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Associate Editor: Dirksen
This volume presents the Syriac text of the books of Chronicles as well as a critical apparatus in respect of the textual witnesses.
Author: Kouwenberg
This book offers an account of the role of gemination as a grammatical and lexical feature of Akkadian and a comprehensive treatment of the nominal and verbal categories that are characterized by it. It argues that gemination is basically an iconic phenomenon: its presence correlates with an extension in the meaning of the word vis-à-vis that of the corresponding word without gemination. This semantic extension is often realized as plurality; in other cases gemination has been subject to a process of grammaticalization, through which it has acquired a more abstract function, mostly that of underlining a high degree of salience or transitivity. Particular attention is paid to the D-stem, which is discussed exhaustively for the first time here. It is the most important and the most controversial of the verbal stems not only in Akkadian, but also in Semitic as a whole.
It is shown that the use of the D-stems of transitive verbs is mainly determined by various kinds of verbal plurality. With regard to the "factitive" D-sems of intransitive verbs a new and more nuanced definition is given of the concepts of factitivity as opposed to causativity; this allows a more satisfactory account of the relationship between the D-stem and the causative S-stem. The book includes detailed discussions of many individual verbs and passages from Akkadian texts. Lists of words with gemination and extensive indexes provide valuable
reference material.
Edited on Behalf of the International Organization for the Study of the Old Testament by the Peshiṭta Institute, Leiden
Contributors: Drijvers, Lane, Hospers, Hayman, van Vliet, and Erbes
The Peshitta is the Syriac translation of the Old Testament made on the basis of the Hebrew text during the second century CE. Much like the Greek translations of the Old Testament, this document is an important source for our knowledge of the text of the Old Testament. Its language is also of great interest to linguists. Moreover, as Bible of the Syriac Churches it is used in sermons, commentaries, poetry, prayers, and hymns. Many terms specific to the spirituality of the Syriac Churches have their origins in this ancient and reliable version of the Old Testament.
The present edition, published by the Peshitta Institute in Leiden on behalf of the International Organization for the Study of the Old Testament, is the first scholarly one of this text. It presents the evidence of all known ancient manuscripts and gives full introductions to the individual books. This volume contains Leviticus, Numbers, Deuteronomy, and Joshua.
Author: Schmidt
The passage contained in Ex. vii 14 ff describing the plagues in Egypt leading up to the killing of the first born is an important piece of evidence for the currently controversial documentary hypothesis.
The literary-critical presentation before us confirms this; but it shows that, in addition to the Yahwist and Priestly Documents, the Jehovist - who constructed the plague on the cattle and the hail storm - played a significant part and that the editor of the final text expanded upon his source. The thematic and formal lines of connection between the individual layers and the literary dependance of the latter upon the earlier are worked out, and a case is made for the location of the Jehovist in the time of the exile. An examination of the list of plagues in Ps. lxxviii and cv leads to the conclusion that the authors took over the final version of the tale of the plagues from Ex., but that for them the Jehovist number of seven plagues has won through.
This study confirms the correctness of the more recent documentary-hypothesis and draws attention to necessary modifications.