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Von der nationalen zur internationalen Literatur

Transkulturelle deutschsprachige Literatur und Kultur im Zeitalter globaler Migration

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Edited by Helmut Schmitz

Seit ungefähr zwei Jahrzehnten gibt es in der deutschen Kulturlandschaft, im literarischen und akademischen Betrieb eine zunehmende Sensibilisierung für den Beitrag von Schriftstellern und Schriftstellerinnen zur Gegenwartsliteratur, deren Muttersprache nicht, oder nicht nur, deutsch ist und die nach Deutschland immigriert oder Kinder bzw. Enkel von Immigranten sind. Dieser Band präsentiert eine Reihe von Aufsätzen zur zeitgenössischen transnationalen deutschsprachigen Literatur und Kultur. Neben Aufsätzen zu einzelnen Schriftstellern (Imran Ayata, Yadé Kara, Feridun Zaimoğlu, Rafik Schami, Terézia Mora, Libuše Moníková und Ilija Trojanow) werden auch begriffliche und thematische Fragen angesprochen. Unterteilt in die Sektionen Historisches, Begriffliche Fragen, Deutsch-türkische, Ost- und südosteuropäische und Deutsch-jüdische Literatur, sucht der Band der Vielfalt und Heterogenität der transkulturellen deutschsprachigen Literatur gerecht zu werden. Dabei richtet sich der Band sowohl an Fachkollegen, als auch an Studenten.

A Nation of Victims?

Representations of German Wartime Suffering from 1945 to the Present

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Edited by Helmut Schmitz

The re-emergence of the issue of wartime suffering to the fore of German public discourse represents the greatest shift in German memory culture since the Historikerstreit of the 1980s. The (international) attention and debates triggered by, for example, W.G. Sebald’s Luftkrieg und Literatur, Günter Grass’s Im Krebsgang, Jörg Friedrich’s Der Brand testify to a change in focus away from the victims of National Socialism to the traumatic experience of the ‘perpetrator collective’ and its legacies. The volume brings together German, English and Israeli literary and film scholars and historians addressing issues surrounding the representation of German wartime suffering from the immediate post-war period to the present in literature, film and public commemorative discourse. Split into four sections, the volume discusses the representation of Germans as victims in post-war literature and film, the current memory politics of the Bund der Vertriebenen, the public commemoration of the air raids on Hamburg and Dresden and their representation in film, photography, historiography and literature, the impact and reception of W.G. Sebald’s Luftkrieg und Literatur, the representation of flight and expulsion in contemporary writing, the problem of empathy in representations of Germans as victims and the representation of suffering and National Socialism in Oliver Hirschbiegel’s film Der Untergang.

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Edited by Ludger Scherer and Rolf Lohse

Zwischen dem Komischen und dem Avantgardistischen gibt es Parallelen, die bislang kaum von der Forschung gewürdigt wurden, in diesem Band aber erstmals im Mittelpunkt stehen. In 19 Beiträgen werden strukturelle, konzeptionelle und personelle Beziehungen zwischen den beiden scheinbar gegensätzlichen Phänomenen an repräsentativen Beispielen aus der französischen, italienischen, spanischen, deutschen und niederländischen Literatur vom Ende des 19. bis zum Ende des 20. Jahrhunderts untersucht. Die Beiträge reichen von der italienischen Scapigliatura über Futurismus, Dadaismus, Expressionismus und Surrealismus bis hin zu Pataphysik, Oulipo und neoavantgardistischen Texten. Auf diese Weise kommen Autoren, Bewegungen und Aspekte, die bisher zu wenig beachtet wurden, in den Blick, bekannte erscheinen in neuem Licht, und auch die beiden Begriffe Avantgarde und Komik gewinnen an Schärfe. Denn weder ist der avantgardistische Impuls auf die sogenannten historischen Avantgarden zu beschränken noch verbleiben komische Verfahren im Harmlosen: Beide überschreiten Grenzen, die es ständig neu zu reflektieren gilt.

