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Edited by Beate Müller

‘Censorship’ has become a fashionable topic, not only because of newly available archival material from Eastern Europe and the former Soviet Union, but also because the ‘new censorship’ (inspired by the works of Foucault and Bourdieu) has widened the very concept of censorhip beyond its conventional boundaries. This volume uses these new materials and perspectives to address the relationship of censorship to cultural selection processes (such as canon formation), economic forces, social exclusion, professional marginalization, silencing through specialized discourses, communicative norms, and other forms of control and regulation.
Two articles in this collection investigate these issue theoretically. The remaining eight contributions address the issues by investigating censorial practice across time and space by looking at the closure of Paul’s playhouse in 1606; the legacy of 19th century American regulations and representation of women teachers; the relationship between official and samizdat publishing in Communist Poland; the ban on Gegenwartsfilme (films about contemporary society) in East Germany in 1965/66; the censorship of modernist music in Weimar and Nazi Germany; the GDR’s censorship of jazz and avantgarde music in the early 1950s; Aesopian strategies of textual resistance in the pop music of apartheid South Africa and in the stories of Mario Benedetti.

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Edited by Kevin Ingram and Juan Ignacio Pulido Serrano

Converso and Morisco are the terms applied to those Jews and Muslims who converted to Christianity in large numbers and usually under duress in late Medieval Spain. The Converso and Morisco Studies publications will examine the implications of these mass conversions for the converts themselves, for their heirs (also referred to as Conversos and Moriscos) and for Medieval and Modern Spanish culture. As the essays in this collection attest, the study of the Converso and Morisco phenomena is not only important for those scholars focused on Spanish society and culture, but for academics everywhere interested in the issues of identity, Otherness, nationalism, religious intolerance and the challenges of modernity.

Contributors include Mercedes Alcalá-Galan, Ruth Fine, Kevin Ingram, Yosef Kaplan, Sara T. Nalle, Juan Ignacio Pulido Serrano, Miguel Rodrigues Lourenço, Ashar Salah, Gretchen Starr-LeBeau, Claude Stuczynski, and Gerard Wiegers.

The Harp and the Constitution

Myths of Celtic and Gothic Origin

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Edited by Joanne Parker

‘Celtic’ and ‘Gothic’: both words refer today to both ancient tribes and modern styles. ‘Celtic’ is associated with harp music, native knitwear, and spirituality; ‘Gothic’ with medieval cathedrals, rock bands, and horror fiction. The eleven essays collected together here chart some of the curious and unexpected ways in which the Celts and the Goths were appropriated and reinvented in Britain and other European countries through the eighteenth, nineteenth, and twentieth centuries – becoming not just mythologised races, but lending their names to abstract principles and entire value systems.

Contributed by experts in literature, archaeology, history, and Celtic studies, the essays range from broad surveys to specific case-studies, and together demonstrate the complicated interplay that has always existed between ‘Celticism’ and ‘Gothicism’.

Contributors are: John Collis, Robert DeMaria, Jr., Tom Duggett, Tim Fulford, Nick Groom, Amy Hale, Ronald Hutton, Joep Leerssen, Dafydd Moore, Joanne Parker, Juan Miguel Zarandona.

Jesuit Polymath of Madrid

The Literary Enterprise of Juan Eusebio Nieremberg (1595–1658)

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D. Scott Hendrickson

In Jesuit Polymath of Madrid D. Scott Hendrickson offers the first English-language account of the life and work of Juan Eusebio Nieremberg (1595-1658), a leading intellectual in Spain during the turbulent decades of the mid-seventeenth century. Most remembered as a prominent ascetic in the neo-Platonic tradition, Nieremberg emerges here as a writer deeply indebted to the legacy of Ignatius Loyola and his Spiritual Exercises.

Hendrickson convincingly shows how Nieremberg drew from his formation in the Jesuit order at the time of its first centenary to engage the cultural and intellectual currents of the Spanish Golden Age. As an author of some seventy-five works, which represent several genres and were translated throughout Europe and abroad, Nieremberg’s literary enterprise demands attention.

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Nicolás Bas Martín

In Spanish Books in the Europe of the Enlightenment (Paris and London) Nicolás Bas examines the image of Spain in eighteenth-century Europe, and in Paris and London in particular. His material has been scoured from an exhaustive interrogation of the records of the book trade. He refers to booksellers’ catalogues, private collections, auctions, and other sources of information in order to reconstruct the country’s cultural image. Rarely have these sources been searched for Spanish books, and never have they been as exhaustively exploited as they are in Bas’ book.
Both England and France were conversant with some very negative ideas about Spain. The Black Legend, dating back to the sixteenth century, condemned Spain as repressive and priest-ridden. Bas shows however, that an alternative, more sympathetic, vision ran parallel with these negative views. His bibliographical approach brings to light the Spanish books that were bought, sold and ultimately read. The impression thus obtained is likely to help us understand not only Spain’s past, but also something of its present.

