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This essay presents Gould’s distinctive system for analyzing kin terminologies showing the system’s power, importance, and usefulness—and showing its relationship to other approaches and the payoffs each aims at. In revealing significant new empirical regularities and simplifications, Gould’s analytic system implies important constraints on future analytic and interpretative approaches to kin terminologies. Some of these new insights involve the demonstration of the effect of distributed collective cognitive systems over and above the effects of repeated iterations of individual cognitive constraints or pressures. It is the peculiar nature of the kinterm domain that allows these findings to be so directly shown, but the implication is that these findings apply more generally to the collective cognitive systems that make up language and culture.
Evil women, who are they really? What are their motives, and how are they remembered and constructed within our culture? Evil Women: Representations within Literature, Culture and Film seeks to interrogate the nature and construction of evil women in the above fields. Through literature, poetry, history, ballads, film and real-life culture, scholars explore how the evil woman has been constructed and, in some cases, erased; the punishment and treatment of evil women; and the way evil women have been portrayed on and off screen through character, narrative and behind the camera development.
Perspektiven der Philosophie. Neues Jahrbuch eröffnet Forschern, denen die philosophische Begründung des Denkens wichtig ist, eine Publikationsmöglichkeit. Wir verstehen uns nicht als Schulorgan einer philosophischen Lehrmeinung, sondern sehen unsere Aufgabe darin, an der Intensivierung des wissenschaftlichen Philosophierens mitzuwirken. Besonders fördern wir den wissenschaftlichen Nachwuchs und laden ihn zur Mitarbeit ein.

Mit Beiträgen von: Michael Boch, Klaus Düsing, Dagmar Fenner, Christian Fernandes, Dimitri Ginev, Rolf Kühn, Thorsten Lerchner, Stefan Nürnberg, Rudi Ott, Nora Schleich, Harald Seubert, Anja Solbach, Andreas Thomas und Giovanni Tidona.
Volume Editor: Paul Avis
John Neville Figgis, CR (1866-1919) was a brilliant Anglican theologian, historian, political thinker and preacher; he was also a monk. This volume of a dozen freshly commissioned essays by eminent scholars retrieves, expounds and critiques his thought and relates it to the culturally pluralist theological, ethical and political situation in which we find ourselves in the twenty-first century. Although Figgis’ significance is widely acknowledged by scholars, little has been written about him. Figgis has an uncontested place in Anglican and Episcopal thought and is overdue for a concerted study of the many facets of his work and importance.
Im Allgemeinen gilt die Philosophie von Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel als äußerst bedeutend und wirkmächtig, gleichsam aber als überaus sperrig und schwer. Wer würde da annehmen, dass diese ausgerechnet von der Liebe inspiriert wurde? Tatsächlich begegnet Hegel während seiner Beschäftigung mit der Liebe jener Methodik, die ihn unsterblich gemacht hat: der Dialektik.
Bei der Liebe geht es um Selbstbejahung, um Selbstvergessenheit, aber auch darum, ein Selbstbewusstsein auf vertiefte Weise wiederzuerlangen. Am Ende steht womöglich eine Synthese zwischen Liebendem und Geliebten. Was Begriffe wie „Selbstbewusstsein“, „absoluter Geist“, „absolutes Wissen“ im Kosmos Hegels exakt bedeuten, erklärt die Einführung ebenso klar wie pointenreich. Zahlreiche Illustrationen, die nicht nur komplexe Sachverhalte veranschaulichen, sondern immer wieder auch Anekdoten aus Hegels Leben einstreuen, sorgen für eine spannende und unterhaltsame Lektüre. Schnell wird man den Grundzügen des Hegelschen Philosophierens, der Grundstruktur seines philosophischen Systems sowie seiner zentralen Thesen und Konzeptionen auf die Spur kommen. Das Buch richtet sich an Einsteiger:innen ohne philosophisches Vorwissen oder spezielle Hegelkenntnisse.
Eine Studie über Handlungs- und Selbstkontrolle
Worin besteht der Unterschied zwischen dem, was ein Akteur tut, und dem, was ihm lediglich widerfährt? Den Kontrast zwischen Handlungen und bloßen Ereignissen zu erklären, ist das zentrale Problem der Handlungstheorie.
