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Sacha Stern

In the year 921/2, the Jewish leaders of Palestine and Babylonia disagreed on how to calculate the calendar. This controversy led to the celebration of Passover and other festivals, through two years, on different dates. Although the whole Jewish Near East was drawn into the controversy, it was later forgotten, until its 19th-century rediscovery in the Cairo Genizah. The faulty editions of these texts have led to much misunderstanding about the nature and aftermath of the controversy. In this book, Sacha Stern re-edits completely the texts, discovers many more, and challenges the consensus on the controversy’s history. This book sheds light on medieval Rabbanite relations, and on the processes that brought about the standardization of the calendar in medieval Jewry.
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Liberalism, Constitutional Nationalism, and Minorities

The Making of Romanian Citizenship, c. 1750–1918

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Constantin Iordachi

The book documents the making of Romanian citizenship from 1750 to 1918 as a series of acts of emancipation of subordinated groups (Greeks, Jews, Gypsies/Roma, Armenians, Muslims, peasants, women, and Dobrudjans). It emphasizes the fusion between nationalism and liberalism, and the emancipatory impact national-liberalism had on the transition from the Old Regime to the modern order of the nation-state. While emphasizing liberalism’s many achievements, the analysis critically scrutinizes the liberal doctrine of legal-political ‘capacity’ and the dark side of nationalism, marked by tendencies toward exclusion. The study highlights the challenges nascent liberal democracies face in the process of consolidation and the enduring appeal of illiberalism in periods of upheaval, represented mainly by nativism. The book’s innovative interdisciplinary approach to citizenship in the Ottoman and post-Ottoman Balkans, and the richness of the sources employed appeal to a diverse readership.
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T.M.C. Asser (1838-1913) (2 vols.)

“In Quest of Liberty, Justice, and Peace”

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Arthur Eyffinger

This publication presents a comprehensive review of the life and intellectual legacy of the Dutch Nobel Peace laureate and father of the Hague tradition of international law. It is the first research study based on a wealth of recently disclosed private and family files, and deepens and modifies all earlier evaluations. It enlarges on Asser’s achievements as legal practitioner, university don, pioneer of private international law, diplomat and arbitrator, and State Councillor. It discusses his durable impact as founder of international law bodies and institutions. It likewise highlights the impressive Asser family tradition that exemplifies 19th-century Jewish emancipation in Amsterdam, addresses Asser’s youth and student years, his role as family man and the impact of personal drama on his career.

Detailed Table of Contents

PART I

‘Of Inconspicuous, if Honest Lineage’

THE ASSER FAMILY

CHAPTER 1         THE ANCESTRY 

                                      Through the Mists of Time

1.1                                17th century amsterdam jewry

1.1.1                             The Historical Backdrop

1.1.2                             Dutch Opportunism

1.1.3                             The First Pockets of the Sephardim

1.1.4                             Toleration and Trade

1.1.5                             Internal Friction

1.1.6                             The Ashkenazi Immigration Gulf

1.1.7                             Social Bifurcation

1.2                                THE ARRIVAL OF THE ASSERS

1.2.1                             The  Surname

1.2.2                             Kalman and Margalioth

1.2.3                             The Asser-Shochets

1.2.4                             Salomon Asser-Shochet (1731-1796)

1.2.5                             Plantations along Essequibo River

CHAPTER  2        Moses Salomon Asser (1754-1826) 

