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Kevin T. Van Bladel

This historical study argues that the Mandaean religion originated under Sasanid rule in the fifth century, not earlier as has been widely accepted. It analyzes primary sources in Syriac, Mandaic, and Arabic to clarify the early history of Mandaeism. This religion, along with several other, shorter-lived new faiths, such as Kentaeism, began in a period of state-sponsored persecution of Babylonian paganism. The Mandaeans would survive to become one of many groups known as Ṣābians by their Muslim neighbors. Rather than seeking to elucidate the history of Mandaeism in terms of other religions to which it can be related, this study approaches the religion through the history of its social contexts.

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Michael Shenkar

Winner of the the Roman and Tania Ghirshman Prize 2015 by the French Académie des Inscriptions et Belles-Lettres. This prize was established in 1973 by the donation made by Roman Ghirshman, one of the prominent French archaeologists of Pre-Islamic Iran. It is awarded annually for a publication in the field of Pre-Islamic Iranian Studies.

In Intangible Spirits and Graven Images, Michael Shenkar investigates the perception of ancient Iranian deities and their representation in the Iranian cults. This ground-breaking study traces the evolution of the images of these deities, analyses the origin of their iconography, and evaluates their significance. Shenkar also explores the perception of anthropomorphism and aniconism in ancient Iranian religious imagery, with reference to the material evidence and the written sources, and reassesses the value of the Avestan and Middle Persian texts that are traditionally employed to illuminate Iranian religious imagery. In doing so, this book provides important new insights into the religion and culture of ancient Iran prior to the Islamic conquest.

The Making of Israel

Cultural Diversity in the Southern Levant and the Formation of Ethnic Identity in Deuteronomy

C.L. Crouch

In The Making of Israel C.L. Crouch presents the southern Levant during the seventh century BCE as a major period for the formation of Israelite ethnic identity, challenging scholarship which dates biblical texts with identity concerns to the exilic and post-exilic periods as well as scholarship which limits pre-exilic identity concerns to Josianic nationalism. The argument analyses the archaeological material from the southern Levant during Iron Age II, then draws on anthropological research to argue for an ethnic response to the economic, political and cultural change of this period. The volume concludes with an investigation into identity issues in Deuteronomy, highlighting centralisation and exclusive Yahwism as part of the deuteronomic formulation of Israelite ethnic identity.

Early Egyptian Christianity

From its Origins to 451 CE

C. Wilfred Griggs

In this well-documented and clear study, the history of Christianity in Egypt is discussed. It critically and attractively focuses on early Egyptian Christianity, from its earliest recorded origins to the Council of Chalcedon in 451 CE. That was the moment, after the separation from the Catholic University, when the Egyptian Coptic Church became the national religion.
During this period, we observe the development of features unique to Egyptian Christianity, such as the imposition of Catholic ecclesiasticism in Alexandria and southward, and the presence of forces that would lead to the establishment of a national religion.
This study will greatly contribute to an increased understanding of early Egyptian Christian history and the manner in which that religion was dispersed in other countries. It also adds to the understanding of the general history of early Christianity.

van Loon

In his previous fascicle (XV, 12) the author showed that the native Anatolian nature goddess and her son, the hunting god, remained much more popular throughout the second millennium B.C. than one might deduce from the written sources.
The present fascicle permits comparison of the iconographies of Neo-Hittites, Uratians, Phryigans, Lydians and Lycians. Inherited beliefs manifested themselves in widely differing ways. Thus the old nature goddess Kubaba or Cybele appears in the Neo-Hittite pantheon alongside many other deities; her cult among the Phyrgians, while emphasizing motherhood, seems to have been almost monotheistic.
With much information on new finds from Sardis, Gordion and easten Turkey this volume is a comprehensive survey of the religious iconography of Anatolia on the eve of its absorption into the Hellenic world.

Die Göttin Mr.t.

Entstehung und Verehrung einer Personifikation

Guglielmi

Among the numerous deities invested with special spheres of responsibility in ancient Egypt Mr.t is charged with the salutation of the deity (king or god) and the provision of cult-music. Since there is no lack of source material relating to the goddess from all periods right down to Roman times, Mr.t readily provides an exemplary demonstration of a minor deity's transformation through time. Her original deification must have taken place during the 4th and 5th dynasties when the chorus designated Mr.t came to be personified as the ritual figure " Mr.t upon the house of Gold" at the Hebsed and the first "Priests-of- Mr. t"-titles appeared. To the characteristic iconography, tress of hair and special gesture taken over from the chorus by the deity more symbols came to be added: the mysterious House of Gold, the place where statues were fashioned; the heraldic plants of Upper and Lower Egypt; and, in Ptolemaic times, the harp.

A Cuneiform Anthology of Religious Texts from Ugarit

Autographed Texts and Glossaries

Johannes de Moor and Spronk

Chaeremon, Egyptian Priest and Stoic Philosopher

The Fragments Collected and Translated with Explanatory Notes. Reprint with a Preface, Addenda et Corrigenda

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Pieter W. van der Horst