Bisher gingen Philosophinnen und Philosophen stets davon aus, dass der Unterschied zwischen aktivem und passivem Verhalten allein durch Verweis auf die besonderen Produktionsbedingungen von Handlungen erklärt werden könne. Aber dies ist nicht der Fall. Die Kernthese dieser Arbeit ist, dass Handlungen nur verstanden und erklärt werden können, wenn man sowohl die produktiven als auch die inhibitorischen Aspekte von Handlungskontrolle berücksichtigt. Trotz der Bedeutung inhibitorischer Kontrolle im Alltag gibt es derzeit weder eine philosophische Auseinandersetzung damit noch einen philosophischen Ansatz, der inhibitorische Kontrolle erklären würde. Das Ziel des Buches ist es, diese Lücke in der philosophischen Forschungsliteratur zu schließen.
Interdisciplinary Reflections
Editor: Jan G. Michel
Scientific progress depends crucially on scientific discoveries. Yet the topic of scientific discoveries has not been central to debate in the philosophy of science. This book aims to remedy this shortcoming. Based on a broad reading of the term “science” (similar to the German term “Wissenschaft ”), the book convenes experts from different disciplines who reflect upon several intertwined questions connected to the topic of making scientific discoveries.
Among these questions are the following: What are the preconditions for making scientific discoveries? What is it that we (have to) do when we make discoveries in science? What are the objects of scientific discoveries, how do we name them, and how do scientific names function? Do dis-coveries in, say, physics and biology, share an underlying structure, or do they differ from each other in crucial ways? Are other fields such as theology and environmental studies loci of scientific discovery? What is the purpose of making scientific discoveries? Explaining nature or reality? Increasing scientific knowledge? Finding new truths? If so, how can we account for instructive blunders and serendipities in science?
In the light of the above, the following is an encompassing question of the book: What does it mean to make a discovery in science, and how can scientific discoveries be distinguished from non-scientific discoveries?
From Hip Hop Philosophy to Politics and Performance Art
Volume Editor: Jerold J. Abrams
This edited collection provides an in-depth and wide-ranging exploration of pragmatist philosopher Richard Shusterman’s distinctive project of “somaesthetics,” devoted not only to better understanding bodily experience but also to greater mastery of somatic perception, performance, and presentation. Against contemporary trends that focus narrowly on conceptual and computational thinking, Shusterman returns philosophy to what is most fundamental—the sentient, expressive, human body with its creations of living beauty. Twelve scholars here provide penetrating critical analyses of Shusterman on ontology, perception, language, literature, culture, politics, aesthetics, cuisine, music, and the visual arts, including films of his work in performance art.
Volume Editors: Tamara Nair and Maria Inês Amaro
Citizenship is one of the most important legacies of human development. It raises the human status from a biological condition into a cultural, moral, political and rationalistic one. It is a constantly evolving process, which at each new turn, adds complexity to human existence.
After the breakthroughs of the eighteenth century, with the first steps in recognition of civil and political rights, and of the twentieth century with the advancement of social rights and the emergence of cultural and environmental rights, one could conclude that the twenty-first century would see an enlargement of citizenship ideas and ideals. Has this indeed happened? Where are we now when it comes to identifying ourselves as citizens?
Varying across several disciplines, this volume addresses the complexities of citizenship and our attempts to make sense of them.
This volume, the 36th year of published proceedings, contains five papers and four commentaries presented to the Boston Area Colloquium in Ancient Philosophy during the academic year 2019–20. Paper topics: On Platonism, how Plato’s Cave preserves his political interest from Arendt’s critique, and how Plutarch’s Isis and Osiris uses a complex framing device to integrate Platonic metaphysics and politics. On Aristotle, that dialectic is a versatile techne for formal and informal discussion, and the role of practice to preserve the voluntary nature of character despite its grounding in upbringing. Finally, using Aristotle to argue for the legitimacy of anger against transhumanist efforts, echoing Stoic concerns against such emotions. The comments challenge or sustain the theses presented in the main papers.