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Der zweite Band der Edition der Schriften von Susan Taubes umfasst ihre 1956 abgeschlossene, bisher unveröffentlichte Dissertation Der abwesende Gott. Eine Studie über Simone Weil sowie ihre Aufsätze und Rezensionen, die zwischen 1951 und 1959 in renommierten Zeitschriften wie The Journal of Religion oder The Review of Metaphysics erschienen sind.
Ausgehend von den Grundlinien der Moderne untersucht Susan Taubes in ihren philosophischen Schriften Gnosis und Tragödie als kulturgeschichtliche Konstellationen und spürt verschwiegene Verbindungen zwischen jüdischer Erfahrung und deutscher Philosophie auf. Sie entwirft eine Theorie der Tragödie (Das Wesen der Tragödie, 1953), erschließt Die gnostischen Grundlagen von Heideggers Nihilismus (1954) und kommentiert Das Rätsel Simone Weil (1956). Methodisch zwischen Religionsphilosophie und Kulturwissenschaft angesiedelt, wird in Susan Taubes’ theoretischen Arbeiten aus der kritischen Auseinandersetzung mit Themen wie Entfremdung und Revolte, Nihilismus und Theologie einer Kulturtheorie der Moderne skizziert.
Pavel Florensky (1882–1937) was a Russian philosopher, theologian, and scientist. He was considered by his contemporaries to be a polymath on a par with Pascal or Da Vinci. This book is the first comprehensive study in the English language to examine Florensky's entire philosophical oeuvre in its key metaphysical concepts. For Florensky, antinomy and symbol are the two faces of a single issue—the universal truth of discontinuity. This truth is a general law that represents, better than any other, the innermost structure of the universe. With its original perspective, Florensky’s philosophy is unique in the context of modern Russian thought, but also in the history of philosophy per se.
Carlo Cattaneo was one of the most prominent Italian intellectuals of the nineteenth century. Known for his prominent role in the Five Days of Milan uprising in 1848, he combined a vivid intelligence with a reform-oriented mind and a strong civic passion. This volume offers an exhaustive selection of Cattaneo’s writings, which cover a wide range of issues and advance highly innovative theories, such as the achievement of republican federalism in Italy and Europe, thought as a principle of political economy, and the psychology of associated mind. The two introductory essays examine how his ideas developed through the time and argue for their enduring vitality
Scholars and commentators have noted the frequent inefficacy of “development,” and criticized the power relations it entrenches. Aware of these problems, some North Americans choose to disengage from transnational work. But the reality is that we cannot avoid participating in global networks that affect people in many countries, and there are vast inequalities in access to resources that need to be addressed. Through philosophical insights, narrative accounts, and testimony from community members, we can discover a path between development and disengagement, through which relational morality and meaningful action can enrich intercultural collaboration and yield many fruits.
Collected Essays on Critical Posthumanism, Volume 1
Critical posthumanism is a theory paradigm that has become hugely influential across the humanities and social sciences in the last twenty years. This volume collects essays written over the last decade by one of the founders and leading figures of this movement. Originally a reaction to accelerated technological and media change that challenges traditional notions of what it means to be human, posthumanism (as opposed to transhumanism) has developed into a general critique and reappraisal of life after humanism and anthropocentrism. The essays collected here are dealing with aspects of education, technology, politics, media and art, and share a focus on how to critique and unlearn traditional understandings of humanness and (re)learn what it means to be human differently.
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Wittgenstein’s philosophy is directly related to semiotic theory. To examine this critical question, Wittgenstein & Semiotics discusses the cultural climate of Wittgenstein’s semiotics as the influence of Saussure and Peirce. Wittgenstein’s word-play can reflect historically the pros and cons of modern society transfigurating the disasters of two World Wars into belief and action. But Wittgenstein’s polemical style reflects the Zeitgeist of a new structure of writing philosophy based on the special force of semiotics. By transmitting one message to another to see how the linguistic signs are decoded and interpreted, Wittgenstein saw how the exchanges of signs are carried out to renew cultural society. His linguistic sign functions in direct speech reflect how the structure of signs influences the symbolic systems and processes to communicate the meaning of his style to the readers. Wittgenstein’s theory of semiotics contributed to the cultural technique of the growth of interdisciplinary fields of scholarly disciplines, both humanistic and scientific, which Wittgenstein’s “free” speech enjoys today.