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Les mémoires de Maalaŋ Galisa sur le royaume confédéré du Kaabu

Un récit en langue mandinka de la Guinée-Bissau


Cornelia Giesing and Denis Creissels

Edition d'un récit en mandinka par Maalaŋ Galisa (octobre 1988) sur la constitution et les conditions de vie au Kaabu, territoire situé entre la Gambie, le Sénégal et la Guinée-Bissau, connu depuis le 16e siècle et détruit vers 1867. La gamme des sujets couvre: le peuplement, le gouvernement, les codes de conduite des guerriers, religieux, esclaves et 'hôtes étrangers', les règles de l'esclavage, du mariage et de la succession, la coexistence des religions, les relations entre groupes d'âge et de genre.
Le texte diffère d'autres qui se focalisent sur un unique fondateur-patriarche, Tiramakan de l'épopée de Sunjata. Galisa parle du sud-est du Kaabu, à la frontière avec la Guinée. Il ajoute des couleurs locales au modèle mandinka, évoquant la puissance féminine et certains conflits violents.

Edition of a recital in Mandinka by Maalaŋ Galisa (October 1988) on the political constitution and living conditions in Kaabu, a territory situated between present Gambia, Senegal and Guinea-Bissau, known since the 16th century, definitely destroyed in 1867. The narrative presents a range of topics covering governance, codes of conduct of warriors, clerics, slaves and 'strangers', rules of slavery, marriage and succession, the cohabitation of different religions, relations of age and gender.
This text is distinctive from others focussing on a single founder-patriarch, Tiramakan of the Epic of Sunjata. Galisa focuses on South-eastern Kaabu, bordering on the region of Labé (Guinea). He adds local colours to the Mandinka model, depicting powerful women and violent conflicts resulting from injustice.

Ta:rikh Mandinka de Bijini (Guinée-Bissau)

La mémoire des Mandinka et des Sòoninkee du Kaabu


Cornelia Giesing and Valentin Vydrine

Ce tome présente le Ta:rikh Mandinka, un manuscrit rédigé en Arabe et en Mandinka, originaire du village de Bijini en Guinée-Bissau. Inédit jusqu’à présent, le manuscrit consiste en une compilation structurée et très originale sur le Kaabu, réunissant divers récits et chroniques focalisant les débuts mythiques et la chute de cet « empire » païen au milieu du 19ième siècle.
Deux versions du manuscrit et plusieurs interprétations (lectures) du Ta:rikh sont reproduites, transcrites, traduites et analysées en tenant compte de questions philologiques, historiques et anthropologiques. L'analyse regarde la communauté cléricale de Bijini en tant que lieu de transmission de savoirs dans un contexte local et régional.
Le point focal du livre est l’importance de la diaspora cléricale des Mandinka et Jaakanka (Jakhanké) dans le processus de la construction de l’histoire de l’ « empire » sòoninkee du Kaabu en Sénégambie. Le tome contient un glossaire des noms et des termes mentionnés par les sources, des illustrations, des tableaux, des cartes et des photographies.

This volume presents a hitherto unpublished manuscript written in Arabic and Mandinka from the muslim village of Bijini in Guinea-Bissau, the Ta:rikh Mandinka, a unique and structured compilation unfolding the pagan "empire" of Kaabu from it's mythical beginnings to it's downfall in the nineteenth-century. Two existing manuscript versions and several oral interpretations of the Ta:rikh are reproduced, transcribed, translated, compared and analysed considering philological, historical and social-anthropological issues (chaps. 1-3). The fourth chapter deals with the clerical community of Bijini as a place of knowledge-transfer in it's local setting and within regional networks.
The focus of the book is on the importance of the Mandinka and Jakhanka clerical diaspora in the making of the history of the Sooninkee "empire" of Kaabu in Senegambia. The volume contains a glossary of names and terms mentioned in the sources and is illustrated with maps, photographs and drawings.

Entretiens avec Bala Kanté

Une chronique du Manding du XXème siècle


Jan Jansen and Diarra Mountaga

This book is a bilingual (Maninkakan [ Malinké] - French) presentation of narratives by an old blacksmith, Bala Kanté. The narratives are strikingly coherent in the sense that they use use indigenous models for historic causation to recount of the changes Mali has gone through in the 20th century. Though the narratives often recount well-known oral traditions, Bala Kanté embeds them in an argument which is highly original. Hence, the texts are of great interests for both historical and literary research. Moreover, the book contains archival material about the Sobara region where Bala Kanté lived most of his life and which marginal but unique history may be a prerequisite for Kanté's unique oeuvre.

