Browse results

You are looking at 1 - 10 of 241 items for :

  • Epistemology & Metaphysics x
  • Just Published x
  • Search level: All x
Clear All
Studies in Contemporary Phenomenology publishes research in phenomenological philosophy and its hermeneutical and deconstructive extensions. The series focuses on the relevance of phenomenology for human life, its relation to the world and contemporary culture. The series publishes volumes on current topics in phenomenology, as well as on major authors in the phenomenological movement, and on significant developments within the field. It also welcomes studies that relate the phenomenological approach to other disciplines in philosophy, the humanities, literary and cultural studies.

The series published an average of two volumes per year over the last 5 years.
Die Idee der Energie in der französischen Spätaufklärung (1770–1820). Aus dem Französischen von Heinz Thoma
Author:
Translator:
Die erstmalige Übersetzung eines Standardwerks zur Geschichte der Idee der Energie im Übergang vom 18. zum 19. Jahrhundert.
Diese Ideengeschichte löst eingeführte Sichtweisen auf das Zeitalter der Aufklärung auf. Sie konstatiert am Beispiel der Energie einen Bruch mit der Kultur des Klassizismus, zieht neue Verbindungslinien zur Romantik, löst tradierte Gegensätze von Idealismus und Materialismus, Tugend und Libertinage, Empfindsamkeit und Grausamkeit auf und erlaubt einen neuen Blick auf die Epoche der Terreur.
This book of original papers offers fresh approaches to skepticism–a topic in philosophy with a noble two-millennia history; and one that even inaugurated modern philosophy in Descartes’s Meditations. Particularly with the rise of scientific forms or models of philosophy, skepticism today is often treated as a dead-end not worthy of serious reflection. In contrast to this prevailing attitude, the skepticisms discussed in these pages are alive. Here are assembled leading thinkers who claim at least some forms of skepticism to be true (e.g. skepticism about ethics or metaphysics) or insightful enough to be a lasting source of philosophical enlightenment and inspiration.
Identität – Einheit – Würde
Author:
Diese Studie entwickelt einen umfassenden Begriff personaler Identität, der gleichermaßen theoretische wie praktische Fragestellungen betrifft. Personen werden dabei als Lebensformen verstanden, die komplexe Selbst- und Fremdverhältnisse eingehen. Im kritischen Durchgang durch klassische und neuere Theorien der Person entwickelt die Arbeit einen neuartigen Ansatz, der es erlaubt, Personen als Lebewesen zu denken, denen eine unantastbare Würde zukommt. Indem die Studie auf die personale Form unseres Lebens reflektiert, grenzt sie sich einerseits von Auffassungen ab, die unsere Identität allein in unserer biologischen Natur erblicken, und andererseits von solchen, die unsere Identität auf rein kognitive Prozesse zurückführen.
The monograph offers an in-depth, source-oriented presentation and analysis of the complex discussions that took place between ca. 1230 and 1350 on the differentiation and expansion of the structural concept of scientific knowledge and certainty in lifeworld-contingent areas of investigation. It makes transparent a development in the course of which a graduated, multidimensional conception of knowledge and certainty emerges. In the process, the masters gain pioneering insights into the philosophy of science. Starting from the key data provided by Aristotle, the scholastic scholars' productive, far-reaching further thinking leads to a deeper understanding of the nature and reliability of scientifically acquired knowledge. These intellectual endeavours were significantly challenged by the increasing knowledge of the spectrum of the transmitted Aristotelian and Arabic sciences. They also received significant impulses from epistemological reflection in theology.
Editor:
The Great Protector of Wits provides a new assessment of baron d’Holbach (1723–1789) and his circle. A challenging figure of the European Enlightenment, Paul-Henri Thiry d’Holbach was not only a radically materialistic philosopher, a champion of anticlericalism, the author of the Système de la nature – known as ‘the Bible of atheists’ –, an idéologue, a popularizer of the natural sciences and a prolific contributor to the Encyclopédie, but he also played a crucial role as an organizer of intellectual networks and was a master of disseminating clandestine literature and a consummate strategist in authorial fictions. In this collective volume, for the first time, all these different threads of d’Holbach’s ‘philosophy in action’ are considered and analyzed in their interconnection.

Contributors to this volume: Jacopo Agnesina, Nicholas Cronk, Mélanie Éphrème, Enrico Galvagni, Jonathan Israel, Alan Charles Kors, Mladen Kozul, Brunello Lotti, Emilio Mazza, Gianluca Mori, Iryna Mykhailova, Gianni Paganini, Paolo Quintili, Alain Sandrier, Ruggero Sciuto, Maria Susana Seguin, and Gerhardt Stenger.
The Impact, Spread and Decline of the Calculatores Tradition
Volume Editors: and
Aristotelian philosophy is generally regarded as incompatible with the mathematical methods and principles that form the basis of modern science. This book offers an entirely new perspective on this presumed incompatibility. It surveys the tradition of the Oxford Calculators from its beginnings in the fourteenth century until Leibniz and the philosophy of the seventeenth century and explores how the Calculators' techniques of quantification expanded the conceptual and methodological limits of Aristotelianism. In the process, it examines a large number of authors, some of them never studied in this context. Exploring the relationship between various late medieval disciplines, the book sheds new light on the problem of continuity vs. discontinuity between scholasticism and modern science. Beyond its historiographical purpose, this book also hopes to be a source of inspiration for present-day philosophers of science.
Author:
In Suhrawardī’s Illuminationism, Jari Kaukua offers a new interpretation of Shihāb al-Dīn al-Suhrawardī’s (d. 1191 CE) illuminationist (ishrāqī) philosophy. Commonly portrayed as a philosophically inclined mystic, Suhrawardī appears here as a perspicacious critic of Avicenna who developed his critique into an alternative philosophical system.
Focusing on metaphysics and theory of science, Kaukua argues that Suhrawardī’s illuminationist philosophy combines rigorous metaphysical monism with a modest but positive assessment of scientific explanation. This philosophical core of Suhrawardī’s illuminationism is reconcilable with but independent of the mystical side of the shaykh al-ishrāq.
Rawls and Plato, Aristotle, Augustine, Aquinas
John Rawls is the most influential 20th century political philosopher, but critics have complained about the ahistorical character of his approach. The purpose of this book is to argue that these critics are, at best, only half correct.Pre-Liberal Political Philosophy concentrates on four pre-liberal thinkers who are major figures in the history of philosophy and who are surprisingly formative in the development of Rawls’s mature political philosophy: Plato, Aristotle, Augustine, and Aquinas.
Several illuminating connections are drawn between Rawls’s political liberalism and Plato’s contrasting appeal to the “noble lie” in politics, between Rawls’s overall method of reflective equilibrium and Aristotle’s dialectic, between Rawls’s opposition to merit in the distribution of wealth and Augustine’s similar anti-Pelagian stance, and between Rawls’s view of a just society as a common good of common goods and the natural law dimension of Aquinas’s philosophy. In general, the distance between Rawlsian abstraction and his historical embeddedness is lessened considerably.
Volume Editor:
What is knowledge? This fundamental question is treated with unprecedented depth by Plato in his Theaetetus, where it opens the path to many puzzles and issues we are still coping with in our days: what is the nature of perception, belief, justification, truth? Which objects can be properly known? How are we to account for cognitive mistakes? How can the mind be "in touch" with the world? This book provides fresh, rigorous and original explorations of the main themes of the dialogue by well-established scholars who work on Plato and Platonism, especially on Plato's theory of knowledge.