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Adam Trettel

For Augustine, the pre-Fall Paradise was a life of tranquil love and joy. The post- Fall world is marked by loss of control over our bodies and emotions. But what exactly happened in the Fall, and why? How does desire relate to man’s disobedience, and is there any sense in which we can recover what Adam and Eve have lost? In treating City 14 as an integral whole, this study explores Augustine’s critiques of the Manichean and Platonist positions that the body is bad or evil, and discusses his biblical doctrine of emotions in light of the two-cities theme. The entire study concerns topics germane to the paradisal situation: the theme of the Primal Fall and the will being ‘spontaneous’, the exploration of the disobedience of the genitals in all forms of sex, including married life, and the workings of Adam and Eve’s hypothetical sexual experience in the pre-Fall world.
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Bartolomé de las Casas, O.P.

History, Philosophy, and Theology in the Age of European Expansion

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Edited by David Thomas Orique O.P. and Rady Roldán-Figueroa

Bartolomé de las Casas, O.P.: History, Philosophy, and Theology in the Age of European Expansion marks a critical point in Lascasian scholarship. The result of the collaborative work of seventeen prominent scholars, contributions span the fields of history, Latin American studies, literary criticism, philosophy and theology. The volume offers to specialists and non-specialists alike access to a rich and thoughtful overview of nascent colonial Latin American and early modern Iberian studies in a single text.

Contributors: Rolena Adorno; Matthew Restall; David Thomas Orique, O.P.; Rady Roldán-Figueroa; Carlos A. Jáuregui; David Solodkow; Alicia Mayer; Claus Dierksmeier; Daniel R. Brunstetter; Víctor Zorrilla; Luis Fernando Restrepo; David Lantigua; Ramón Darío Valdivia Giménez; Eyda M. Merediz; Laura Dierksmeier; Guillaume Candela, and Armando Lampe.
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Edited by Simon J.G. Burton, Joshua Hollmann and Eric M. Parker

List of Illustrations Abbreviations Notes on Contributors Nicholas of Cusa: The Life of a Reformer Simon J.G. Burton, Joshua Hollmann, and Eric M. Parker Introduction: Nicholas of Cusa and Early Modern Reform: towards a Reassessment Simon J.G. Burton, Joshua Hollmann, and Eric M. Parker Part 1 Reformatio Generalis: Ecclesiastical Reform 1 A Difficult Pope: Eugenius IV and the Men around Him Thomas M. Izbicki and Luke Bancroft 2 The Reform of Space for Prayer: Ecclesia primitiva in Nicholas of Cusa and Leon Battista Alberti Il Kim 3 “ Papista Insanissima”: Papacy and Reform in Nicholas of Cusa’s Reformatio Generalis (1459) and the Early Martin Luther (1517–19) Richard J. Serina, Jr. 4 Nicholas of Cusa and Paolo Sarpi: Copernicanism and Conciliarism in Early Modern Venice Alberto Clerici Part 2 Coincidentia Oppositorum: Theological Reform 5 Nicholas of Cusa and Martin Luther on Christ and the Coincidence of Opposites Joshua Hollmann 6 Ignorantia Non Docta: John Calvin and Nicholas of Cusa’s Neglected Trinitarian Legacy Gary W. Jenkins 7 Nicholas of Cusa and Pantheism in Early Modern Catholic Theology Matthew T. Gaetano Part 3 Explicatio Visionis: Reform of Perspective 8 The Notion of Faith in the Works of Nicholas Cusanus and Giordano Bruno Luisa Brotto 9 “The Sacred Circle of All- Being”: Cusanus, Lord Brooke, and Peter Sterry Eric M. Parker 10 Varieties of Spiritual Sense: Cusanus and John Smith Derek Michaud 11 Motion, Space, and Early Modern Re-formations of the Cosmos: Nicholas of Cusa’s Anima Mundi and Henry More’s Spirit of Nature Nathan R. Strunk Part 4 Mathesis Universalis: Reform of Method 12 Cusanus and Boethian Theology in the Early French Reform Richard J. Oosterhoff 13 Nicholas Cusanus and Guillaume Postel on Learning and Docta Ignorantia Roberta Giubilini 14 The Book Metaphor Triadized: the Layman’s Bible and God’s Books in Raymond of Sabunde, Nicholas of Cusa and Jan Amos Comenius Petr Pavlas 15 “Squaring the Circle”: Cusan Metaphysics and the Pansophic Vision of Jan Amos Comenius Simon J.G. Burton 16 Cusanus and Leibniz: Symbolic Explorations of Infinity as a Ladder to God Jan Makovský Epilogue: Ernst Cassirer and Renaissance Cultural Studies: the Figure of Nicholas of Cusa Michael Edward Moore Index
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Nicholas of Cusa and Times of Transition

