This article provides an analytical overview of major works on the topic of environmental governance in China, with a particular emphasis on studies examining policies during the reform era (post-1978). We begin by exploring the rise of China’s “environmental state” and the various institutional and political factors that shape state behavior. Next, we describe the complex relationship between the Chinese state and society, analyzing studies related to environmental public opinion, citizen action, nongovernmental organizations (NGOs), green civil society, the role of the media, and China’s judiciary. Finally, we conclude by reviewing research on market-based mechanisms of environmental governance in China, including emissions trading schemes, environmental transparency, corporate information disclosure, and green finance.
From the inception of the New Order regime (1967-1998) in Indonesia, the Indonesian military moved to monopolize the production of official history and control its content in order to condemn communism and at the same time, to validate its political role and the militarization of society. Through an analysis of the military's history projects and military produced ideology, Katharine McGregor uncovers how and to what extent the content of nationalist history was transformed in the New Order period in the hands of the military and especially the role of its key historian, Nugroho Notosusanto.
History in uniform is the first detailed analysis of the Indonesian military's image-making efforts, and one of a very small group of studies to examine in detail a key institution within the Indonesian military, the Armed Forces History Centre. Based on a unique set of sources that includes interviews with staff of the Armed Forces History Centre, museum records, guidebooks, collections of military doctrine, seminar proceedings, films, textbooks and commemorative histories of the military and the Armed Forces History Centre, the book offers a rare examination of the significance of history to a politicized military force and to a modernizing nation.
Indonesians of Chinese descent constitute only two to three per cent of the countrys population but dominate the private business sector. Serious acts of violence against this ethnic minority occurred during Indonesias colonial past, and after a period relatively free of such incidents became increasingly frequent during the final years of Suhartos New Order. In this first book-length study of anti-Chinese hostility during the collapse of Suhartos regime, Jemma Purdey presents a close analysis of the main incidents of violence during the transitional period between 1996 and 1999, and the unprecedented process of national reflection that ensued. The mass violence that accompanied the fall of the regime in May 1998 affected not only ethnic Chinese but also indigenous or
pribumi Indonesians. The author places anti-Chinese riots within this broader context, considering causes and agency as well as the way violence has been represented. While ethnicity and prejudice are central to the explanation put forward, she concludes that politics, economics and religion offer additional keys to understanding why such outbreaks occurred.
This book explores a phase in the history of both Indonesia and Singapore that is little known. It is a narrative analysis of how the dynamics of the Indonesian revolution (1945-1949) overflowed into Singapore. In turn, Singapore was a base for the Indonesian nationalists, the British, the Dutch, and Chinese traders, with each group exploiting prevailing circumstances for their own interests. Indeed, the author argues that the success of Indonesias struggle against the Dutch was due in no small measure to the opportunities available in Singapore to advance Indonesias strategic aims. The Singapore connection during these years was a vital link.
Indonesia's economy has been ravaged by the Asian economic crisis. Its leader for 32 years, President Soeharto, was forced from office in May 1998 amidst rioting and student demonstrations. This book examines the political and economic trends which are shaping Indonesia's future. The contributors are leading politicians, business people, academics and international journalists with an intimate knowledge of Indonesia.
Co-published with ISEAS.