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Valérie Wyssbrod

The Exploitation of Marine Genetic Resources in Areas beyond National Jurisdiction by Valérie Wyssbrod begins by identifying the legal regime applicable to these underexploited resources which offer vast potential for the development of new drugs, bioplastics, depolluting products and other innovations. The author then outlines provisions for a new treaty, currently under discussion at the UN and presents alternatives to a new regime including revised legal instruments, the development of soft law and the creation of an applicable ecolabel.

Dans L’exploitation des ressources génétiques marine hors juridiction nationale, Valérie Wyssbrod détermine en premier lieu le régime juridique actuellement applicable à ces ressources. Ces dernières représentent à l’heure actuelle un potentiel énorme pour le développement de nouveaux médicaments, bioplastiques, dépolluants, etc. Encore peu exploitées, elles seront sans aucun doute au coeur d’un futur processus d’innovation et de nouveaux brevets. Dans un second temps, l’auteur dessine les contours et les principaux axes d’un nouveau traité spécifique, projet actuellement discuté à l’ONU. Valérie Wyssbrod explore finalement trois alternatives au nouveau traité : le remplacement du régime actuel par un autre régime existant, le développement d’un instrument de soft law et la création d’un écolabel.

Legal Order in the World's Oceans

UN Convention on the Law of the Sea

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Edited by Myron H. Nordquist, John Norton Moore and Ronán Long

Legal Order in the World’s Oceans: UN Convention on the Law of the Sea assesses the impact of the 1982 Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS) and many aspects and challenges of modern law of the sea. The theme was selected in part to celebrate that this conference was the Center for Oceans Law and Policy’s 40th Annual Conference and in part to emphasize the seminal contribution to the Rule of Law from UNCLOS in building legal order in the world’s oceans. The comprehensive scope of this inquiry is presented in six parts. The topics are: Ocean Affairs and the Law of the Sea at the United Nations; the Area and the International Seabed Authority; the International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea and Dispute Settlement; the Commission on the Limits of the Continental Shelf; Sustainable Fisheries, including the UN Fish Stocks Agreement; and Operational Implementation—Maritime Compliance and Enforcement.

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Edited by Nengye Liu, Elizabeth A. Kirk and Tore Henriksen

The European Union and the Arctic brings together academics from a range of disciplines to discuss the EU's potential roles in shaping Arctic governance. The book is divided into three parts. The first part examines the EU’s current Arctic policy framework. The second part focuses on the EU’s engagement with Arctic governance at the regional level and encompasses the EU’s engagement with the so-called Arctic Five (five coastal States of the Arctic Ocean), providing examples of some of those relationships. The third part takes a sectoral approach, analysing the EU’s potential contribution to regulation of key human activities in the Arctic, including shipping, fisheries, oil and gas operations, and marine mammals.

Governance of Arctic Shipping

Balancing Rights and Interests of Arctic States and User States

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Edited by Robert C. Beckman, Tore Henriksen, Kristine Dalaker Kraabel, Erik J. Molenaar and J. Ashley Roach

Governance of Arctic Shipping: Balancing Rights and Interests of Arctic States and User States examines potential cooperative mechanisms for balancing rights and interests of Arctic States and user States in light of experiences with Southeast Asian cooperative mechanisms. This volume analyzes the applicable international regulatory framework with special attention to the roles of the International Maritime Organization and the Arctic Council. The rights, interests, positions and practice of Arctic coastal States are compared with those of user States, with particular emphasis on China, Japan and South Korea. The final chapters analyze cooperative arrangements in Southeast Asia, in order to explore if these could act as models to enhance cooperation among coastal States and user States in the Arctic.

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Edited by Intl. Tribunal for the Law of the Sea

This volume contains the texts of written pleadings, minutes of public sittings and other documents from the proceedings in the Delimitation of the maritime boundary in the Atlantic Ocean (Ghana/Côte d’Ivoire), Provisional Measures. The documents are reproduced in their original language.
The Special Chamber delivered its Order on 25 April 2015. It is published in the ITLOS Reports 2015.

Le présent volume reproduit les pièces de la procédure écrite, les procès-verbaux des audiences publiques et d’autres documents relatifs à la procédure concernant la Délimitation de la frontière maritime dans l’océan Atlantique (Ghana/Côte d’Ivoire), mesures conservatoires. Les documents sont publiés dans la langue originale utilisée.
La Chambre spéciale a rendu son ordonnance le 25 avril 2015. L’ordonnance est publiée dans le TIDM Recueil 2015.