Essays in Honor of Gerald Christianson

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Edited by Thomas M. Izbicki, Jason Aleksander and Donald Duclow

Nicholas of Cusa (1401-1464) was active during the Renaissance, developing adventurous ideas even while serving as a churchman. The religious issues with which he engaged – spiritual, apocalyptic and institutional – were to play out in the Reformation. These essays reflect the interests of Cusanus but also those of Gerald Christianson, who has studied church history, the Renaissance and the Reformation. The book places Nicholas into his times but also looks at his later reception. The first part addresses institutional issues, including Schism, conciliarism, indulgences and the possibility of dialogue with Muslims. The second treats theological and philosophical themes, including nominalism, time, faith, religious metaphor, and prediction of the end times.
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Ethik der Menschenrechte

Zwischen Rhetorik und Verwirklichung

Konrad Hilpert

Menschenrechte – auf diesen Begriff stößt man überall, in den Reden von Politikern ebenso wie in den Kommentaren der Journalisten und in den Forderungen prominenter Kirchenvertreter. Auf sie beruft man sich, wenn es darum geht, Zustände und Vorgänge in anderen Ländern zu kritisieren, aber auch, um Vorschlägen für die Gesetzgebung im eigenen Land mehr Nachdruck zu verleihen. Die politischen Diskussionen über die Kriege der jüngeren Zeit zeigen, dass die Berufung auf sie auch ins Spiel kommt, wenn um die Berechtigung einer Intervention in einem anderen Staat gerungen wird.
Die häufige Bezugnahme in der politischen Rhetorik hat unverkennbare Vorteile. Einer besteht darin, dass »Menschenrechte« so gut wie auf der ganzen Welt verstanden werden. Sie scheinen zu dem zu gehören, worin weltweit eine gewisse Gemeinsamkeit besteht, auch wenn häufig offen bleibt, ob es sich um eine von der Art handelt, in der tatsächlich die meisten in den Inhalten übereinstimmen und deren Verbindlichkeit anerkennen, oder ob sie schlicht einen Vorgriff auf einen künftigen Konsens darstellt, den man herbeisehnt und auf den man sich verpflichtet fühlt.
Aber auch die Nachteile müssen gesehen werden. Auffällig ist, dass sich die Berufung abnutzt, wenn sie für jede Kleinigkeit ins Spiel gebracht wird. Sie bleibt nur dann gehaltvoll, wenn sie sparsam verwendet wird. Insofern sie sich auf das Grundsätzliche und Wesentliche bezieht, eignet sie sich nur wenig für den politischen Alltagsstreit.
In diesem Sinn möchte der Band verstanden werden. Dreh- und Angelpunkt sind die ethischen Grundlagen, Implikationen und Konfliktpunkte des komplexen Gebildes, das man heute weltweit als Menschenrechte bezeichnet. Es geht weder um eine historische, noch um eine juristische Darlegung, sondern um eine theologisch-ethische, in der dann natürlich auch historische und juristische Aspekte berücksichtigt werden.
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Körperbild und Bildkörper

Die "Technological Reliquaries" von Paul Thek und die christliche Reliquientradition

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Lena Tacke

Paul Theks Werkgruppe der „Technological Reliquaries“ rekurriert auf die Bildsprache von Reliquie und Reliquiar, bricht aber mit deren traditioneller Gestaltungsform. Die künstlerische Bedeutungsverschiebung ist aufschlussreich für ein zeitgemäßes theologisches Verständnis der Reliquienverehrung.

