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This book argues that, notwithstanding problems encountered on the ground in some situations, African governments, peoples, and institutions have firmly endorsed the universality of human rights as defined in international human rights law. It explores the endorsement of the values of human dignity, equality, respect, and democratic governance reflected by their participation in the United Nations, the African Union, and in sub-regional organizations, as well as their adoption of stunning Democracy Charters. The African Commission and Court of Human Rights have repeatedly affirmed the universality of human rights, as have spearhead institutions such as the Constitutional Court of South Africa. The volume concludes that the fifty-four African States in the United Nations stand proudly in support of universal human rights as defined in international and African human rights law.
Integrating Research on Education and Citizenship in the Context of Migration
This interdisciplinary volume on The Challenge of Radicalization and Extremism: Integrating Research on Education and Citizenship in the Context of Migration addresses the need for educational researchers to place their work in a broader social and political context by connecting it to the current and highly relevant issue of extremism and radicalization. It is just as important for researchers of extremism and radicalization to strengthen their conceptual links with educational fields, especially with education for democratic citizenship, as for researchers in education to get more familiar with issues of migration. This book meets a current shortage of research that addresses these issues across subjects and disciplines to inform both scientific and professional stakeholders in the educational and social sectors.

The volume is divided into three parts. The first part, Foundations, provides fundamental research on radicalization and the rejection of democratic values. In the second part, Analysis of Preconditions within the Educational Context, key risk and protective factors against radicalization for young people are explored. Finally, the third part, Approaches for Prevention and Intervention, offers concrete suggestions for prevention and intervention methods within formal and informal educational contexts. The contributions show how new avenues for prevention can be explored through integrating citizenship education’s twofold function to assimilate and to empower.
The 14th thematic volume of International Development Policy provides perspectives through case studies from the global Souths focusing on the challenges and opportunities of governing migration on the subnational, national, regional and international levels. Bringing together some thirty authors from Africa, Latin America and Asia, the book explores existing and new policies and frameworks in terms of their successes and best practices, and looks at them through the lens of additional challenges, such as those brought on by the COVID-19 pandemic, the rise of nationalisms and an increase in xenophobia. The chapters also take the ‘5 Ps’ approach to sustainable development (people, planet, prosperity, peace and partnerships) and assess how migration policies serve sustainable development in a rapidly evolving context.
This book is a study of around seven hours of naturally occurring video data, recorded by the author in the Italian speaking part of Switzerland. Drawing on the methodology of Conversation Analysis, Gazin analyses instructional sequences of interaction during driving lessons. The temporal constraints of mobility make the driving lessons a rich setting for the investigation of sequence organisation and action constitution. The author identifies different types of actions that compose the unfolding driving and instructing activity, and their turn-constructional features (e.g. different verb forms for specific instructions). The analyses thereby offer insights that inform fundamental concepts like multiactivity and multimodality. The investigations in this book contribute to an increased understanding of the mechanisms of human interaction in general and in mobile settings more specifically.
The Third Edition of Brill’s Encyclopaedia of Islam appears in substantial segments each year, both online and in print. The new scope includes comprehensive coverage of Islam in the twentieth century and of Muslim minorities all over the world.
This Part 2022-5 of the Third Edition of Brill’s Encyclopaedia of Islam will contain 43 new articles, reflecting the great diversity of current scholarship in the fields of Islamic Studies.
Der „Faktor Mensch“ in der digitalen Transformation
Author: Thomas Gremsl
Algorithmen und soziotechnische (KI)-Systeme müssen so konstruiert werden, dass der Mensch im Mittelpunkt bleibt. Angesichts einer zunehmenden Digitalisierung unserer Lebensbereiche mit Blick auf Algorithmen und soziotechnische (KI)-Systeme, ist (Sozial-)Ethik in besonderem Maße angefragt, Perspektiven auf eine menschengerechte Gestaltung dieses Wandels zu eröffnen.