Les Rois des Tambours au Haayre

Récitée par Aamadu Baa Digi, griot des FulBe à Dalla (Mali)


Caroline Angenent, Anneke Breedveld, Mirjam de Bruijn and Han van Dijk

The text in this volume covers a large period. It runs from the intensification of Islamic teaching during the reign of Alu Maana, to the struggles and intrigues at the court when Seeku Aamadu reigned over the neighbouring Islamic emirate of Maasina, to the French colonial regime. During the latter episode, a lot of attention is given to the manipulation of the appointment of rulers and the subsequent decline of their power under Modibo Keita and Moussa Traoré in independent Mali. This interference of the French has resulted in doubts about the legitimacy of the kings, which is symbolized by the royal drums that are no longer played upon. The political developments involving the foundation of two parties by the Malian state, further diminished the role of the leaders of the Haayre as mediators for their people. This development is embodied in the final sentence of the text when Aamadu Baa Digi desperately concludes that "Jamaa oo, haya joonin, kaanankoo'be mon 'be, laamu walaa", which was translated as "Peuple, maintenant, vos rois, ils n'ont plus de pouvoir".
A team of researchers from different disciplinary backgrounds (forestry, anthropology, linguistics, religious studies) has provided commentary on the social, cultural, geographic, ecological, political, linguistic and religious context of this text. An account is also given on the production and the producer of this text recited so vividly by Aamadu Baa Digi.


Peri Bearman

To accompany the existing Index of Persons, Brill has prepared an Index of Subjects, intended as an extra aid when using the Encyclopédie de l'Islam. The sheer amount of information contained in the EI, and the fact that the entries are given in their Arabic form, require a good deal of searching on the part of the user, which the Index of Persons can only partially alleviate.
The Index des Matières, now fully covering Volumes I-X of the Encyclopédie de l'Islam, aims to lighten the user's work by providing a guide to the EI in the form of a thesaurus. Entries are given in French and are followed by the titles of the relevant EI-articles, as well as cross-references to articles which are not primarily about that subject, but include information which could be useful.
The student and scholar of Islam are hereby given a boost in unravelling the enormous richness of Encyclopédie de l'Islam.

J.L. Vives: De Institutione Feminae Christianae, Liber Primus

Introduction, Critical Edition, Translation and Notes


Edited by Charles Fantazzi and Matheeussen

This is a critical edition of the Latin text of Book I of the De Institutione Feminae Christianae of Juan Luis Vives together with facing English translation. The work was written in 1523 and dedicated to Catherine of Aragon for the instruction of her daughter Princess Mary. It was later thoroughly revised and the changes introduced are of great interest for the history of the text. The De Institutione is considered to be the most important treatise of the Renaissance on the education of women, cited and imitated throughout the sixteenth century. Although Vives sometimes betrays traditional attitudes towards the status of women, he gives expression to many liberalizing humanistic ideas. In all, it is a clear public acknowledgment of women's probity, dignity and capability for learning.


John M. Fossey

Zoïtopoúlou, E.P. & Fossey, J.M. Les lampes gréco-romaines. 1992
This catalogue raisonné presents the 84 Greek and Roman lamps of the McGill collection. Much of the collection derives from North Africa and the Levant and thus is particularly representative of Palestinian, Egyptian, Roman and Byzantine types, but various examples from parts of Europe provide examples of earlier Greek and Italian types. The lamps are presented in chronological and geographic groups.
MUMCAH 4 (1992), 294 p. 21x29 cm. - 70.00 EURO, ISBN: 9070265966


Dussart and Defaye

As knowledge of inland water Copepoda Crustacea of the world becomes more refined, revisions of taxonomic groups have sometimes lead to major modifications in defining the species and genera.
New criteria and fixed microcharacters are also used.
In order to make better use of the old works and to reduce the "currents" errors to a minimum, a catalogue of the presently known species and subspecies was clearly needed.
The authors previously attempted an approach of this type regarding freshwater Calanoids (1983) and Cyclopoids (1985). In this volume they present the Harpacticoid group which is the last of those studied in inland waters of the world.
This catalogue is considered up to date as of December 1987.

Commentaire sur les Catégories

Traduction commentée sous la direction de Ilsetraut Hadot. Fascicule I: Introduction, Première partie (p. 1-9, 3 Kalbfleisch)



The French translation with commentary, the first in a modern language, allows historians of philosophy access to a fundamental work for the understanding of medieval and modern thought. They could also explore more easily the great variety of information contained in the commentary of Simplicius on the history of the exegis of the Catégories of Aristotle, and more generally on the history of comparative philosophy of Simplicius. They will discover some important aspects in the actual thought of Simplicius, which so far has hardly been explored.