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Interdisciplinary Perspectives on Gender and Emotion
Sexed Sentiments provides a gender perspective on the recent turn to affect in criticism. It presents new work by scholars from different disciplines working on gender and emotion, a field par excellence where an interdisciplinary focus is fruitful. This collection presents essays from disciplines like history, literary studies, psychology, sociology and queer studies, focusing on subjects varying from masculinity in the cult of sensibility to the role of empathy in forging feminist solidarities. The volume illuminates how new theoretical approaches to both gender and emotion may be productively applied to a variety of fields.
Didier Anzieu, gender and the sense of touch
Author: Naomi Segal
The body is an emissary. We know little of our own feelings or the feelings of others, but that ignorance is mediated through our organ of touch, the skin. The term ‘consensuality’ stands for the co-presence of perceptions on the skin, which is the backcloth to sensation and thought. If the intelligence of the body is the basis of both sense and consent, consensuality also has to do with human relations based on the sense of touch, particularly the mother-child couple and the relation of desire, love and loss.
This book touches on a range of cultural figures including Gide, Princess Diana, Kafka, Gautier and Rilke, and such films as Gattaca, The Talented Mr Ripley, Being John Malkovich, The Piano and The Truman Show, together with theories of the caress, phantom limbs and replacement children. Connecting all these is the work of psychoanalyst Didier Anzieu, who wrote on group psychology, psychodrama, psychic envelopes, creativity and thought; he also published a study of May ‘68 written from the heart of Nanterre. He was analysed by Lacan, not knowing at the time that the latter had treated Anzieu’s mother. His Le Moi-peau (The Skin-ego) shows how the psychic skin holds, protects and communicates but can also constrict or tear. If love enwraps and loss flays, how do we mourn?
Perspectives on Gender and Class in the History of British and Irish Psychiatry
Volume Editor: Anne Digby
This innovative collection of essays employs historical and sociological approaches to provide important case studies of asylums, psychiatry and mental illness in England, Wales, Scotland and Ireland. Leading scholars in the field working on a variety of geographical, temporal, socio-cultural, economic and political contexts, show how class and gender have historically affected and conditioned the thinking, language, and processes according to which society identified and responded to the mentally ill. Contributors to this volume focus on both class and gender and thus are able to explore their interaction, whereas previous publications addressed class or gender incidentally, partially, or in isolation. By adopting this dual focus as its unifying theme, the volume is able to supply new insights into such interesting topics as patient careers, the relationship between lay and professional knowledge of insanity, the boundaries of professional power, and the creation of psychiatric knowledge. Particularly useful to student readers (and to those new to this academic field) is a substantive and accessible introduction to existing scholarship in the field, which signposts the ways in which this collection challenges, adjusts and extends previous perspectives.
Literary Texts, Social and Cultural Contexts
Volume Editors: Michael Finke and Carl Niekerk
Just over a century has passed since the sexologist Richard von Krafft-Ebing coined the term “masochism” in a revised edition of his Psychopathia Sexualis (1890). Put into circulation as part of the fin-de-siècle process through which sexuality and sexual practices considered deviant became medicalized, this suspicious concept grew in significance and explanatory power in the expanding new context of psychoanalytic discourse. Today the study of masochism shows signs of becoming a discipline in its own right, the political, social, and cultural ramifications of which exceed and, indeed, render problematic, traditional psychoanalytic perspectives on the phenomenon. The essays in this volume demonstrate, however, that the concept of masochism still offers a point of entry into psychoanalytic theory that, while revealing a number of its most vexing insufficiencies and problematic constructions, evokes also a sometimes surprising illuminative potential and capacity to adapt to changing social realities. And as the volume's title is meant to suggest, the authors represented here tend to agree that the continued rich viability of psychoanalytic theory in cultural analysis is best appreciated and ensured through engaging the theory's own social-historical and cultural contexts.
The volume includes clinical perspectives on masochism, and articles on medieval romance, Goethe, Sacher-Masoch, Krafft-Ebing's Psychopathia Sexualis, Turgenev, Tolstoy, Multatuli, Fassbinder, and masochism and postmodernism.
Eine qualitative Studie zu religiösen Orientierungen von Frauen aus der charismatisch-evangelikalen Bewegung
In diesem Band wird die religiöse Kultur einer charismatischen Frauengruppe psychologisch analysiert. Partizipierende Beobachtungen, Dokumentenanalysen und narrative Interviews bilden den methodischen Zugang zu den religiösen Deutungen des Alltags und der eigenen Lebensgeschichte. Die Analysen zeigen, daß die Bekehrung zur charismatisch-evangelikalen Variante des christlichen Fundamentalismus die Konstruktion eines Erfahrungs- und Erwartungsraums erlaubt, welcher sich durch einen Zuwachs an individuellen Gestaltungsmöglichkeiten auszeichnet. Alltagspraktisch bieten sich dadurch u.a. Möglichkeiten der Rationalisierung von Entscheidungen und der Bewältigung von Kontingenzen. Lebenspraktisch können durch die religiöse Strukturierung von Erfahrungen deren personale, soziale und leibliche Dimensionen wieder akzentuiert und zu einer stringenten Lebensform verbunden werden. Dazu gehören auch ritualisierte Formen narrativer Selbstthematisierung, welche die Konstruktion einer kohärenten Biographie erlauben. Eine feministisch-kritische Interpretation derartiger Lebensgeschichten zeigt, daß manche dieser Erzählungen auch als Emanzipationsgeschichten gelesen werden können.
Gegenstandstheoretische Überlegungen zum Religionsbegriff und der methodische Entwurf einer kulturpsychologischen Religionsforschung bilden den metatheoretischen Kontext dieser empirischen Studie. Dabei wird das Konzept einer Religionspsychologie als hermeneutischer Kulturanalyse theoretisch ausgearbeitet und zugleich empirisch erprobt.
Questions of Identity