                                      A Rebel with A Cause

2.1                                THE FOUNDING FATHER

2.1.1                             Character

2.1.2                             Upbringing

2.1.3                             Marriage and Early Career

2.1.4                             Hermanus Leonard Bromet (1724-1812)

2.2                                ECONOMIC AND SOCIAL CRISIS     

2.2.1                             The Amsterdam Ashkenazim

2.2.2                             The Amsterdam Sephardim

2.2.3                            Jewish Identity Crisis

2.2.4                             Enlightenment and Patriot Movement

2.2.5                             The Batavian Republic (1795-1806)

2.3                                THE RISE OF MOSES SALOMON

2.3.1                             Business Man and Lawyer

2.3.2                             Felix Libertate (1795)

2.3.3                             Adat Yeshurun (1796)

2.4                                LAW REFORM AND CODIFICATION

2.4.1                             The Code of Commerce (1806)

2.4.2                             French Administrative Reform

2.4.3                             Due Recognition

2.5                                LAST YEARS AND DEMISE

CHAPTER  3        THE NEXT GENERATION

                                      Consolidating Success

3.1                                Carel Asser (1780-1836)

3.1.1                             Character and Upbringing

3.1.2                             Marriage

3.1.3                             Propagation of the Jewish Cause

3.1.4                             Carel Asser and Jonas Daniel Meijer

3.1.5                             The Kemper Codification Committee

3.1.6                             Later Years

3.2                                Tobias Asser (1783-1847)

3.2.1                              Youth and Family Life

3.2.2                              Jewish Identity

3.2.3                             Entertainment at Singel 548

CHAPTER  4        THE GRANDCHILDREN

                                      ‘The Little Darlings’

4.1                                Louis Asser (1802-1850)

4.1.1                             Professional Career

4.1.2                             Poetry

4.1.3                             Louis and Netje

4.2                                Anna Gratie Marianne Asser (1807-1893)

4.2.1                             Willful Womanhood

4.2.2                             Writing Talents

4.2.3                             Intellectual Training

4.2.4                             Passion for the Theatre

4.2.5                             ‘Le Théatre du Singel’

4.2.6                             A Pre-Arranged Match

4.2.7                             The Years of Marriage

4.3                                Eduard Isaac Asser (1809-1894)

4.3.1                             Personality

4.3.2                             Artistic Outpouring

4.3.3                             Doctorate and German Tour

4.3.4                             Poetry

4.3.5                             ‘Life is No Eden’

4.3.6                  &nbs

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Jewish Religious Architecture

From Biblical Israel to Modern Judaism

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Edited by Steven Fine

Jewish Religious Architecture explores ways that Jews have expressed their tradition in brick and mortar and wood, in stone and word and spirit. This volume stretches from the biblical Tabernacle to Roman Jerusalem, synagogues spanning two millenia and on to contemporary Judaism. Social historians, cultural historians, art historians and philologists have come together here to present this extraordinary architectural tradition. The multidisciplinary approach employed in Jewish Religious Architecture reveals deep continuities over time, together with the distinctly local— sometimes in surprising ways.
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Site of Amnesia: The Lost Historical Consciousness of Mizrahi Jewry

Representation of the Experience of the Jews of North Africa and the Middle East during World War II in Israeli, European and Middle Eastern Film and Television

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Yvonne Kozlovsky Golan

This study deepens our historical understanding of the North-African Jewish and Middle Eastern Jewish experience during WWII, which is often under- or mis-represented by the media in Israel, the Arab world, France, and Italy. Public, historical and sociocultural discourse is examined to clarify whether these communities are accepted by the world as "Holocaust survivors". Further, it determines the extent to which their wartime history is revealed to Israeli society in its cultural performances. Importantly, this work addresses the reasons why the Holocaust of North African Jewry is absent from Israeli and world consciousness. Finally, the study contemplates the consequences of these phenomena for Israeli society as well as in the colonial countries of France and Italy.
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Sur les traces de la bibliothèque médiévale des juifs de Colmar

Reconstitution à partir des fragments conservés dans les reliures d'incunables. European Genizah Texts and Studies, Volume 3

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Judith Kogel

La Bibliothèque municipale de Colmar conserve plus de 330 fragments hébreux collés sur les reliures d’incunables. Chacun d’eux peut a priori être considéré comme le témoin d’un livre disparu, probablement tombé entre les mains de relieurs à la suite de circonstances historiques tragiques. Après les avoir décrits et identifiés dans cet ouvrage, Judith Kogel a pu reconstituer la collection de livres étudiés et utilisés par les juifs de Colmar et des environs, au Moyen Âge. Bien que l’on ne puisse savoir à qui ils appartenaient et où ils étaient conservés, ces livres recouvrent tous les textes indispensables à la vie juive quotidienne et reflètent une communauté structurée pour la transmission des savoirs.

