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Racines et déracinements au grand écran

Trajectoires migratoires dans le cinéma français du XXIème siècle

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Edited by Marianne Bessy and Carole Salmon

Racines et déracinements au grand écran examine les représentations de la migration dans le cinéma français contemporain. L’héritage du passé colonial français, la décolonisation et les vagues d’immigration vers l’Hexagone continuent de jouer un rôle majeur dans la société française d’aujourd’hui. Les débats liés à l’« identité nationale » et à l’insécurité, la banalisation du programme du Front National, les reconduites à la frontière de Roms ou la crise des migrants en Méditerranée font que la question migratoire est une préoccupation pour la société et la scène politique française. L’ouvrage analyse comment des réalisateurs français tels que Yamina Benguigui, Laurent Cantet, Philippe Faucon, Philippe Lioret ou Marie-Claude Pernelle abordent les trajectoires migratoires (passées et présentes) propres à l’espace national français et les débats qu’elles suscitent.


Racines et déracinements au grand écran examines representations of migration in contemporary French cinema. The historical legacy of the French colonial past and of decolonization, with its subsequent waves of immigration to the Hexagone continues to impact French society. Debates over “national identity” and insecurity, the increasing success of the Front National platform, the recent Roma repatriations, and migrant crisis in the Mediterranean are only a few examples of the importance of the migration question in French society and politics today. The book analyzes how migratory trajectories (past and present) within the national French space, and the debates surrounding them, have been addressed by contemporary French directors - amongst others Yamina Benguigui, Laurent Cantet, Philippe Faucon, Philippe Lioret and Marie-Claude Pernelle - in their films.


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Edited by Stefano Ercolino, Massimo Fusillo, Mirko Lino and Luca Zenobi

Since cinema is a composite language, describing a movie is a complex challenge for critics and writers, and greatly differs from the ancient and successful genre of the ekphrasis, the literary description of a visual work of art. Imaginary Films in Literature deals with a specific and significant case within this broad category: the description of imaginary, non-existent movies – a practice that is more widespread than one might expect, especially in North American postmodern fiction. Along with theoretical contributions, the book includes the analyses of some case studies focusing on the borders between the visual and the literary, intermedial practices of hybridization, the limits of representation, and other related notions such as “memory”, “fragmentation”, “desire”, “genre”, “authorship”, and “censorship”.

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Kathryn L. Ambrose

Kathryn Ambrose offers a new approach to the Woman Question in mid- to late-nineteenth-century English, German and Russian literature. Using a methodological framework based on feminist theory and post-structuralism, she provides a re-vision of canonical texts (such as Jane Eyre, Wuthering Heights, Middlemarch, Effi Briest, Fathers and Children and Anna Karenina) alongside lesser-known works by Emily and Charlotte Brontë, George Eliot, Theodor Storm, Theodor Fontane, Ivan Turgenev and Leo Tolstoy. Her exploration of the semiotics of barriers – as opposed to the established approach of the semiotics of space – makes for a rewarding reading of this period of literature and establishes new cross-cultural and literary connections between the three countries.

Balzac et consorts

Scénographies familiales des conflits historiques dans le roman du XIXe siècle

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Edited by Pascale Auraix-Jonchière

Balzac et consorts. Scénographies familiales des conflits historiques dans le roman du XIXe siècle présente un ensemble d’études qui mettent en évidence la façon dont le microcosme de la famille tel que le roman du XIXe siècle le met en scène reflète les principaux conflits historiques de l’époque.
Sous l’égide de Balzac, chez qui le roman fictionnalise exemplairement le rapport à l’Histoire, ces romans ne sont pas abordés comme une source documentaire mais bien comme le lieu d’une Histoire en actes dont les ondes de choc se propagent jusqu’au coeur de l’intime. Dans ce contexte, la notion de « scénographie » est centrale : elle désigne à la fois un dispositif narratif et une théâtralisation de ces conflits.