After the GDR

New Perspectives on the Old GDR and Young Länder

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Edited by Laurence McFalls and Lothar Probst

This volume represents the efforts of fifteen scholars from Europe and North America to work through the complex and sometimes compromising past and the current struggles that together define eastern German identity, society, and politics ten years after unification. Their papers offer an exemplary illustration of the variety of disciplinary methods and new source materials on which established and younger scholars can draw today to further differentiated understanding of the old GDR and the young Länder. In a volume that will interest students of German history, cultural studies and comparative politics, the authors show how utopian ideals quickly degenerated into a dictatorship that provoked the everyday resistance at all levels of society that ultimately brought the regime to its demise. They also suggest how the GDR might live on in memory to shape the emerging varieties of postcommunist politics in the young states of the Federal Republic and how the GDR experience might inspire new practices and concepts for German society as a whole. Most importantly, the papers here testify to the multidisciplinary vitality of a field whose original object of enquiry disappeared over a decade ago.

Essays on the Song Cycle and on Defining the Field

Proceedings of the Second International Conference on Word and Music Studies at Ann Arbor, MI, 1999

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Edited by Walter Bernhart and Werner Wolf

This volume assembles twelve interdisciplinary essays that were originally presented at the Second International Conference on Word and Music Studies at Ann Arbor, MI, in 1999, a conference organized by the International Association for Word and Music Studies (WMA).
The contributions to this volume focus on two centres of interest. The first deals with general issues of literature and music relations from culturalist, historical, reception-aesthetic and cognitive points of view. It covers issues such as conceptual problems in devising transdisciplinary histories of both arts, cultural functions of opera as a means of reflecting postcolonial national identity, the problem of verbalizing musical experience in nineteenth-century aesthetics and of understanding reception processes triggered by musicalized fiction.
The second centre of interest deals with a specific genre of vocal music as an obvious area of word and music interaction, namely the song cycle. As a musico-literary genre, the song cycle not only permits explorations of relations between text and music in individual songs but also raises the question if, and to what extent words and/or music contribute to creating a larger unity beyond the limits of single songs. Elucidating both of these issues with stimulating diversity the essays in this section highlight classic nineteenth- and twentieth-century song cycles by Franz Schubert, Robert Schumann, Hugo Wolf, Richard Strauss and Benjamin Britten and also include the discussion of a modern successor of the song cycle, the concept album as part of today’s popular culture.

Travellers in Time and Space / Reisende durch Zeit und Raum

The German Historical Novel / Der deutschsprachige historische Roman

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Edited by Osman Durrani and Julian Preece

Ernst Thälmann

Mensch und Mythos

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Edited by Peter Monteath

Diese Sammlung bietet eine breit angelegte Neubewertung des Lebens und der historischen Rolle von Ernst Thälmann, dem Vorsitzenden der Deutschen Kommunistischen Partei in der Zeit 1925 bis zu seiner Verhaftung von den Nazis 1933. Eine bedeutende Figur zu Lebzeiten - Thälmann war KPD-Führer während einer schicksalsschweren Zeit in der deutschen Geschichte - Thälmanns politische Rolle war keinesfalls auf die Zeit vor seinem Mord im Jahr 1944 begrenzt. In der DDR wurde er zum unangreifbaren Märtyrer im antifaschistischen Kampf erhoben.
Die Beiträge in der ersten Hälfte des Bandes unternehmen anhand erst neulich zugänglicher Materialien aus den Archiven eine kritische Auseinandersetzung mit der historischen Figur Thälmann, von seiner Jugend bis hin zu seiner Haftzeit. In der zweiten Hälfte richtet sich das Augenmerk auf die politisch motivierte Bildung und Instrumentalisierung des Thälmann-Mythos in der offiziellen Geschichtsschreibung, im Film, in Denkmälern und in der Kunst der DDR.
Der Band wird allen Wissenschaftlern, die auf den Gebieten moderne deutsche Geschichte und Geschichte der DDR arbeiten, von Interesse sein.
This collection offers a wide-ranging re-evaluation of the life and the influence of Ernst Thälmann, the leader of the German Communist Party from 1925 through to his arrest and imprisonment by the Nazis in 1933. Significant in the context of his own life-time - Thälmann was KPD leader through a fateful period of German history - Thälmann’s political influence was by no means confined to the period before his murder in 1944. In the GDR he was promoted to the status of unassailable martyr to the antifascist cause.
The contributions in the first half of the volume re-examine critically and on the basis of newly accessible archival material the historical figure of Thälmann, from his early years through to the period of his incarceration. The second half of the collection then turns to the GDR's politically motivated creation and manipulation of the Thälmann myth, as it found representation in official history, in film and in art.
The volume will be of interest to scholars working in the area of modern German or East German history.