The Colmar Public Library preserves more than 330 Hebrew fragments glued to the bindings of incunabula. Each of them a priori can be considered as a witness to a book that disappeared, probably fallen into the hands of bookbinders as a result of tragic historical circumstances. After describing and identifying them, Judith Kogel was able to partially reconstruct and present in this book, the collection of texts studied and used by Jews in Colmar and the surrounding area in the Middle Ages. Although we cannot know to whom these books belonged and where they were kept, the collection covers all areas essential to Jewish daily life and reflects a structured community committed to the transmission of knowledge.
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Migration Journeys to Israel

Narratives of the Way and Their Meaning

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Gadi BenEzer

This book addresses a lacuna in the study of Jewish and Israeli history - that of journeys taken by Jews in the 20th century towards Israel – which is also a neglected subject in the more general fields of migration and refugee studies. Dr. Gadi BenEzer, a psychologist and anthropologist, eloquently shows how such journeys are life changing events that affect individuals, families, and communities in a variety of ways. Based on narrative research of Jewish people who have undergone journeys on their way to Israel from around the world, the author is able to pose original questions and give initial convincing answers. The powerful personal accounts are followed by a thought-provoking analysis.
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Francois Soyer

In Antisemitic Conspiracy Theories in the Early Modern Iberian World: Narratives of Fear and Hatred, François Soyer offers the first detailed historical analysis of antisemitic conspiracy theories in Spain, Portugal and their overseas colonies between 1450 and 1750. These conspiracy theories accused Jews and conversos, the descendants of medieval Jewish converts to Christianity, of deadly plots and blamed them for a range of social, religious, military and economic problems. Ultimately, many Iberian antisemitic conspiracy theorists aimed to create a ‘moral panic’ about the converso presence in Iberian society, thereby justifying the legitimacy of ethnic discrimination within the Church and society. Moreover, they were also exploited by some churchmen seeking to impose an idealized sense of communal identity upon the lay faithful.
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Series:

Andrea Schatz

The contributions to this volume trace for the first time how the modern Jewish reception of Josephus, the ancient historian, who witnessed and described the destruction of the Second Temple, took shape within different scholarly, religious, literary and political contexts across the Jewish world, from Amsterdam to Berlin, Vilna, Breslau, New York and Tel Aviv. The chapters show how the vagaries of his tumultuous life, spent between a small rebellious nation and the ruling circles of a vast empire, between Jewish and non-Jewish cultures, and between political action and historical reflection have been re-imagined by Jewish readers over the past three centuries in their attempts to make sense of their own times.
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A History of Modern Jewish Religious Philosophy

Volume III:The Crisis of Humanism. A Historial Crossroads

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Eliezer Schweid

The culmination of Eliezer Schweid’s life-work as a Jewish intellectual historian, this five-volume work provides a comprehensive, interdisciplinary account of the major thinkers and movements in modern Jewish thought, in the context of general philosophy and Jewish social-political historical developments, with extensive primary source excerpts.
Volume Three, “The Crisis of Humanism,” commences with an important essay on the challenge to the humanist tradition posed in the late 19th century by historical materialism, existentialism and positivism. This is background for the constructive philosophies which sought at the same time to address the general crisis of moral value and provide a positive basis for Jewish existence. Among the thinkers presented in this volume are Moses Hess, Moritz Lazarus, Hermann Cohen (in impressive depth, with a thorough exposition of the Ethics and Religion of Reason), Ahad Ha-Am, I. J. Reines, Simon Dubnow, M. Y. Berdiczewski, the theorists of the Bund, Chaim Zhitlovsky, Nachman Syrkin, and Ber Borochov.