Contributions de : Fabienne Bercegol, Claudie Bernard, Céline Bricault, Suzel Esquier, Isabelle Hervouet-Farrar, François Kerlouégan, Mireille Labouret, Alex Lascar, Roland Le Huenen, Jean-Philippe Luis, Maria Makropoulou, Marion Mas, Thierry Poyet, Éléonore Reverzy, Anne Rouhette, Claude Schopp, Jean-Christophe Valtat.

Balzac et consorts. Scénographies familiales des conflits historiques dans le roman du XIXe siècle highlights the way in which family networks as depicted in the novels throughout the 19th century mirror the main historical conflicts of that period.
As in Balzac’s novels, whose fiction exemplarily translates the effects of historical events on the individuals, these narratives are not considered as a collection of documents but rather as a special way of staging History and its main consequences onto the very heart of intimate relationships. In this context, the notion of “scenography” is essential: it points both to a narrative device and to a dramatization of these conflicts.

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Kamila Pawlikowska

Anti-Portraits: Poetics of the Face in Modern English, Polish and Russian Literature (1835-1965) is a study of a-physiognomic descriptions of the face. It demonstrates that writers such as George Eliot, Leo Tolstoy, Edgar Allan Poe, Nicolay Gogol, Virginia Woolf and Witold Gombrowicz vigorously resisted the belief that facial features reflect character.

While other studies tend to focus on descriptions which affirm physiognomy, this book examines portraits which question popular face-reading systems and contravene their common premise – the surface-depth principle. Such portraits reveal that physiognomic formula is a cultural construct, invented to abridge, organise and regulate legibility of the human face. Most importantly, strange and ‘unreadable’ fictional faces frequently expose the connection between physiognomic judgement and stereotyping, prejudice and racism.

Gender Justice in Muslim-Christian Readings

Christian and Muslim Women in Norway: Making Meaning of Texts from the Bible, the Koran, and the Hadith

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Anne Hege Grung

In recent decades, women in the Christian and Islamic traditions have been negotiating what it means to participate in religious practice as a woman within the two traditions, and how to interpret canonical scripture. This book creates a shared space for Muslim and Christian women with diverse cultural and denominational backgrounds, by making meaning of texts from the Bible, the Koran, and the Hadith. It builds on the reading and discussion of the Hagar narratives, as well as 1 Timothy 2:8-15 and Sura 4:34 from the New Testament and the Koran respectively, by a group of both Christian and Muslim women. Interpretative strategies and contextual analyses emerge from the hermeneutical analysis of the women’s discussions on the ambiguous contributions of the texts mentioned above to the traditional views on women.
This book shows how intertextual dialogue between the Christian and Islamic traditions establishes an interpretative community through the encounter of Christian and Muslim readers. The negotiation between a search for gender justice and the Christian and Islamic traditions as lived religions is extended into a quest for gender justice through the co-reading of texts. In times when gender and the status of women are played into the field of religious identity politics, this book shows that bringing female readers together to explore the canonical texts in the two traditions provides new insights about the texts, the contexts, and the ways in which Muslim-Christian dialogue can provide complex and promising hermeneutical space where important questions can be posed and shared strategies found.

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Edited by Susana Araújo, Marta Pacheco Pinto and Sandra Bettencourt

At a time when the mass media insist on bombarding us with news about natural, political and economic disasters, words, ideas and images associated with such “crises” and “catastrophes” shape to a great extent collective memory and current imagination. Fear and Fantasy in a Global World seeks to stir the debate on the processes and meanings of, as well as on the relations between, fear and fantasy in the globalized world. Collective fears and fantasies are analysed from a number of cross-disciplinary perspectives, promoted by the epistemological underpinnings of comparative literature. In various ways and from different disciplinary angles, the 17 essays here gathered respond to and scrutinize key questions related to the imaginaries of fear and fantasy, as well as their relations to trauma, crisis, anxiety, and representations of both the conscious and the unconscious.