The Protectors of Indians in the Royal Audience of Lima

History, Careers and Legal Culture, 1575-1775

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Mauricio Novoa

In The Protectors of Indians in the Royal Audience of Lima: History, Careers and Legal Culture, 1575-1775 Mauricio Novoa offers an account of the institution that developed in the vice-royalty of Peru for the protection of Indians before the high courts of justice. Making use of historical materials, Novoa provides a comprehensive view on the formation of the legal elite in Lima during the colonial period; reviews the litigation undertaken by indigenous plaintiffs, and explains the legal culture that allowed the development of juristic doctrine around the Indian personal status.

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José Luis Cifuentes Honrubia

This book explores the relationships between possession, existence and location. After revising the conceptualization of possession in Latin, the analysis is extended to Spanish. From this perspective, certain possession constructions in Spanish are examined. First of all, it is argued that all datives are related to possession in dative constructions; secondly, the characterizing features of the transitive, intransitive and reflexive variants are determined in constructions with psychological verbs; and, finally, the existence of comitative possession in Spanish is proved by the analysis of comitative constructions.

Acts and Texts

Performance and Ritual in the Middle Ages and the Renaissance

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Edited by Laurie Postlewate and Wim Hüsken

For the Middle Ages and Renaissance, meaning and power were created and propagated through public performance. Processions, coronations, speeches, trials, and executions are all types of public performance that were both acts and texts: acts that originated in the texts that gave them their ideological grounding; texts that bring to us today a trace of their actual performance. Literature, as well, was for the pre-modern public a type of performance: throughout the medieval and early modern periods we see a constant tension and negotiation between the oral/aural delivery of the literary work and the eventual silent/read reception of its written text. The current volume of essays examines the plurality of forms and meanings given to performance in the Middle Ages and Renaissance through discussion of the essential performance/text relationship. The authors of the essays represent a variety of scholarly disciplines and subject matter: from the “performed” life of the Dominican preacher, to coronation processions, to book presentations; from satirical music speeches, to the rendering of widow portraits, to the performance of romance and pious narrative. Diverse in their objects of study, the essays in this volume all examine the links between the actual events of public performance and the textual origins and subsequent representation of those performances.

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Zulema Moret

La novela de formación o Bildungsroman ha encontrado diversas modalidades en el entramado de la narrativa latinoamericana escrita por mujeres, expresando su diferencia tanto a nivel de temáticas como de estrategias constructivas. Este libro deconstruye dichas modalidades, prestando especial atención a la construcción de sus heroínas en su lucha por hallar un lugar en la sociedad a la pertenecen, considerando diversos posicionamientos en este enfrentamiento entre sujeto y entorno, como parte constitutiva y fundamental de esta forma literaria. De este modo, el planteamiento llevado a cabo a lo largo de estas páginas permitirá el análisis del constructo denominado ‘mujer’ y sus representaciones; la incidencia del medio sociopolítico en su proceso de crecimiento, la interacción permanente entre la memoria individual y la colectiva, las renovadas posiciones en el orden de una poética en el seno de la tan mentada postmodernidad y las variables de raza y clase social, que junto a la condición genérica crean zonas de intersección discursiva y dejan su impronta estética en el contexto latinoamericano. Para ello recorre con enfoque interdisciplinario narraciones de Laura Antillano, Lucía Guerra, Albalucía Angel, Rosario Ferré, Iris Zavala, Griselda Gambaro, Susana Silvestre, Beatriz Guido, Luz Argentina Chirimoga, Ana María del Río, Marta Traba y Elena Poniatowska, en un intento de crear una suerte de mapa del imaginario femenino latinoamericano, en su confrontación con los movimientos sociales durante los importantes acontecimientos ocurridos en las últimas décadas del siglo XX.

Las formas del vacío

La escritura del duelo en la poesía de Juan Gelman

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Geneviève Fabry

De libro en libro, a lo largo de una producción poética de medio siglo, el poeta argentino Juan Gelman (1930-), ganador del Premio Cervantes 2007 y uno de los mayores poetas hispanoamericanos vivos, explora nuevas vías formales para dar cuenta de su experiencia personal e histórica, de su recreación incesante de la tradición literaria y cultural. Más fundamentalmente aún, su poesía « desueña lo perdido y la muerte/canta en los alrededores del amor » ( Incompletamente). Pero ¿de qué pérdida se hace eco el poema? ¿Puede el poema mismo convertirse en un espacio de acogida de « aquello amado ido » ( ibid.)? Este libro enfrenta estas preguntas y otras más a lo largo de una lectura crítica de la extensa obra poética del autor argentino. El análisis de más de veinte poemarios se enfoca desde la problemática central del duelo, en su doble acepción de lucha y luto. Más allá de las trágicas peripecias vitales del propio Gelman, este ensayo pone al descubierto una poética presente desde Violín y otras cuestiones (1956) hasta, por lo menos, País que fue será (2004), y que hace de la conciencia vital de la muerte el núcleo de la escritura.