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In: The Year’s Work in Modern Language Studies
In: The Year’s Work in Modern Language Studies
In: The Year’s Work in Modern Language Studies
In: The Year’s Work in Modern Language Studies
In: The Year’s Work in Modern Language Studies
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Abstract

In this chapter, I claim that the English participial suffix - EN (as in written, closed, etc.) is the default inflection for English verbs when no other suffix is selected by the verb’s immediate syntactic environment, explaining the occurrence of - EN in a puzzlingly heterogeneous variety of contexts. Contrary to previous literature, I argue against any role for - EN in passivization. I claim instead that the auxiliary be is critically involved in marking the lack of agentivity in English passives. Even this aspect of the passive construction is a relatively superficial feature of English though, since it does not hold in languages that express passive synthetically as a verbal inflection, rather than analytically.

Open Access
In: Passives Cross-Linguistically
Understanding the Needs of Writers across the Lifecourse
Volume Editors: , , and
In Writing Development in Struggling Learners, international writing researchers provide critical insights into the development of writing skills for individuals who struggle to become profi cient writers. This edited volume takes a life course view and examines concepts for development of writing skills with a focus on where learners struggle, why this may occur for those without and without specifi c learning disorders, how to identify these learners and what we can do to facilitate effi cient writing. Throughout the volume, struggling learners are presented via a holistic lens; contributors succinctly synthesize the literature base and present insights into the current state of the science and areas of future need and advancement.
In: Writing Development in Struggling Learners