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Italian Perspectives on Apocalypse and Rebirth in the Modern Study of Religion
In The Life and Work of Ernesto de Martino: Italian Perspectives on Apocalypse and Rebirth in the Modern Study of Religion, Flavio A. Geisshuesler offers a comprehensive study of one of Italy’s most colorful historians of religions. The book inserts de Martino’s dramatic life trajectory within the intellectual climate and the socio-political context of his age in order to offer a fresh perspective on the evolution of the discipline of religious studies during the 20th century. Demonstrating that scholarship on religion was animated by moments of fear of the apocalypse, it brings de Martino’s perspective into conversation with Mircea Eliade, Claude Lévi-Strauss, and Clifford Geertz in order to recover an Italian approach that promises to redeem religious studies as a relevant and revitalizing field of research in the contemporary climate of crisis.
Volume Editors: Antonios Kalatzis and Enrico Lucca
The articles collected in "Into Life." Franz Rosenzweig on Knowledge, Aesthetics, and Politics focus on the significance of Franz Rosenzweig's work far beyond the realms of theology and philosophy of religion. They engage with a wide range of issues in philosophy and offer new insights, both by presenting an array of unpublished and underestimated sources and by bringing Rosenzweig's thought into dialogue with new approaches and interlocutors, such as Stanley Cavell, William Alston, Carl Schmitt, and Martin Heidegger. The result is a refreshing and original perspective on the work of one of the most significant thinkers of the twentieth century.
No one theory of time is pursued in these essays, but a major theme that threads them together is Wolfson’s signature idea of the timeswerve as a linear circularity or a circular linearity, expressions that are meant to avoid the conventional split between the two temporal modalities of the line and the circle. The conception of time elicited by Wolfson from a host of philosophical and mystical sources—both Jewish and non-Jewish—buttresses the contention that it is precisely structural invariability that engenders interpretive variation. This hermeneutical axiom is justified, in turn, by the presumption regarding the cadence of time as the constant return of what has always been what is yet to be. The telling of time wells forth from the time of telling. One cannot speak of the being of time, consequently, except from the standpoint of the time of being, nor of the time of being except from the standpoint of the being of time.
Religionsphilosophie von Kant zu Nietzsche
Author: Edith Düsing
Es geht um die bis heute währende Auseinandersetzung zwischen Atheismus und Religionsphilosophie. Im Ausgang von Kants Kritik des Atheismus und seiner ethisch fundierten Gotteslehre wird eine Typik von Denkformen des Atheismus entworfen. Anhand dieser Typik kann die Eigenart von Nietzsches Atheismus herauskristallisiert werden.
Des Näheren wird Nietzsches Verfremdung von Kants Gottespostulat untersucht. Grundstürzende Konsequenz ist Nietzsches Voraussicht des europäischen Nihilismus. In Entsprechung zu Nietzsches Destruktion der Gottesidee steht die von ihm konsequent zu Ende gedachte und in der Folgelast gefährliche Umkehr der Tradition der Geistseele zur Tierseele des Menschen. Dieser düsteren Prophetie werden klassische Modelle des Verhältnisses von Gott und Ich bei Fichte, bei Hegel, bei Hölderlin und Kierkegaard in ihrer argumentativen Klarheit und Überzeugungskraft entgegengestellt.