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Der zweite Band der Edition der Schriften von Susan Taubes umfasst ihre 1956 abgeschlossene, bisher unveröffentlichte Dissertation Der abwesende Gott. Eine Studie über Simone Weil sowie ihre Aufsätze und Rezensionen, die zwischen 1951 und 1959 in renommierten Zeitschriften wie The Journal of Religion oder The Review of Metaphysics erschienen sind.
Ausgehend von den Grundlinien der Moderne untersucht Susan Taubes in ihren philosophischen Schriften Gnosis und Tragödie als kulturgeschichtliche Konstellationen und spürt verschwiegene Verbindungen zwischen jüdischer Erfahrung und deutscher Philosophie auf. Sie entwirft eine Theorie der Tragödie (Das Wesen der Tragödie, 1953), erschließt Die gnostischen Grundlagen von Heideggers Nihilismus (1954) und kommentiert Das Rätsel Simone Weil (1956). Methodisch zwischen Religionsphilosophie und Kulturwissenschaft angesiedelt, wird in Susan Taubes’ theoretischen Arbeiten aus der kritischen Auseinandersetzung mit Themen wie Entfremdung und Revolte, Nihilismus und Theologie einer Kulturtheorie der Moderne skizziert.
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Pavel Florensky (1882–1937) was a Russian philosopher, theologian, and scientist. He was considered by his contemporaries to be a polymath on a par with Pascal or Da Vinci. This book is the first comprehensive study in the English language to examine Florensky's entire philosophical oeuvre in its key metaphysical concepts. For Florensky, antinomy and symbol are the two faces of a single issue—the universal truth of discontinuity. This truth is a general law that represents, better than any other, the innermost structure of the universe. With its original perspective, Florensky’s philosophy is unique in the context of modern Russian thought, but also in the history of philosophy per se.
Carlo Cattaneo was one of the most prominent Italian intellectuals of the nineteenth century. Known for his prominent role in the Five Days of Milan uprising in 1848, he combined a vivid intelligence with a reform-oriented mind and a strong civic passion. This volume offers an exhaustive selection of Cattaneo’s writings, which cover a wide range of issues and advance highly innovative theories, such as the achievement of republican federalism in Italy and Europe, thought as a principle of political economy, and the psychology of associated mind. The two introductory essays examine how his ideas developed through the time and argue for their enduring vitality
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Scholars and commentators have noted the frequent inefficacy of “development,” and criticized the power relations it entrenches. Aware of these problems, some North Americans choose to disengage from transnational work. But the reality is that we cannot avoid participating in global networks that affect people in many countries, and there are vast inequalities in access to resources that need to be addressed. Through philosophical insights, narrative accounts, and testimony from community members, we can discover a path between development and disengagement, through which relational morality and meaningful action can enrich intercultural collaboration and yield many fruits.
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A persistent challenge in philosophy is constructing an explicit link between mind and external reality. In this regard, this book introduces and examines two opposing philosophies. It scrutinizes Brandom's inferentialist solution, encompassinging his influential work Making It Explicit (1994) and his controversial interpretation of Hegel as a conceptual realist in A Spirit of Trust (2019). Constrastingly, it introduces Hegel’s relativist historicism, arguing that a robust epistemological framework does not necessitate an explicit link to mind-independent reality. By confining knowledge to its historical context, it prevents adherence to false beliefs, maintaining openness for truth to emerge one day.
Psychoanalysis and the Neurotic in Contemporary Society
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Sigmund Freud’s work has influenced the modern world in many profound ways. The “father of psychoanalysis,” Freud wrote numerous works wherein his psychoanalytic perspectives were applied to history, society, religion, and other cultural phenomenon. By expanding his psychoanalytic theories into these realms, Freud insured his place within the disciplines of philosophy, sociology, history, theology, and religious studies, wherein his works are still studied. More specifically, his psychoanalytic theories were adopted, revised, and expanded upon by philosophers and sociologist, such as Theodor W. Adorno, Erich Fromm, Herbert Marcuse, Jürgen Habermas, Jacques Derrida, Julia Kristeva, Gilles Deleuze, Judith Butler, Slavoj Žižek, and many others, who in some cases radicalized the latent political content within Freud’s thought, using it to critique modern industrialized capitalism and theorize about the possibility for alternative forms of societies more conducive towards mental health. Although Freud is often marginalized, or even denigrated, we think there are elements still within the corpus of Freud’s work that are valuable for both diagnosing social problems and addressing such problems psychoanalytically. The book demonstrates the lasting relevancy of Freud’s thought to a variety of disciplines as they diagnose a myriad of social issues.