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Nicola Rogers

It is over 35 years since the Association Agreement between Turkey and the EC was signed, and only slow progress has been made towards the accession of Turkey to the Community. However, the benefits of the Agreement in terms of the rights bestowed on Turkish workers in the Community cannot be negated. The Agreement and its subsidiary legislation now provide the most established rights of third country nationals in Community law.
This volume provides an essential reference to the provisions of the Agreement and subsequent Council of Association decisions as they affect migrant workers from Turkey. It also contains an up-to-date analysis of the ECJ rulings in the field.
It includes: - the relevant texts of the Agreement and the Council of Association decisions; - the texts of all the ECJ judgments in the field; detailed analysis of the provisions and ECJ judgments. This comprehensive guide to the EC-Turkey Association Agreement is useful to both practitioners and academics.

New Political Entities in Public and Private International Law

with special reference to the Palestinian Entity

Edited by Amos Shapira and Mala Tabory

New political entities usually come into being in the midst of political wrangling, often accompanied by security problems and, not infrequently, violence. This book, taking the Israeli-Palestinian conflict as its starting point, goes on to deal with the general problems of new entities, including such core concepts as sovereignty, autonomy and legal personality. In exploring human rights issues, the complex notions of nationality and minority rights are examined. On a more practical level, several authors inquire into issues of legal assistance in civil and criminal matters, security arrangements, fiscal and monetary policies, foreign investment guarantees, economic privatization, and transboundary water pollution. On many of these topics, German and European legal experience is introduced to shed a useful comparative light. Altogether, this volume represents an attempt to provide a primer for those responsible for, or interested in, the various aspects of new political entities at the end of the second millennium.

Israel Among the Nations

International and Comparative Law Perspectives on Israel's 50th Anniversary

Edited by Alfred E. Kellermann, Kurt Siehr and Talia Einhorn

This book, written on the occasion of Israel's 50th Anniversary, underlines the tension between Israel, the unique Jewish State among nations, and Israel, a nation like many others. On the one hand, it analyzes her special features: the founding of the State, Israel's contributions to the development of the Law of Nations, and her complex relations with the United Nations. On the other hand, it cautions against originality where harmony is required. Citizens can only enjoy their rights and freedoms if constitutionalism and constitutional values are given a firm legal basis. Legislation and jurisprudence must provide them with the certainty and the security needed to acquire rights, conduct their affairs and engage in transactions both domestic and foreign. The experience gained in the European Community and other European States on their road to harmonization could provide helpful guidance.


United Nations

The 1996 edition of the Yearbook of the United Nations is the single most comprehensive and authoritative reference book about the work of the United Nations and related international organizations and bodies. Fully indexed and reproducing all major General Assembly, Security Council and Economic and Social Council resolutions, the volume is not only useful for diplomats, government officials and scholars, but also for researchers, writers, journalists, teachers, students and others with a serious interest in international and UN affairs.
This volume of the Yearbook details the many activities of the Organization and its organs, programmes and bodies, as they are carried out in all corners of the globe. It gives an account of their endeavours to create better and more peaceful conditions for all mankind and records their efforts to deal with matters of pressing concern in a variety of areas, including peacekeeping and peacemaking, disarmament, human rights, trade and development, control of drug abuse and illicit trafficking, crime prevention, assistance to refugees and other vulnerable populations.
Building on the experience of its first 50 years, the United Nations continued in 1996 to confront major global challenges. The observance of the International Year for the Eradication of Poverty can be seen as a benchmark for action to address a plethora of global ills that beset the majority of Earth's nearly 6 billion inhabitants - hunger, inadequate housing, disease, the deterioration of the environment, unemployment. During the year, the United Nations convened two major conferences - the `City Summit' in Istanbul, centering on the two themes of adequate shelter for all, and sustainable human settlement development in an urbanizing world, and the World Food Summit in Rome, whose main goal was food security for all. The Yearbook chronicles these events and many other milestones reached, making it an invaluable tool for anyone seeking in-depth information about the United Nations family.

Also available from the UN, Sales No. E.97.I.1

As of volume 51 (1997) the Yearbook of the United Nations will no longer be published by Kluwer Law International.