Sogar im sonst so traditionsreichen Fußball finden zunehmend technische Systeme (Torlinientechnologie – GLT, Videoschiedsrichterassistent – VAR) Einzug und stellen uns vor neue Herausforderungen. Dadurch wird die Frage nach der Rolle und der Stellung des „Faktor Mensch“ innerhalb dieser Strukturen immer wichtiger. Die vorliegende Arbeit fragt nach einer möglichst menschengerechten Gestaltung dieser Prozesse und Strukturen. Dabei werden Fragen des Verhältnisses von Mensch–KI und der ethisch-rechtlichen Regulierungsbedürftigkeit dieser Systeme ebenso in den Blick genommen wie sportethische Schlaglichter oder Werte und ethische Prinzipien, die Perspektiven eröffnen sollen.
An important aspect of narrative motivation is emotional understanding. The sequence of events completes an emotional cadence in the audience, which makes narratives meaningful for them. In this regard, negative emotions have an outstanding role. Based on general emotion-theories, positive emotions support approaching action tendencies while negative emotions endorse distancing and avoiding. However, this notion is not valid for aesthetic reception, because as research shows, aesthetic objects eliciting negative emotions greatly attract recipients and increase the intensity of the aesthetic experience. In aesthetic experience, it seems, negative emotions interweave with pleasure; moreover, they can be a source of pleasure. The studies of this volume discuss the role of negative emotions in the reception of fictional narratives with special interest to fear and disgust.
Zur sozialethischen Produktivkraft einer Emotion in der literarischen Kultur des 18. Jahrhunderts
Author: Christian Sieg
Christian Sieg weist die sozialethische Relevanz der Scham für die literarische Kultur der Aufklärung nach und plädiert für eine kulturtheoretische Neubewertung dieser peinigenden Emotion: Als moralische Emotion gehört Scham zum Projekt der Aufklärung selbst. Die Aufklärung will die Disposition zur Scham schützen, fürchtet jedoch das episodische Schamempfinden, weil es individuelle Selbstbestimmung gefährdet. Die Schamvermeidung fungiert daher als sozialethischer Imperativ, dessen kulturelle Produktivität sich in der Literatur des 18. Jahrhunderts zeigt. Die Studie widmet sich der Kritik der Scham in den Diskursen über Satire und über Selbstbeobachtung. Verfolgt wird, wie das traditionelle Verständnis der Satire als Schamstrafe einem humoristischen Welt- und Selbstverhältnis weicht und die Semantik der Freundschaft die Entwicklung therapeutischer Interaktion prägt. Im Mittelpunkt stehen dabei die sozialethischen Schreibprogramme von Christoph Martin Wieland und Karl Philipp Moritz.
Fashion is an integral part of popular culture, closely intertwined with tales, magazines, photography, cinema, television, music and sports... up to the emergence of dedicated exhibitions and museums.
Fashion is undergoing a major digital transformation: garments and apparels are presented and sold online, and fashion trends and styles are launched, discussed and negotiated mainly in the digital arena. While going well beyond national and linguistic borders, digital fashion communication requires further cultural sensitivity: otherwise, it might ignite inter-cultural misunderstandings and communication crises. This book presents the recent transformation of Fashion from being a Cinderella to becoming a major cultural attractor and academic research subject, as well as the implications of its digital transformation. Through several cases, it documents intercultural communication crises and provides strategies to interpret and prevent them.
Poetic Narratives for Racial Equity, Equality, Healing, and Freedom
What does it mean to be Black in America? In this book, Pierre W. Orelus uses his poetry to unpack this question, unmasking racism, sexism, and oppression in America. The 59 poems in this collection deal with a wide range of topics, from immigration to xenophobia, from Black pride to Black rage, from parenting to female empowerment.

Since the dawn of time, poetry and stories have been used to address social issues while inspiring at the same time deep, imaginary, and philosophical thoughts. This book combines poetry with short stories situated in very specific historical, racial, socio-economic, and cultural contexts to examine the existential experiences of Brown and Black people in the Americas, particularly in the United States of America, with systemic racism, voucher capitalism, xenophobia, and sexism, among other social wrongs.