz, dean of Meissen and bishop of Naumburg-Zeitz. As such he attended the Council of Trient in its second period (1551/52). Pflug has attracted the attention of historians mostly on account of his role in the so-called Colloquies of religion designed to put an end to the religious schisms which divided the Church as well as the Empire: Regensburg (1541 and 1546), Worms (1557), over which he presided. After the Peace of Augsburg (1555), he was only able to save the remnants of Catholicism in his own diocese.
The interest of this biography is twofold: firstly, it allows us to survey the progress of the Lutheran Reformation, which Catholic apologists such as Pflug, Gropper, Witzel were unable to stop. Secondly, as Pflug was entangled in all the political and religious events of his time, this book reveals a wide range of personalities in Saxony and Germany, and imperial circles at large. On the other hand, if Pflug's work belongs to a period of transition, it retains through its irenic character an interest of topicality, while opinion is more sensitive to conciliation than to opposition of confessional differences.
Following the analysis of the sources due to the publication of Pflug's Correspondence by the same author (published by Brill 1969-1982), this monograph gives a more synthetic view, which addresses itself to a larger public.
Ce livre est une biographie de Julius Pflug (1499-1564), humaniste, homme d'Eglise et diplomat. D'une famille de chevalier saxons, Julius recut une formation humaniste auprès des maîtres italiens; son latin est d'une pureté classique qu'admirait même Erasme. Il eut un carrière ecclésiastique: prévot de Zeitz, doyen de Meissen, enfin évêque de Naumburg-Zietz. A ce titre, il assista au Concile de Trente dans sa 2ème période. L'histoire a retenu surtout son rôle dans les Colloques de religion, où il seconda la politique impériale de rapprochement entre Catholiques et Luthériens: Ratisbonne (1541 et 1546), Worms (1557). Depuis la Paix d'Augsbourg (1555), il ne put que tenter de sauver les restes cu catholicisme dans son diocèse.
L'intéret de cette biographie est double: c'est d'abord de nous faire assister au progrès de la Réforme luthérienne que les apologistes catholiques, tels que Pflug, Gropper, Witzel, ne parvinrent pas à endiguer; ensuite, comme Pflug a été mêlé à tous les événements politiques et religieux de son temps, nous sommes mis par ce biais en relation avec les personnalités marquantes, tant en Saxe qu'en Allemagne et dans les cercles impériaux.
Par ailleurs, si l'oeuvre de Pflug appartient à une période de transition, elle regagne par son irénisme un intérêt d'actualité, alors que l'opinion est plus sensible à la conciliation au'à l'opposition des différences confessionelles. C'est pourquoi à l'analyse des sources fournies par la publication de la Correspondance de Julius Pflug (6 vol.) devait succéder la synthèse sous forme d'étude à la fois biographique et théologique. Celle-ci s'adresse à un public élargi, aussi bien spécialistes de la Réforme que lettrés et étudiants intéressés par l'histoire allemande à l'orée de l'âge moderne.

La France et la Méditerranée

Vingt-sept siècles d'interdépendance

Edited by Malkin

France and the Mediterranean are two terms of which, paradoxically, the latter Is easier to define. As Fernand Braudel so aptly stated, "France is diversity".
France was never one and the same throughout the ages, from the time of Greek Marseilles and the roman Galliae, through the political, ethnic, linguistic and cultural metamorphoses of the Middle Ages and the early modern period, until the apparent unity of the present-day republic.
At the same time this book indicates that "France and the Mediterranean" is a valid subject for a historical study during every period, in spite of the ambiguity of the terms.
The link between France and the Mediterranean is discussed in this book form various aspects: historiography, urban and economic life, population movements and colonisation, nations and minorities, ideologies and images, powers and conquests. This wide coverage aims to show that France and the mediterranean, taken together, constitute a valid historical concept.

L'Orient Romanesque en France 1704-1789, Tome III

L’Idée de Progès l’Orient

Marie-Louise Dufrenoy