Contributors: Alexandra Hills, Ana Filipa Prata, Brecht de Groote, Christin Grunert, Christopher Bollas, Daniela Di Pasquale, David Vichnar, Edith Beltrán, Gero Guttzeit, Hande Gurses, Harriet Hulme, James Rushing Daniel, João Pedro da Costa, Margarita García Candeira, Marija Sruk, Martijn Boven, and Ortwin de Graef.

Cosmopolitanism and the Postnational

Literature and the New Europe

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Edited by César Domínguez and Theo D'haen

In recent years postnational theory has become a primary tool for the analysis of European integration. Though interpretations of the concept vary, there is a wide consensus about postnationalism as a way to forge a European identity beyond a particular national history. In line with the German historical context in which this key concept was formulated in the first place, postnationalism is considered to be an adaptation of Kantian cosmopolitanism to the conditions of the modern world. This collection of essays is the first to systematically and comparatively explore the links between postnationalism and cosmopolitanism within the context of the “New Europe”.

Contributors: Susana Araújo, Sibylle Baumbach, Helena Buescu, John Crosetti, Maria DiBattista, César Domínguez, Soren Frank, Birgit Mara Kaiser, Dorothy Odartey-Wellington, Maria Esteves Pereira, Karen-Margrethe Simonsen, Aysegul Turan.

Narrated Communities – Narrated Realities

Narration as Cognitive Processing and Cultural Practice

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Edited by Hermann Blume, Christoph Leitgeb and Michael Rössner

Culture studies try to understand how people assume identities and how they perceive reality. In this perspective narration, as a basic form of cognitive processing, is a fundamental cultural technique. Narrations provide the coherence, temporal organization and semantic integration that are essential for the development and communication of identity, knowledge and orientation in a socio-cultural context.
In essence, Anderson’s “Imagined Communities” need to be thought of as “Narrated Communities” from the beginning. Narration is made up by what people think; and vice versa, narration makes up people's thoughts. What is considered "fictitious" or "real" no longer separates narratives from an "outside" they refer to, but rather represents different narratives.
Narration not only constructs notions of what was “real” in retrospect, but also prospectively creates possible worlds, even in the (supposedly hard) sciences, as in e.g. the imaginative simulation of physical processes. The book’s unique interdisciplinary approach shows how the implications of this fundamental insight go far beyond the sphere of literature and carry weight for both scholarly and scientific disciplines.

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Jeroen Vandaele

Billy Wilder is more popular and glorified in Spain than anywhere else. Estados de Gracia traces this remarkable fact back to Wilder’s key role in renewing the film repertoire under Franco. Even though Wilder’s films were rewritten and censored in Francoist Spain, many viewers still found them far more exciting than most domestic productions.

Drawing on a wealth of censorship files, reviews and dubbings, Estados de Gracia illuminates this paradoxical process of canonization despite censorship. Vandaele studies the censors and their activities, the manipulative translations, and the Francoist system of norms applied to Wilder. He also asks if Wilder’s humor somehow helped subvert that system and signals that the Spanish dubbings shown today are still partly Francoist.

Billy Wilder es más popular y glorificado en España que en cualquier otro país. Estados de Gracia relaciona esta observación con el papel clave que desempeñó Wilder en la renovación del repertorio cinematográfico bajo Franco. Aunque manipuladas, sus películas encarnaban para muchos espectadores algo emocionante en vez de dogmáticamente franquista.

Apoyándose en informes de censura, reseñas y doblajes franquistas, Vandaele ilumina este paradójico proceso de canonización y censura. Estudia a los censores y sus actividades, las traducciones manipulativas, y el sistema normativo franquista aplicado a Wilder. Investiga si el humor de Wilder contribuyó posiblemente a subvertir dicho sistema y señala que muchos doblajes que circulan hoy en día todavía presentan reminiscencias del franquismo.