This publication emerges from a process of co-creation in which
historian Maartje Janse and research journalist Anne-Lot Hoek challenge the
dominant national narrative about the colonial experience in the Dutch East
Indies (present-day Indonesia). In combining journalistic and academic writing
with musical performance by musician Ernst Jansz they amplify the critical
voices that have spoken out against colonial injustice and that have long been
ignored in public and academic debate. Even though it is often suggested that
the mindset of people in the past prevented them from seeing what was wrong with
things we now find highly problematic, they argue that there was indeed a
tradition of colonial criticism in the Netherlands, one that included the voices
of many ‘forgotten critics’ whose lives and criticism are the subject of this
publication. The voices however were for a long time overlooked by Dutch
historians. The publication is organized around the biographies of several
critics (whose lives Janse and Hoek have published on before), the historical
debate afterwards and includes reflective videos and texts on the process of
Maartje Janse started the process by tracing the life history of an outspoken
nineteenth-century critic of the colonial system in the Dutch East Indies,
Willem Bosch. The authors argue that it was not self-evident how criticism of
colonial injustices should be voiced and that Bosch experimented with different
methods, including organizing one of the first Dutch pressure groups.
The story of Willem Bosch inspired Ernst Jansz, a Dutch musician with Indo roots,
to compose a song (‘De ballade van Sarina en Kromo’). It is an interpretation of
an old Malaysian ‘krontjong’ song, that Jansz transformed into a protest song
that reminds its listeners of protest songs of the 1960s and 1970s. Jansz, in
his lyrics, adds an indigenous perspective to this project. He performed the
song during the Voice4Thought festival in 2016, a gathering that aimed to
reflect upon migration and mobility in current times. Filmmaker Sjoerd Sijsma
made a video ‘pamplet’ in which the performance of Ernst Jansz, an interview
with Maartje Janse, and historical images from the colonial period have been
Anne-Lot Hoek connected Willem Bosch to a series of twentieth-century
anti-colonial critics such as Dutch Indies civil servant Siebe Lijftogt,
Indonesian nationalists Sutan Sjahrir, Rachmad Koesoemobroto, Dutch writer Rudy
Kousbroek and Indonesian activist Jeffry Pondaag. She argues that dissenting
voices have been underrepresented in the post-war debates on colonialism and its
legacy for decades, and that one of the main reasons is that the notion of the
objective historian was not effectively problematized for a long time.
Drawing inspiration from two theoretical framings: a sociocultural perspective on languaging and writings on a decolonial-turn, the study presented in this paper center-stages issues related to the need to engage analytically with, (i) social actions of political parties, citizens, including netizens in Web 2.0 settings, and (ii) alternative epistemologies where issues from the global-South are privileged. A central concern of decolonial linguistics enables asking new questions that destabilize established Eurocentric models of language. Thus, peripherally framed sociocultural premises contribute to critical social-humanistic perspectives that allow for (potentially) unpacking northern hegemonies and contributing to global-North challenges. Building upon an analytical design, this paper presents cross-disciplinary analysis of languaging in contemporary political mediascapes of the nation-states of India and Sweden. Bringing to bear that language does not only mirror reality, but is also a constitutive culturaltool, the study aims to highlight the contrastive ways in which the dominating political parties and citizens engage with languaging (i.e. the deployment of semiotic resources across language-varieties, modalities, including imagery). The study unpacks similarities and differences in salient issues related to the nature of social media and language and identity-positions in political discourse, highlighting dimensions of the participants voices. Thus, patterns that emerge from the contrastive analysis of political discourses, including the features of social media are highlighted and discussed. Data includes social media pages of two political parties from both the nation-states across a 6-week period at the end of 2017.
This paper explores changing land values in the process of rapid urbanization in Dhaka, Bangladesh and its implications for urban land management and administration in the megacity. The study reveals that substantial increase in land values have resulted in land speculation among real estate and individual developers. Land values have increased by an average of 22.26% per year between 1990 and 2000, while the period spanning from 2000 to 2010 saw about 74% of yearly increase in Dhaka. The study revealed that due to increasing land values, prospective real estate developers are tempted to build housing in restricted areas defined by Dhaka metropolitan development plan such as flood zones, lakes, canals, ditch and drainage channels etc. The paper proposes a re-look at the causes of increase in land values and land speculations and the resulting environmental damage pointed out in this study as part of a broad urban land and environmental management strategy in rapidly growing megacities.
What Politics? Youth and Political Engagement in Africa examines the diverse experiences of being young in today’s Africa. It offers new perspectives to the roles and positions young people take to change their life conditions both within and beyond the formal political structures and institutions. The contributors represent several social science disciplines, and provide well-grounded qualitative analyses of young people’s everyday engagements by critically examining dominant discourses of youth, politics and ideology. Despite focusing on Africa, the book is a collective effort to better understand what it is like to be young today, and what the making of tomorrow’s yesterday means for them in personal and political terms.
Contributors are: Ehaab Abdou, Abebaw Yirga Adamu, Henni Alava, Päivi Armila, Randi Rønning Balsvik, Jesper Bjarnesen, Þóra Björnsdóttir, Jónína Einarsdóttir, Tilo Grätz, Nanna Jordt Jørgensen, Marko Kananen, Sofia Laine, Naydene de Lange, Afifa Ltifi, Ivo Mhike, Claudia Mitchell, Relebohile Moletsane, Danai S. Mupotsa, Elina Oinas, Henri Onodera, Eija Ranta, Mounir Saidani, Mariko Sato, Loubna H. Skalli, Tiina Sotkasiira, Abdoulaye Sounaye, Leena Suurpää, and Mulumebet Zenebe.
To explore a new de-colonial option for the global future, this article grapples with three movements of our time: the ‘Open Science’ movement, the 1955 African-Asian conference and the Non-Aligned Movement, and the post-exilic prophetic movement of the Abrahamic religions. It explores an alternative intellectual project which will facilitate new research agendas and publication directions that will simultaneously speaks to the three wider audience of the present-day world: the sciences, the Global South and the Abrahamic religious traditions. My objective is to delineate a theological, geopolitical and anthropological exposition as an ethical anchorage for the present Bandung project to steadily move towards the Open Science era. I will argue for Ezekiel’s prophetic model as a plausible de-colonial option for crafting the transnational open knowledge space.