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أخلاق العناية في الإسلام: الرعاية الصحية عند نهاية العمر والاحتضار والموت
Volume Editor:
Modern biomedical technologies managed to revolutionise the End-of-Life Care (EoLC) in many aspects. The dying process can now be “engineered” by managing the accompanying physical symptoms or by “prolonging/hastening” death itself. Such interventions questioned and problematised long-established understandings of key moral concepts, such as good life, quality of life, pain, suffering, good death, appropriate death, dying well, etc. This volume examines how multifaceted EoLC moral questions can be addressed from interdisciplinary perspectives within the Islamic tradition.

Contributors
Amir Abbas Alizamani, Beate Anam, Hamed Arezaei, Asma Asadi, Pieter Coppens, Hans Daiber, Khalid Elzamzamy, Mohammed Ghaly, Hadil Lababidi, Shahaboddin Mahdavi, Aasim Padela, Rafaqat Rashid and Ayman Shabana.

تمكنت التكنولوجيا الحديثة في المجالات الطبية والحيوية من إحداث ثورة في مجال الرعاية الصحية عندما يكون المريض على مشارف نهاية العُمْر. فأصبح من الممكن الآن «هندسة» بعض جوانب مرحلة الاحتضار، وذلك بإدارة الأعراض الجسدية المصاحبة ومحاولة تأخير أو تعجيل حدث الوفاة. وقد أثار هذا النوع من التدخلات الطبية أسئلة وإشكالات معقدة حول عدد من المفاهيم الأخلاقية ضاربة الجذور في التراث الإسلامي خاصة، وفي الإرث الإنساني عامة، كمفاهيم: الحياة الطيبة وجودة الحياة والألم والمعاناة والميتة الصالحة. تقدم البحوث المنشورة في هذا الكتاب نماذج لكيفية معالجة هذه الأسئلة والإشكالات المتعددة الجوانب من خلال النظر في عدد من العلوم الإسلامية والمجالات المعرفية ذات الصلة.

المساهمون
حامد آرضائي، وأسماء أسدي، وبياته أنعم، وعاصم پادلا، وهانس دايبر، ورفقات رشيد، وخالد الزمزمي، وأمير زماني، وأيمن شبانة، ومحمد غالي، وپيتر كوپنس، وهديل لبابيدي، وشهاب الدين مهدوي.

Abstract

Recurrent and concurrent crises call for new development paradigms, as dominant theories of economic development are not fostering equity or sustainability. We argue that part of the reason is that the conceptualization of development, and the resulting metrics driving decision-making, are narrow. Building on work that proposes adding values/ethics as a fourth pillar to development, along with economic, environmental, and social pillars, this article presents an Islamic perspective of how values-based development would differ from the dominant, contemporary forms. While rooted in a specific perspective and worldview, it has great relevance as approximately a quarter of humanity adheres to the faith. We offer a holistic, values-based approach to development, drawing on classical foundations and contemporary lessons, rooted in a different epistemic and ideological orientation. On this basis, we highlight five values that could be the foundation for re-orienting development: vicegerency, justice, excellence, tranquility, and freedom. Integrating these values in a fourth, values-based pillar of development alters the conceptualization and the metrics of development, resulting in processes driven by different objectives for individuals and societies.

Open Access
In: Journal of Islamic Ethics

Abstract

It is commonly accepted that the definition of knowledge is not among the main epistemological concerns of the period between Plato and Edmund Gettier. Kalām is an exception to the rule. Kalām scholars provide a detailed philosophical analysis of the difference between knowledge and mere true belief. In this article, I am focusing on the analysis of knowledge in one tradition of kalām, Bahšamite Muʿtazilism. I will argue that knowledge is a factive mental state for the Bahšamites. I will also show that the Bahšamite definition of knowledge is a combination of internalism and externalism with respect to justification.

Open Access
In: Oriens
In: Why Translate Science?
Author:

Abstract

Although overshadowed by his celebrated commentaries on Ibn ʿArabī and Ibn al-Fāriḍ, Dāwūd al-Qayṣarī’s (d. 750/1351) treatise on the philosophy of time – the Nihāyat al-bayān fī dirāyat al-zamān (The Utmost Elucidation Concerning Knowledge of Time) – is a notable milestone in the history of Islamic conceptions of temporality. Composed around the start of Qayṣarī’s tenure as head of the first Ottoman madrasa, the Nihāyat al-bayān rejects the Aristotelian definition of time as the number of motion in favor of Abū l-Barakāt al-Baghdādī’s concept of zamān as the measure of being. Challenging, likewise, portrayals of time as a flux or succession of fleeting instants, Qayṣarī propounds instead an absolutist vision of time as an integral, objectively existent whole. Qayṣarī’s reassessment of dominant medieval theories of temporality – including kalām atomism and the Neoplatonic distinction between time, perpetuity, and eternity – is thus shown to be a key early example of what was to become an abiding Ottoman interest in time and timekeeping.

Open Access
In: Oriens
In this volume amulets and talismans are studied within a broader system of meaning that shapes how they were manufactured, activated and used in different networks. Text, material features and the environments in which these artifacts circulated, are studied alongside each other, resulting in an innovative approach to understand the many different functions these objects could fulfil in pre-modern times. Produced and used by Muslims and non-Muslims alike, the case studies presented here include objects that differ in size, material, language and shape. What the articles share is an all-round, in-depth approach that helps the reader understand the complexity of the objects discussed and will improve one’s understanding of the role they played within pre-modern societies.

Contributors
Hazem Hussein Abbas Ali, Gideon Bohak, Ursula Hammed, Juan Campo, Jean-Charles Coulon, Venetia Porter, Marcela Garcia Probert, Anne Regourd, Yasmine al-Saleh, Karl Schaefer and Petra M. Sijpesteijn.
In: Amulets and Talismans of the Middle East and North Africa in Context
In: Amulets and Talismans of the Middle East and North Africa in Context
In: Amulets and Talismans of the Middle East and North Africa in Context