Der US-amerikanische Künstler Paul Thek (1933–1988) stellt seine Werke in die Rezeptionsgeschichte der christlichen Reliquientradition. Die Werke gestalten die Verflechtung von Bild und Körper neu und bringen dadurch die aktuellen Körper- und Bilddiskurse von Theologie und Kunst miteinander ins Gespräch. Die Kunstwerke zeigen sich als fruchtbar für das theologische Nachdenken über Reliquie und Reliquiar, ebenso wie die theologische Perspektive zu einem vielschichtigen Verständnis der Werke Paul Theks beiträgt.
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Edited by Amy M. Austin and Mark D. Johnston

A Companion to Ramon Llull and Lullism offers a comprehensive survey of the work of the Majorcan lay theologian and philosopher Ramon Llull (1232-1316) and of its influence in late medieval, Renaissance, and early modern Europe, as well as in the Spanish colonies of the New World. Llull’s unique system of philosophy and theology, the “Great Universal Art,” was widely studied and admired from the fifteenth through the eighteenth centuries. His evangelizing ideals and methods inspired centuries of Christian missionaries. His many writings in Catalan, his native vernacular, remain major monuments in the literary history of Catalonia.

Contributors are: Roberta Albrecht, José Aragüés Aldaz, Linda Báez Rubí, Josep Batalla, Pamela Beattie, Henry Berlin, John Dagenais, Mary Franklin-Brown, Alexander Ibarz, Annemarie C. Mayer, Rafael Ramis Barceló, Josep E. Rubio, and Gregory B. Stone.
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Edited by Johannes Herzgsell and Janez Percic

With a tradition of almost five hundred years the Jesuit order has repeatedly produced original thinkers from various fields, thus enriching Western culture.

This book introduces eight Jesuit thinkers: Francisco Suárez, Baltasar Gracián, Teilhard de Chardin, Henri de Lubac, Bernard Lonergan, Karl Rahner, Oswald von Nell-Breuning und Michel de Certeau. They succeeded in their own time by absorbing the discoveries and developments of modern philosophy and science in order to reconcile them with the Christian tradition. In this way, they have made Christianity understandable and attractive to modern man.
Their contributions in the humanities, natural sciences and social sciences are also important for questions and problems of the present and remain a source of inspiration.
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Heirs of the Apostles

Studies on Arabic Christianity in Honor of Sidney H. Griffith

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Edited by David Bertaina, Sandra Toenies Keating, Mark N. Swanson and Alexander Treiger

Heirs of the Apostles offers a panoramic survey of Arabic-speaking Christians—descendants of the Christian communities established in the Middle East by the apostles—and their history, religion, and culture in the early Islamic and medieval periods. The subjects range from Arabic translations of the Bible, to the status of Christians in the Muslim-governed lands, Muslim-Christian polemic, and Christian-Muslim and Christian-Jewish relations. The volume is offered as a Festschrift to Sidney H. Griffith, the doyen of Christian Arabic Studies in North America, on his eightieth birthday.

Contributors are: David Bertaina, Elie Dannaoui, Stephen Davis, Nathan P. Gibson, Cornelia Horn, Sandra Toenies Keating, Juan Pedro Monferrer-Sala, Johannes Pahlitzsch, Andrew Platt, Thomas W. Ricks, Barbara Roggema, Harald Suermann, Mark N. Swanson, Shawqi Talia, Jack Tannous, David Thomas, Jennifer Tobkin, Alexander Treiger, Ronny Vollandt, Clare Wilde, and Jason Zaborowski.
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Edited by Reza Pourjavady

During its Qajar period (1210–1344/1795–1925), Iran witnessed some lively and significant philosophical discourse. Yet apart from studies devoted to individual figures such as Mullā Hādī Sabzawārī and Shaykh Aḥmad Aḥsāʾī, modern scholarship has paid little attention to the animated discussions and vibrant traditions of philosophy that continued in Iran during this period. The articles assembled in this book present an account of the life, works and philosophical challenges taken up by seven major philosophers of the Qajar period. As a collection, the articles convey the range and diversity of Qajar philosophical thinking. Besides indigenous thoughts, the book also deals with the reception of European philosophy in Iran at the time.