Please contact the United Nations Bookshops in New York or Geneva for future volumes at:

UN Bookshop; Room GA-32; United Nations; New York; NY 10017; USA

Tel. 1-212-963-7680; Fax 1-212-963-4910


UN Bookshop; Door 40; Palais des Nations; 1211 Geneva 10; Switzerland

Tel. 41-22-917-2606; Fax 41-22-917-0027

Security Flashpoints

Oil, Islands, Sea Access and Military Confrontation


Edited by John Norton Moore and Myron H. Nordquist

Security Flashpoints: Oil, Islands, Sea Access and Military Confrontation covers a range of controversial issues rife with potential for provoking military confrontation in the world's salt water areas. Understanding the factual setting for flashpoints in the oceans requires an appreciation of the geographic circumstances of the disputants. This work starts with a global overview of island disputes provided by two leading geographers. They examine the pivotal relationship between sovereignty claims to islands and delimitation of ocean boundaries throughout the world.
The most serious and complicated series of island disputes exists in the South China Sea where multiple national claims are asserted to sovereignty over the Spratly and Paracel Islands. This work gives not only an update on the status of the informal negotiations over the past several years but also the most complete insider's account so far made available in print of the unresolved issues. A suggestion is made for a constructive step toward a peaceful solution by outlining a Spratly Resource Development Agency.
Another area that is brought to the attention is Southeastern Europe: the Danube River, the Adriatic Sea, the Caspian and Black Seas with particular emphasis on navigation through the Dardanelles; a definitive analysis is given of the critical freedom of navigation issues in the Strait of Hormuz as well as a comprehensive commentary on the outstanding boundary delimitation controversies in the Persian Gulf. The island and delimitation disputes in East Asian seas are also extensively discussed. The book finishes with a concept of adding political power to the legal doctrine of `critical date' in settling maritime boundary disputes.
This work is of particular importance to lawyers involved in the seminal role that the Rule of Law plays for the peaceful resolution of ocean disputes.
The work is based on a conference jointly sponsored by the Council on Foreign Relations, the Center for Oceans Law and Policy and the Center for National Security Law, University of Virginia School of Law.

Edited by Jan Zielonka

The European Union's foreign policy is full of paradoxes. The Union aspires to be a powerful international actor without becoming a super-state. It hopes to prevent and manage conflicts, but refrains from acquiring the military means to do so. It embarks on the project of widening its borders, but continues its deepening project which makes the entrance hurdles for applicant countries ever higher. It wishes to maintain strong transatlantic links, but continues to build institutions that make the EU more independent from - if not competitive with - the United States. In this stimulating book, distinguished European and American intellectuals offer solutions to imperative but unanswered questions: How can the Union's enormous normative `power of attraction' combined with its operational weakness be explained? Can the Union remain a `civilian power' when coping with an `uncivilized' world? Can a European foreign policy get off the ground without prior emergence of a European demos? Are national policies within the Union increasingly convergent or divergent? And how can the Union's international performance be assessed?

Edited by Martti Koskenniemi

The debate about the relationship between international and community law usually centres on the question of which of these two `belongs' to the other, and how `special' community legal order is in relation to international law.
In this volume, a distinguished group of Finnish and British academics and practitioners break new ground by, instead of becoming mired in these questions, clearly examining the international law aspects of the activities of the Community and the Union. In doing so, they have elucidated points of connection and possible points of conflict. The result is a thought-provoking collection of essays which examines community law through the conceptual grid of international law, and thus enriches our understanding of the workings of both.

The OSCE in the Maintenance of Peace and Security

Conflict Prevention, Crisis Management and Peaceful Settlement of Disputes

Edited by Michael Bothe, Natalino Ronzitti and Allan Rosas


Stuart B. Kaye

This is the twelfth book in the series International Straits of the World which describes the geography of a narrow waterway linking two seas and its relevance to shipping, economic development, and social welfare in the region, especially examining the legal status of the strait and its international relations.
As a central focus, this study addresses the legal status of the Strait in the light of the 1982 U.N. Law of the Sea Convention. The Convention not only prescribes limits to the territorial sea, an exclusive economic zone and a continental shelf for coastal states, but also addresses rules for the transit of straits for international navigation. The book details the unusual demarcation of Australian territorial seas in certain islands and the unique fisheries - deep seabed lines of jurisdiction.
Finally, this study turns sympathetically to the welfare of the Islanders, a small distinct ethnic group which has suffered losses in land, culture, and independence through the rush of western civilization. The author illuminates the importance of the Protected Zone established by the Torres Strait Treaty to Islander economic and environmental concerns. He also examines and takes a position on the feasibility of an independent state for the Islanders.


Mark J. Valencia, Jon M. van Dyke and Noel A. Ludwig