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Edited by Intl. Tribunal for the Law of the Sea

This volume contains the texts of written pleadings, minutes of public sittings and other documents from the proceedings in The “Enrica Lexie” Incident (Italy v. India), Provisional Measures. The documents are reproduced in their original language.
The Tribunal delivered its Order on 24 August 2015. It is published in the ITLOS Reports 2015.

Le présent volume reproduit les pièces de la procédure écrite, les procès-verbaux des audiences publiques et d’autres documents relatifs à la procédure concernant L'incident de l'« Enrica Lexie » (Italie c. Inde), mesures conservatoires. Les documents sont publiés dans la langue originale utilisée.
Le Tribunal a rendu son ordonnance le 24 août 2015. L’ordonnance est publiée dans le TIDM Recueil 2015.

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Douglas R. Burnett and Lionel Carter

If one uses Facebook, Facetime, Skype, Netflix, or any application of the internet internationally, a submarine cable is involved. Fibre optic cables bind the world together and computer server farms, maintained by major telecom and content companies, allow vast amounts of data to be stored and retrieved from the cloud. Not often appreciated is the fact that these server locations worldwide are connected by submarine fibre optic cables. In this sense, the cloud is beneath the sea. While submarine communication cables have been in steady use since 1850, their preeminent place in the modern world has never been as dominant and personal as now. Recently, calls have mounted in the context of marine biodiversity beyond national jurisdiction (BBNJ) for centralized control of submarine cables and for express or de facto diminishment of the freedoms related to them via the United Nations Convention on Law of the Sea, that have served the world’s peoples for so long. In International Submarine Cables and Biodiversity of Areas Beyond National Jurisdiction, Douglas R. Burnett and Lionel Carter examine the time proven importance of the existing international treaties, the largely peer-reviewed science on the environmental interaction of submarine cables with high seas environments, and the current submarine cable issues in the context of the BBNJ debates.

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Edited by Intl. Tribunal for the Law of the Sea

This volume contains the decisions rendered by the Tribunal in the year 2016 in English and French: The Judgment delivered on 4 November 2016 in the preliminary objections phase of The M/V “Norstar” Case (Panama v. Italy) as well as procedural orders issued in M/V “Norstar” and the Dispute concerning delimitation of the maritime boundary between Ghana and Côte d’Ivoire in the Atlantic Ocean (Ghana/Côte d’Ivoire).

Le présent volume contient en français et en anglais les décisions rendues par le Tribunal au cours de l’année 2016 : l’arrêt du 4 novembre 2016 sur les exceptions préliminaires dans l’Affaire du navire « Norstar » (Panama c. Italie) ainsi que des ordonnances procédurales rendues dans Navire « Norstar » et le Différend relatif à la délimitation de la frontière maritime entre le Ghana et la Côte d’Ivoire dans l’océan Atlantique (Ghana/Côte d’Ivoire) .

International Law of Sharks

Obstacles, Options and Opportunities

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Erika J. Techera and Natalie Klein

In International Law of Sharks, Erika J. Techera and Natalie Klein provide an in-depth analysis of the current legal frameworks that relate to these important species. The authors offer ways in which to overcome obstacles that prevent existing laws from working better and identify best practice global governance options while highlighting opportunities for legal reform.

Scientific evidence indicates that sharks play a critical role in maintaining marine ecosystem health, yet current governance regimes have not been effective and many shark species continue to diminish. In this context, effective laws are critical to improve sharks’ conservation status. This volume also explores the broader relevance of oceans governance by identifying appropriate legal frameworks and regulatory mechanisms that balance conservation and utilisation of marine species in general.

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Edited by Myron H. Nordquist, John Norton Moore and Ronán Long

International Marine Economy offers contributions from marine experts around the globe on the economic impacts of recent developments in international waters. From the South China Arbitration Award to the Bay of Bengal Case, this text includes important writings on Artic Shipping and Fisheries, the deep seabed, resources and maritime boundary regimes and studies the possibility of a new international agreement regulating the conservation of biological diversity in areas beyond national jurisdiction. Finally, it concludes by considering the challenges and opportunities of whaling in the Antarctic Case, ocean governance issues in Southeast Asia, and the exercise of control over foreign merchant vessels and state liability for wrong assessments. This volume offers much needed contemporary commentary from renowned scholars on rapidly evolving maritime topics.