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Ta:rikh Mandinka de Bijini (Guinée-Bissau)

La mémoire des Mandinka et des Sòoninkee du Kaabu

Series:

Cornelia Giesing and Valentin Vydrine

Ce tome présente le Ta:rikh Mandinka, un manuscrit rédigé en Arabe et en Mandinka, originaire du village de Bijini en Guinée-Bissau. Inédit jusqu’à présent, le manuscrit consiste en une compilation structurée et très originale sur le Kaabu, réunissant divers récits et chroniques focalisant les débuts mythiques et la chute de cet « empire » païen au milieu du 19ième siècle.
Deux versions du manuscrit et plusieurs interprétations (lectures) du Ta:rikh sont reproduites, transcrites, traduites et analysées en tenant compte de questions philologiques, historiques et anthropologiques. L'analyse regarde la communauté cléricale de Bijini en tant que lieu de transmission de savoirs dans un contexte local et régional.
Le point focal du livre est l’importance de la diaspora cléricale des Mandinka et Jaakanka (Jakhanké) dans le processus de la construction de l’histoire de l’ « empire » sòoninkee du Kaabu en Sénégambie. Le tome contient un glossaire des noms et des termes mentionnés par les sources, des illustrations, des tableaux, des cartes et des photographies.

This volume presents a hitherto unpublished manuscript written in Arabic and Mandinka from the muslim village of Bijini in Guinea-Bissau, the Ta:rikh Mandinka, a unique and structured compilation unfolding the pagan "empire" of Kaabu from it's mythical beginnings to it's downfall in the nineteenth-century. Two existing manuscript versions and several oral interpretations of the Ta:rikh are reproduced, transcribed, translated, compared and analysed considering philological, historical and social-anthropological issues (chaps. 1-3). The fourth chapter deals with the clerical community of Bijini as a place of knowledge-transfer in it's local setting and within regional networks.
The focus of the book is on the importance of the Mandinka and Jakhanka clerical diaspora in the making of the history of the Sooninkee "empire" of Kaabu in Senegambia. The volume contains a glossary of names and terms mentioned in the sources and is illustrated with maps, photographs and drawings.

Entretiens avec Bala Kanté

Une chronique du Manding du XXème siècle

Jan Jansen and Diarra Mountaga

This book is a bilingual (Maninkakan [ Malinké] - French) presentation of narratives by an old blacksmith, Bala Kanté. The narratives are strikingly coherent in the sense that they use use indigenous models for historic causation to recount of the changes Mali has gone through in the 20th century. Though the narratives often recount well-known oral traditions, Bala Kanté embeds them in an argument which is highly original. Hence, the texts are of great interests for both historical and literary research. Moreover, the book contains archival material about the Sobara region where Bala Kanté lived most of his life and which marginal but unique history may be a prerequisite for Kanté's unique oeuvre.

Les Rois des Tambours au Haayre

Récitée par Aamadu Baa Digi, griot des FulBe à Dalla (Mali)

Caroline Angenent, Anneke Breedveld, Mirjam de Bruijn and Han van Dijk

The text in this volume covers a large period. It runs from the intensification of Islamic teaching during the reign of Alu Maana, to the struggles and intrigues at the court when Seeku Aamadu reigned over the neighbouring Islamic emirate of Maasina, to the French colonial regime. During the latter episode, a lot of attention is given to the manipulation of the appointment of rulers and the subsequent decline of their power under Modibo Keita and Moussa Traoré in independent Mali. This interference of the French has resulted in doubts about the legitimacy of the kings, which is symbolized by the royal drums that are no longer played upon. The political developments involving the foundation of two parties by the Malian state, further diminished the role of the leaders of the Haayre as mediators for their people. This development is embodied in the final sentence of the text when Aamadu Baa Digi desperately concludes that "Jamaa oo, haya joonin, kaanankoo'be mon 'be, laamu walaa", which was translated as "Peuple, maintenant, vos rois, ils n'ont plus de pouvoir".
A team of researchers from different disciplinary backgrounds (forestry, anthropology, linguistics, religious studies) has provided commentary on the social, cultural, geographic, ecological, political, linguistic and religious context of this text. An account is also given on the production and the producer of this text recited so vividly by Aamadu Baa Digi.