Finding a Voice

Problems of Language in East German Society and Culture

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Edited by Graham Jackman and Ian F. Roe

Finding a Voice explores aspects of the use and function of language in East Germany which resulted from Party control of public discourse during the period of the German Democratic Republic. A distinctive feature of the volume, which brings together essays by British and German scholars, is the wide variety of areas which are incorporated in this survey - from political and public discourse, through aspects of sociolinguistics and the teaching of German, to a spectrum of artistic forms ranging from rock music and film to poetry and the novel. In particular, the relationship between public discourse and the events of the ‘Wende' is explored in a number of contributions. Most of the works and issues considered are discussed in English here for the first time, and the volume as a whole should be of interest to scholars concerned with the GDR and with contemporary German culture, to undergraduate and postgraduate students, and also to others interested in the history and culture of Germany since 1945. Nine of the essays are in English and four in German.

Postmoderne Literatur in deutscher Sprache

Eine Ästhetik des Widerstands?

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Edited by Henk Harbers

Der Band enthält 15 Artikel zur Frage nach postmodernen Schreibweisen in der deutschsprachigen Literatur. Anders als viele eher theoretisierende Beiträge auf diesem Gebiet besteht die Mehrzahl der hier versammelten Aufsätze aus konkreten Textanalysen. Es gibt Beiträge zur bundesdeutschen Literatur aus den letzten vier Jahrzehnten, zur Literatur der DDR, der Schweiz und in Österreich, zu feministischer und interkultureller Literatur. Die Leitfrage ist fast allen Beiträgen lautet: Gibt es ein postmodernes Schreiben, das ein kritisches, politisches und ethisches Engagement nicht ausschließt und das an Vorstellungen von subjektiver Authentizität festhält?

Germany and Eastern Europe

Cultural Identities and Cultural Differences

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Edited by Keith Bullivant, Geoffrey Giles and Walter Pape

The opening up, and subsequent tearing down, of the Berlin Wall in 1989 effectively ended a historically unique period for Europe that had drastically changed its face over a period of fifty years and redefined, in all sorts of ways, what was meant by East and West. For Germany in particular this radical change meant much more than unification of the divided country, although initially this process seemed to consume all of the country's energies and emotions. While the period of the Cold War saw the emergence of a Federal Republic distinctly Western in orientation, the coming down of the Iron Curtain meant that Germany's relationship with its traditional neighbours to the East and the South-East, which had been essentially frozen or redefined in different ways for the two German states by the Cold War, had to be rediscovered. This volume, which brings together scholars in German Studies from the United States, Germany and other European countries, examines the history of the relationship between Germany and Eastern Europe and the opportunities presented by the changes of the 1990's, drawing particular attention to the interaction between the willingness of German and its Eastern neighbours to work for political and economic inte-gration, on the one hand, and the cultural and social problems that stem from old prejudices and unresolved disputes left over from the Second World War, on the other.